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The Money Illusion

By Irving Fisher
  • ISBN Code: : 1627939997
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Pages : 109
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Reads : 688
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-money-illusion.pdf

Book Excerpt :

In economics, money illusion refers to the tendency of people to think of currency in nominal, rather than real, terms. In other words, the numerical/face value (nominal value) of money is mistaken for its purchasing power (real value). This is false, as modern fiat currencies have no inherent value and their real value is derived from their ability to be exchanged for goods and used for payment of taxes. The term was coined by John Maynard Keynes in the early twentieth century. Almost every one is subject to the "Money Illusion" in respect to his own country's currency. This seems to him to be stationary while the money of other countries seems to change. It may seem strange but it is true that we see the rise or fall of foreign money better than we see that of our own.-IRVING FISHER

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Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

Whether we're buying a pair of jeans, ordering a cup of coffee, selecting a long-distance carrier, applying to college, choosing a doctor, or setting up a 401(k), everyday decisions—both big and small—have become increasingly complex due to the overwhelming abundance of choice with which we are presented. As Americans, we assume that more choice means better options and greater satisfaction. But beware of excessive choice: choice overload can make you question the decisions you make before you even make them, it can set you up for unrealistically high expectations, and it can make you blame yourself for any and all failures. In the long run, this can lead to decision-making paralysis, anxiety, and perpetual stress. And, in a culture that tells us that there is no excuse for falling short of perfection when your options are limitless, too much choice can lead to clinical depression. In The Paradox of Choice, Barry Schwartz explains at what point choice—the hallmark of individual freedom and self-determination that we so cherish—becomes detrimental to our psychological and emotional well-being. In accessible, engaging, and anecdotal prose, Schwartz shows how the dramatic explosion in choice—from the mundane to the profound challenges of balancing career, family, and individual needs—has paradoxically become a problem instead of a solution. Schwartz also shows how our obsession with choice encourages us to seek that which makes us feel worse. By synthesizing current research in the social sciences, Schwartz makes the counter intuitive case that eliminating choices can greatly reduce the stress, anxiety, and busyness of our lives. He offers eleven practical steps on how to limit choices to a manageable number, have the discipline to focus on those that are important and ignore the rest, and ultimately derive greater satisfaction from the choices you have to make.

The Illusion of Money

By Kyle Cease
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Hay House, Inc
  • Book Code : 1401957455
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Self-Help
  • Members : 503
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-money.pdf

Book Short Summary:

New York Times best-selling author and comedian-turned-motivational speaker, Kyle Cease, shows how your obsession with money is actually preventing you from living the life of your dreams. "I can't afford that." "Now's not the right time . . . I need to save up." "Quit my job? Are you nuts?!" Sound familiar? Money is one of the biggest excuses we make to not go after what we really want. Our fixation with money--the desire for more of it, and the fear of not having enough of it--is often really just a longing to feel safe. But this obsession with money is coming at a much bigger cost: our sanity, our creativity, our freedom, and our ability to step into our true power. This book is about eliminating the need to seek safety through the illusion of money, and learning to see ourselves for the perfection that we are--so that we can bring our gifts to the world in an authentic way, and allow ourselves to receive massive, true abundance as a result. Kyle Cease has heard excuses like the ones above countless times at his live events, and he has shown people how to completely break through them. In The Illusion of Money, he shares his own experiences as well as practical tools to help readers understand their ingrained beliefs and attachments to money, and how they can tap into our infinite assets and talents. "After 25 years as a successful comedian, actor, transformational speaker, author and junior-league amateur bowler, I've experienced many times how chasing money is not an effective way to create an abundant and fulfilling life. The most alive I've ever felt was after I left my comedy career at its peak to become a transformational speaker. I left tons of guaranteed money and so-called security for a complete unknown. It was terrifying--but what was on the other side of that terror was a completely different life that is not only more abundant financially, but has more freedom, more ease, more passion, more impact and more joy." -- Kyle Cease

The Illusion of Well-Being

By Mark D. White
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137361158
  • Total of Pages : 206
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 178
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-well-being.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The use of measures of economic output to guide policymaking has been criticized for decades because of their weak ties to human well-being. Recently, many scholars and politicians have called for measures of happiness or subjective well-being to be used to guide policy in people's true interests. In The Illusion of Well-Being, Mark D. White explains why using happiness as a tool for policymaking is misguided and unethical. Happiness is too vague a term to define, and too general a concept, to measure in a way that captures people's true feelings. He extends this critique to well-being in general and concludes that no measure of well-being can do justice to people's true interests, which are complex, multifaceted, and subjective. White suggests instead that policymaking be conducted according to respect and responsiveness, promoting the true interests of citizens while addressing their real needs, and devoting government resources to where they can do the most good.

The Illusion of Management Control

By N. Thygesen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0230365396
  • Total of Pages : 247
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 896
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-management-control.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book shows how a system theoretical concept of technology helps us to understand the paradoxes of control. It describes a phenomenon which shows regularity that is unexpected against the background of received knowledge within management studies. It presents a series of cases which touch upon a range of technologies within the public sector.

The Illusion of Freedom and Equality

By Richard Stivers
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Book Code : 0791478033
  • Total of Pages : 132
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 543
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-freedom-and-equality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Explores how Enlightenment values have been transformed in a technological civilization.

THE ILLUSION OF FREE WILL

By JJ Briggs
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : the good little film company
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 210
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Members : 138
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-free-will.pdf

Book Short Summary:

If, like me, you have been in a relationship with a narcissist (whether you have realised it or not) and come out the other side, you will likely have reached a point of registering that you are in a "no win situation" before being able to remove yourself for good. Unfortunately for me, by the time I came to this conclusion I had hit rock bottom. I was financially bankrupt and ended up leaving a hotel room in a foreign country that my wife and I were staying in, with nothing more than the clothes I had on, and barely enough money to get away with. By this point I was so desperate to escape that I left without my passport, even though I was in the middle of Bangkok, because she had been keeping it from me for many years. This being just one of the methods my wife used to stop me from leaving her. Understandably, people find it hard to fathom why I did not take off earlier and waited so long to finally go. The truth is that I tried to do just that many times during the course of our four-year relationship. And as anyone that has been in a similar situation can attest, it just isn't that simple. For one thing if you truly believe, as I did, that you are in love and have found your soul mate (for want of a better word) you will do almost anything to see the relationship succeed. But the fact is that even though you are in love with this person or perhaps because of it, you are still completely screwed. The narcissist will never change. I would even argue that they are incapable of doing so. They are simply too focused on their own needs and desires at any given time to be able to. The result is that you decide to be the one that changes and capitulates, because if you don't, then the relationship simply won't last. You reason that at some point you will have managed to morph into the person he or she proclaims to want. All the while the goal posts keep being moved further and further away, until the day one realises that no amount of changing or giving, will ever be enough to satisfy the narcissist. They will always want and need more. However this book is not a self-help book, or a how to guide. It simply tells a story that starts at the point of initial meeting with Eve the narcissist in question, and ends with an escape through the streets of Thailand. To anybody that has experienced a similar relationship many things will be very familiar, like the narcissists total lack of empathy, financial exploitation, violence, great sex and even love at times. Other things will probably be unfamiliar, like being involved in a so-called cult. Though through experience I have now come to suspect that all cult leaders must also be narcissists or perhaps some extreme narcissists also become cult leaders. Either way round they then use their natural charisma and power of persuasion over others to coral and cajole followers into not only doing their biding, but as minions they can use to control other people even further. If I had a single wish for this tale told in first person, it would be that beyond being an entertaining story, it could perhaps help someone in a similar situation recognise the signs of abuse sooner, rather than later. And that this story be a catalyst for an earlier removal from an ultimately futile relationship.

The Illusion of Economic Stability

By Eli Ginzberg
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • Book Code : 1412837324
  • Total of Pages : 275
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 718
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-economic-stability.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In one of the foremost critiques of the widespread view that in market-based economics the fluctuations of the marketplace are essentially self-regulating, Eli Ginzberg argues the reverse. He asserts that government regulation or intervention to provide stability in the capitalist marketplace is a necessity. In this classic statement of macroeconomic theory, Ginzberg argues that self-directed stable economies, devoid of an appreciation of social and psychological factors, are essentially illusory. The ability of strong blocs--corporate, labor, and agricultural--to control the market in the hope of bettering their economic position places great difficulties in the path of securing a stable economy. For Ginzberg, economic fluctuations in the decade preceding the Great Depression can largely be explained by the interaction of technological, psychological, and monetary factors. Without these factors being subjected to some sort of control, economic stability must remain an illusion. The current period of a significant fall-off in earnings, profits, and full employment also followed a decade of unparalleled monetary growth. The concerns Ginzberg raised are relevant once again. It may turn out that the "neoliberalism" of the present has something to say in response to the free market/free society premises currently in vogue. In a brilliant introductory essay, Nobel Laureate Robert M. Solow offers an impressive report card on The Illusion of Economic Stability: "The prose is tighter and more aphoristic than late Ginzberg, and the tone is more detached, even sardonic." He concludes by admitting that a volatile stock market is one more reason why automatic economic stability seems as illusory today as it did when the book first appeared. Eli Ginzberg (1911-2002) was the acknowledged doyen of the Columbia University Department of Economics. He was the author of no fewer than 140 books, and countless articles. Among the most relevant to his work on economics are New Deal Days: 1933-1934, Adam Smith and the Founding of Market Economics, and A World Without Work. Robert M. Solow is Institute Professor Emeritus and Professor of Economics Emeritus at MIT and is one of the major figures of neo-Keynesian synthesis macroeconomics. In 1987 he was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics.

The Illusion of a Conservative Reagan Revolution

By Larry M. Schwab
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • Book Code : 1412863473
  • Total of Pages : 258
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 236
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-a-conservative-reagan-revolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book presents a provocative perspective on the impact of the Reagan administration. Many political commentators, both liberal and conservative, argue that the 1980s was a period of fundamental conservative change. Some of them believe the changes have been so important that the 1980s should be seen as a watershed period in American political history as significant as the 1930s. Schwab denies this thesis and points out that politics and policy did not fundamentally change in a conservative direction. Instead, he demonstrates how policy developments and the political system actually moved in the opposite direction. In the realm of public opinion, Schwab points out that sentiment tends to shift toward the left rather than the right. Support for social and environmental programs remained high and even increased during the Reagan era, whereas support for defense programs dropped to a near-record low. Instead of a New Right conservative shift in public opinion on social issues, Americans became more liberal on women’s rights, minority rights, and sexual behavior issues. Schwab’s critique extends as well to Reagan’s political success and popularity. Rather than being one of the most successful presidents in leading Congress, he was one of the least successful. His conservative ideology lessened support for him among many voters and congressional liberals gained more voter support during the 1980s’ elections than conservatives.

THE ILLUSION OF CHANGE

By Adrian Gabriel Dumitru
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Adrian Gabriel Dumitru
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Self-Help
  • Members : 150
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-change.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The real change will come only when you will accept it inside your soul ... There are so many books about change or success, that you will not have enough time to read them during this life time. Sometimes looking for a huge success that could complete our lives ... the change is just part of the script. And success indeed can’t come without the change. But what is the change?! Can you do it by yourself, or you just need special help from different people?! Or maybe the real change can come only from inside of us ... and the only real help as it to happen is to accept it ... not only want it. Accept it ... as part of your life. Imagine that many years ago ... you had been poor, but you dreamed to be rich. And one day you become rich. But the funny question is ... do you accept the fact that you became rich?! There are so many people that they were poor and then they became millionaires ... but soon after they lost everything again. So ... they re became poor again. They did not accepted the change. Could not integrate it in their life. When change comes in small steps ... is much easier to accept it as part of our new life. When change comes suddenly ... we need to change our thinking right away ... and dare to see the whole scene of life in different colors. On the paths trough life ... we get lost. We lose all our dreams, one by another ... and we also lose ourselves also. One day ... the idea of change looks illusory and we wonder why we can’t understand the fact that we are never happy anymore. For a beautiful life, no matter if you are 20, 30, 40, 50 or even 60 or 70 ... you just need a plan ... the plan for the change. But the change needs to be a positive one ... and not a collection of silly desires. And if your life is miserable today ... small changes will make almost no difference at all. The change needs to be a process of ... dreaming big no matter what happens in your actual life. But you need to visualize and accept the future ... cause the real change means the break up from your past. You will lose yourself into this process and become a new you ... but if you really want a new you ... you will accept it.

The Illusion of Conscious Will, New Edition

By Daniel M. Wegner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Book Code : 0262344882
  • Total of Pages : 432
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 131
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-conscious-will-new-edition.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A new edition of Wegner's classic and controversial work, arguing that conscious will simply reminds of us the authorship of our actions. Do we consciously cause our actions, or do they happen to us? Philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, theologians, and lawyers have long debated the existence of free will versus determinism. With the publication of The Illusion of Conscious Will in 2002, Daniel Wegner proposed an innovative and provocative answer: the feeling of conscious will is created by the mind and brain; it helps us to appreciate and remember our authorship of the things our minds and bodies do. Yes, we feel that we consciously will our actions, Wegner says, but at the same time, our actions happen to us. Although conscious will is an illusion (“the most compelling illusion”), it serves as a guide to understanding ourselves and to developing a sense of responsibility and morality. Wegner was unable to undertake a second edition of the book before his death in 2013; this new edition adds a foreword by Wegner's friend, the prominent psychologist Daniel Gilbert, and an introduction by Wegner's colleague Thalia Wheatley. Approaching conscious will as a topic of psychological study, Wegner examines cases both when people feel that they are willing an act that they are not doing and when they are not willing an act that they in fact are doing in such phenomena as hypnosis, Ouija board spelling, and dissociative identity disorder. Wegner's argument was immediately controversial (called “unwarranted impertinence” by one scholar) but also compelling. Engagingly written, with wit and clarity, The Illusion of Conscious Will was, as Daniel Gilbert writes in the foreword to this edition, Wegner's “magnum opus.”

The Illusion of Civil Society

By Jon Shefner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penn State Press
  • Book Code : 0271035994
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 160
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-civil-society.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Much has been written about how civil society challenges authoritarian governments and helps lead the way to democratization. These studies show that neoliberal economic policies have harmed many sectors of society, weakening the state and undermining clientelistic relationships that previously provided material benefits to middle- and low-income citizens, who are then motivated to organize coalitions to work for greater social justice and equality. Recognizing this important role played by civil society organizations, Jon Shefner goes further and analyzes the variegated nature of the interests represented in these coalitions, arguing that the differences among civil society actors are at least as important as their similarities in explaining how they function and what success, or lack thereof, they have experienced. Through an ethnographic examination extending over a decade, Shefner tells the story of how a poor community on the urban fringe of Guadalajara mobilized through an organization called the Unión de Colonos Independientes (UCI) to work for economic improvement with the support of Jesuits inspired by liberation theology. Yet Mexico’s successful formal democratic transition, won with the elections in 2000, was followed by the dissolution of the coalition. Neither political access for the urban poor, nor their material well-being, has increased with democratization. The unity and even the concept of civil society has thus turned out to be an illusion.

Marx’s Theory of Money

By F. Moseley
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0230523994
  • Total of Pages : 242
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 904
  • Pdf File: marx-s-theory-of-money.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book provides a contemporary assessment of Marx's theory of money. This theory is often praised as one of Marx's greatest achievements, especially when compared with either classical or neoclassical economics. On the other hand, Marx's theory of money has also been severely criticized, especially that it seems to require that money be a produced commodity. The contributors to the volume provide a wide-ranging and in-depth appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of Marx's theory of money, compared to other theories of money.

THE ILLUSION … OF BEING PART OF AN ILLUSION

By Adrian Gabriel Dumitru
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Adrian Gabriel Dumitru
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 131
  • Category : Self-Help
  • Members : 449
  • Pdf File: the-illusion-of-being-part-of-an-illusion.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Identifying the illusion is not enough. But smiling is sometimes the only … option. You see … when we connect to people, we also connect to their inner worlds. And we see so, so many ideas, emotions, perceptions … such a large spectrum … that we don’t really understand most of the times. Sometimes … we ignore them. Sometimes .. we connect to those universes .. believing they are real and we somehow become part of them. No one ever told us … that we don’t have to believe that something is … real. We could simple look at the image from the front of our eyes … just as we look at a beautiful painting, asking ourselves what is the meaning that the artist had in mind when created that scene?! And now the question is …. who is the artist behind the illusion?! What is the meaning of the illusion?! How do we recognize this illusion if it said that all we see it’s an illusion?! How can we get out of such stories, repeated on and on and on?! Is there any theory that we should know regarding the illusions?! What do we understand seeing and connecting to the human being spectrum?! Well … i simple smile. I used to analyze and define a lot my life and everything that happened around myself, until the day when i realized i am a prisoner … But it was all so weird … cause i was the prisoner, the guardian of the prison, but also the prison itself. I was all … so how could i get rid of that?! And all the time i was remembering … that it’s all and illusion. That is the moment when i had the power to smile again … but being so silly, it all took such a long time to realize it. I was spending my life in a prison with invisible walls, jumping from my illusions to other’s people illusory worlds. I was simple replacing an illusion with another illusion … believing i escaped from the illusion. And still … I was having a weird feeling … that i was living the illusion of being part of an illusion. Each time a new story. And a new one. … and another one.