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Studies on the Crusader States and on Venetian Expansion

By David Jacoby
  • ISBN Code: : 1351789864
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 350
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 805
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : studies-on-the-crusader-states-and-on-venetian-expansion.pdf

Book Excerpt :

This title was first published in 2001. This volume is a sequal to the two published in the Variorum Reprints series,in 1975 and 1979 respectively under the following titles: Société et démographie.

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Latins and Greeks in the Eastern Mediterranean After 1204

By Benjamin Arbel,Bernard Hamilton,David Jacoby
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 113628916X
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : History
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  • Pdf File: latins-and-greeks-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-after-1204.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First published in 1989. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Strangers to Themselves: The Byzantine Outsider

By Dion C. Smythe
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351897799
  • Total of Pages : 279
  • Category : History
  • Members : 216
  • Pdf File: strangers-to-themselves.pdf

Book Short Summary:

March 1998 saw Byzantinists gathering together at the University of Sussex in Brighton, for the annual symposium held by the Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies. Their aim was to consider the question of the 'Byzantine outsider'. Some categories of outsiders appear clear and simple: those marked out by class, race, sex, religion. But these categories are not universals. Today, historians of all periods are examining the ways in which we analyse the divisions in our societies, which can determine how we look at societies in the past. There is no consensus on who forms the 'outsider class' in modern society; it should come as no surprise that there was no consensus in Byzantium as to who the outsiders were, what they had done to deserve that status, and what the result of their attaining it should have been. The papers in this collection, drawn from the large number presented at the XXXII Spring Symposium, continue the debate about the idea of the 'Byzantine outsider'. The scholars within - theologians, historians, literary critics and art historians - present differing approaches to different aspects of the problem. The volume does not aim to have the 'last word', but rather to provoke debate and to open the field. Any examination of society that uses the concept of the outsider has implicitly within it a concept of the 'insider'. By looking at those on the margins it becomes easier to see who were - or at least thought they were - on the inside.

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  • Total of Pages : 820
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  • Pdf File: union-in-separation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Union in Separation presents a series of case studies on diasporic groups in the late medieval and early modern Mediterranean and Black Sea regions. It explores how Armenian, Byzantine/Greek, Florentine, Genoese, Hospitaller, Jewish, Mamluk, and Venetian communities characterized by diasporic identities and inserted into local contexts navigated religious and socio-ethnic boundaries as well as other categories of difference. The volume draws on a wide range of historical and social-scientific methods and offers new perspectives on the arbitration of difference in the wider eastern Mediterranean from Tana to Cairo and Marseille to Isfahan prior to the emergence of nation states. It provides not only an analytical toolbox for historical diaspora studies but also reveals how, under the looming threat of crusade and within the daily routines of trade, diasporic groups and their hosts negotiated modes of coexistence that oscillated between cooperation and conflict, integration and rejection, union and separation.

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Book Short Summary:

The Near East in the era of the Crusades was home to diverse populations Orthodox and Latin Christians, Shia and Sunni Muslims, Jews and Samaritans. It was the meeting-point for Arab, Turkish, Byzantine and Frankish culture, the latter itself a mixture of Western traditions adapted to circumstances in the crusader states by the Europeans who had settled in the Holy Land. While the Crusades have become a synonym for brutality and bigotry, the crusader states represented a positive example of harmonious coexistence across two centuries. Likewise, while scholars from a wide range of disciplines including archaeology, art history, and medicine have shed light on diverse aspects of the crusader states, to date there is no single introductory source that provides a comprehensive overview of these unique states as a starting point for the uninitiated. The Holy Land in the Era of the Crusades aims to fill this gap while correcting common misconceptions by bringing together recent scholarly research on a range of topics to create a comprehensive description. It covers the history, demography, state institutions, foreign policy, economy, art, architecture, and lifestyle of the people who lived in the crusader states in the period from 1100 to 1300. It is organized in two main parts: a chronological historical overview, and a topical discussion of key features of these unique kingdoms. An additional, final chapter describes the rise and fall of the House of Ibelin to give the entire history a human face. The Holy Land in the Era of the Crusades would make an ideal textbook for undergraduates while offering hobby historians an introduction to the crusader states with tips for further research.

Crusader Archaeology

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  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Book Code : 1317479661
  • Total of Pages : 280
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 380
  • Pdf File: crusader-archaeology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Crusader Archaeology examines what life was like for European settlers in the Latin East and how they were influenced by their new-found neighbours. Incorporating recent excavation results and the latest research, this new edition updates the only detailed study of the material culture of the Frankish settlers in Israel, Cyprus, Syria and Jordan. Adrian Boas provides comprehensive coverage of the key topics connected to crusader archaeology, including an examination of urban and rural settlements, agriculture, industry, the military, the church, public and private architecture, arts and crafts, leisure pursuits, death and burial and building techniques. There are also entirely new chapters on domestic architecture and disease, injury and medical treatment. Drawing on the extensive experience of an established writer in the field, Crusader Archaeology effectively combines a broad body of material to introduce readers to the archaeological research of the region. This well-illustrated volume is a crucial survey for all those interested in the Middle Ages, and in particular the Crusades.

The Eastern Mediterranean Frontier of Latin Christendom

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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351891227
  • Total of Pages : 490
  • Category : History
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  • Pdf File: the-eastern-mediterranean-frontier-of-latin-christendom.pdf

Book Short Summary:

By the turn of the millennium, the East Mediterranean region had become a place of foreigners to Latin Christians living in Western Europe. Nevertheless, in the eleventh century numerous Latin Christian pilgrims streamed toward the East and Jerusalem in anticipation of the end times. The Apocalypse did not materialize as some had anticipated, but instead over the course of the next few centuries an expansion of Latin Christendom did. This expansion would transform the political, economic, and cultural landscape of both East and West and alter the course of Mediterranean history. This volume presents 22 critical studies on this crucial period (1000-1500) in the development of the Western expansion into the Eastern Mediterranean. These works deal with economy and trade, migration and colonization, crusade and conquest, military orders, as well as religious diversity and cross-cultural interaction. It includes a bibliography of important works published in Western languages together with an introduction by the editor.

Intercultural Contacts in the Medieval Mediterranean

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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135781885
  • Total of Pages : 352
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  • Pdf File: intercultural-contacts-in-the-medieval-mediterranean.pdf

Book Short Summary:

These essays by medievalists touch upon many aspects of intercultural links in the medieval Mediterranean, covering not only strictly cultural and religious contacts, but also political, military, ethnic, social institutional, scientific and technological relationships.

Crusading and Trading between West and East

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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351390724
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : History
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  • Pdf File: crusading-and-trading-between-west-and-east.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For almost sixty years Professor David Jacoby devoted his research to the economic, social and cultural history of the Eastern Mediterranean and this new collection reflects his impact on the study of the interactions between the Italian city-states, Byzantium, the Latin East and the realm of Islam. Contributors to this volume are prominent scholars from across Medieval Studies and leading historians of the younger generation.

East-West Artistic Transfer through Rome, Armenia and the Silk Road

By Christiane Esche-Ramshorn
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 100043463X
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Art
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  • Pdf File: east-west-artistic-transfer-through-rome-armenia-and-the-silk-road.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book examines the arts and artistic exchanges at the ‘Christian Oriental’ fringes of Europe, especially Armenia. It starts with the architecture, history and inhabitants of the lesser known pilgrim compounds at the Vatican in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, of Hungary, Germany, but namely those of the most ancient of Churches, the Churches of the Christian Orient Ethiopia and Armenia. Without taking an Eurocentric view, this book explores the role of missionaries, merchants, artists (for example Momik, Giotto, Minas, Domenico Veneziano, Duerer), and artefacts (such as fabrics, inscriptions and symbols) travelling into both directions along the western stretch of the Silk Road between Ayas (Cilicia), ancient Armenia and North-western Iran. This area was truly global before globalization, was a site of intense cultural exchanges and East-West cultural transmissions. This book opens a new research window into the culturally mixed landscapes in the Christian Orient, the Middle East and North-eastern Africa by taking into consideration their many indigenous and foreign artistic components and embeds Armenian arts into today’s wider art historical discourse. This book will be of interest to scholars in art history, architectural history, missions, trade, Middle Eastern arts and the arts of the Southern Caucasus.

Pilgrims’ Castle (‘Atlit), David’s Tower (Jerusalem) and Qal‘at ar-Rabad (‘Ajlun)

By C.N. Johns,Denys Pringle
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 0429761341
  • Total of Pages : 398
  • Category : History
  • Members : 784
  • Pdf File: pilgrims-castle.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First published in 1997, this collection includes papers on Crusader-era architecture in Palestine with a focus on ‘Atlit, the castle of ‘Ajlun and on the Citadel of Jerusalem, both the papers and sites of which have previously been difficult to access. The volume is presented partly to repair the very real deficit in the literature on Crusader architecture and partly as a fitting memorial to the author, who died in 1992. ‘Atlit in particular held a special significance for C.N. Johns, being the site of his first major project as a field archaeologist. His Guide to ‘Atlit, a masterly summary of his findings, remains the most complete and comprehensive account of the castle and its suburb. The studies collected here pay tribute to their author’s enduring contribution to the medieval archaeology of the Near East. The first part of the book deals with the ‘Pilgrim’s Castle’, the great Templar fortress and town at ’Atlit. The significance of Johns’ excavations at this site has been relatively neglected, because it remains in a military area, inaccessible to visitors, and because almost the entire stock of his major publication was lost in 1947. This ‘Guide to ’Atlit’, a synthesis of historical, archaeological and architectural research on the monument, is reprinted here together with all the interim reports relating to the medieval period. Also included are Johns’ studies on the Citadel of Jerusalem, the ‘Tower of David’, and on the Islamic castle of ‘Ajlun. Together, they represent a fundamental contribution to the study of the period of the Crusades and to the military architecture of the Middle Ages. The notes by Denys Pringle bring the accounts up to date in the light of recent research.

The Oxford History of the Crusades

By Jonathan Riley-Smith
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191579270
  • Total of Pages : 470
  • Category : History
  • Members : 787
  • Pdf File: the-oxford-history-of-the-crusades.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Written by a team of leading scholars, this fascinating book presents an authoritative and comprehensive history of the Crusades, from the preaching of the First Crusade in 1095 to the legacy of crusading ideas and imagery today. Reflecting the recent developments in crusade historiography, it covers crusading in many different theatres of war. The concepts of apologists, propagandists, song-writers, and poets, and the perceptions and motives of the crusaders themselves are described, as are the emotional and intellectual reactions of the Muslims to Christian holy war. The institutional developments - legal, financial, and structural - which were necessary to the movement's survival - are analysed. Several chapters are devoted to the western settlements established in the eastern Mediterranean region in the wake of the crusades, to the remarkable art and architecture associated with them, and to the military orders. The subject of the later crusades, including the history of the military orders from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries, is given the attention it deserves. And the first steps are taken on to a field that is as yet hardly explored - the survival of the ideas and images of crusading into the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Historical Dictionary of the Crusades

By Corliss K. Slack
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  • Publisher : Scarecrow Press
  • Book Code : 0810878313
  • Total of Pages : 412
  • Category : History
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  • Pdf File: historical-dictionary-of-the-crusades.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The second edition of Historical Dictionary of the Crusades is an accessible one-volume overview of the medieval crusades to the Middle East between 1095 and 1291, with substantial information on crusades in southern France, Italy, Spain, and the Baltics that take the timeline into the 14th century.

Unknown Crusader Castles

By Kristian Molin
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  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 0826432018
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : History
  • Members : 635
  • Pdf File: unknown-crusader-castles.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The capture of Jerusalem by the First Crusade in 1099 signalled the beginning of an armed struggle in Palestine and throughout the Eastern Mediterranean which lasted until the 15th century. It was a war dominated by the building, securing and besieging of castles rather than by pitched battles. Kristian Molin covers the military history of the crusades on a wider geographical scale than previous historians, taking in Armenia, Cyprus and Greece as well as the Holy Land. He also shows the role of castles as administrative, judicial and social centres in times of peace as well as in war. "Unknown Crusader Castles" provides a fresh perspective on the history of the crusades.

Communicating the Middle Ages

By Iris Shagrir,Benjamin Kedar,Michel Balard
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351655914
  • Total of Pages : 278
  • Category : History
  • Members : 538
  • Pdf File: communicating-the-middle-ages.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume is a collection of nineteen original essays by leading specialists on the history, historiography and memory of the Crusades, the social and cultural aspects of life in the Latin East, as well as the military orders and inter-religious relations in the Middle Ages. Intended to appeal to scholars and students alike, the volume honours Professor Sophia Menache of the Department of History, University of Haifa, Israel. The contributions reflect the richness of Professor Menache's research interests - medieval communications, the Church and the Papacy in the central and later Middle Ages, the Crusades and the military orders, as well as the memory and historiography of the Crusades.

Orthodox Cyprus under the Latins, 1191–1571

By Chrysovalantis Kyriacou
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  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Book Code : 1498551165
  • Total of Pages : 354
  • Category : History
  • Members : 962
  • Pdf File: orthodox-cyprus-under-the-latins-1191-1571.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This study examines Cypriot society from the crusader conquest of the island in 1191 to the Ottoman conquest of 1571. The author analyzes the ethnic, cultural, and religious landscape of Cyprus and argues that Cypriots adopted a nonviolent, covert form of anti-Latin resistance.

The Crusades and the Military Orders

By Zsolt Hunyadi,J¢zsef Laszlovszky,Central European University. Dept. of Medieval Studies
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Central European University Press
  • Book Code : 9789639241428
  • Total of Pages : 606
  • Category : History
  • Members : 803
  • Pdf File: the-crusades-and-the-military-orders.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Proceedings of a conference on a theme, the 34 essays by specialists from 15 countries prevent various facets of the struggles waged for the possession of the Holy Land between the 10th and 13th centuries, and of the activities of the military orders elsewhere in Europe.

The Fourth Crusade: Event, Aftermath, and Perceptions

By Thomas F. Madden
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351889451
  • Total of Pages : 208
  • Category : History
  • Members : 293
  • Pdf File: the-fourth-crusade.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Fourth Crusade (1201-1204), launched to restore Jerusalem to Christian control, veered widely off course, finally landing at Constantinople which it conquered and sacked. The effects of the crusade were far-reaching during the Middle Ages and remain powerful even today, which explains the continued vibrancy of its historiography. This volume, based on studies presented at the Sixth Conference of the Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East in Istanbul, Turkey in 2004, represents some of the best new research on this fascinating event. With the "Diversion Question" of the past centuries now largely settled, these studies focus on three aspects of current scholarship: evaluations of the event itself, investigations into the aftermath of the conquest of Constantinople in 1204, and analyses of the evolving perceptions and memories of the event in Europe and the Middle East. Together these essays help to place the Fourth Crusade within the larger context of medieval Mediterranean history as well as larger issues such as agency, accommodation, and memory that inform new aspects of modern historiography.

The Armenian Church of Famagusta and the Complexity of Cypriot Heritage

By Michael J.K. Walsh
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319485024
  • Total of Pages : 369
  • Category : History
  • Members : 610
  • Pdf File: the-armenian-church-of-famagusta-and-the-complexity-of-cypriot-heritage.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book explores seven centuries of change in Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean world through the rise and fall of Famagusta’s medieval Armenian Church. An examination of the complex and its art escorts the reader from the era of the Crusades in Lusignan Cyprus, through the rise and fall of the Venetian, Ottoman and British Empires, to the political stasis of the present day. The Armenian church was a home for displaced villagers during the post-independence era, became a military storage facility post-1974 and eventually fell into abandonment once again. This study represents a pioneering history of the Armenian community in Famagusta and a probing analysis of the art and architecture it left behind. It is also a permanent record of the long-term engagement and commitment of Nanyang Technological University Singapore, the World Monuments Fund, and the Famagusta Municipality to protect this precious site, under extremely challenging circumstances.

The Accursed Tower

By Roger Crowley
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  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Book Code : 1541699726
  • Total of Pages : 272
  • Category : History
  • Members : 918
  • Pdf File: the-accursed-tower.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From a New York Times-bestselling author, a stirring account of the siege of Acre in 1291, when the last Christian stronghold fell to the Muslim army The 1291 siege of Acre was the Alamo of the Christian Crusades -- the final bloody battle for the Holy Land. After a desperate six weeks, the beleaguered citadel surrendered to the Mamluks, bringing an end to Christendom's two-hundred year adventure in the Middle East. In The Accursed Tower, Roger Crowley delivers a lively narrative of the lead-up to the siege and a vivid, blow-by-blow account of the climactic battle. Drawing on extant Arabic sources as well as untranslated Latin documents, he argues that Acre is notable for technical advances in military planning and siege warfare, and extraordinary for its individual heroism and savage slaughter. A gripping depiction of the crusader era told through its dramatic last moments, The Accursed Tower offers an essential new view on a crucial turning point in world history.

Medieval Naval Warfare 1000–1500

By Susan Rose
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134553102
  • Total of Pages : 176
  • Category : History
  • Members : 504
  • Pdf File: medieval-naval-warfare-1000-1500.pdf

Book Short Summary:

How were medieval navies organised, and how did powerful rulers use them? Medieval Naval Warfare, 1000-1500 provides a wealth of information about the strategy and tactics of these early fleets and the extent to which the possibilities of sea power were understood and exploited. This fascinating account brings vividly to life the dangers and difficulties of medieval seafaring. In particular, it reveals the exploits of the Italian city states, England and France and examines: * why fighting occurred at sea * how battles were fought * the logistical back up needed to maintain a fleet * naval battles from the Mediterranean to the North Sea.

The A to Z of the Crusades

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  • Publisher : Scarecrow Press
  • Book Code : 0810863316
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Religion
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  • Pdf File: the-a-to-z-of-the-crusades.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This one-volume overview provides an accessible reference work for scholars, students, and general readers on the period with numerous entries on key persons, places, events, battles and sieges, use of weapons and armor, and the deeper issues of the political and cultural background. Complete with a detailed chronology and a bibliography, this work allows readers to learn how Europe was changed forever by these battles with Islam.

The Medieval Way of War

By Gregory I. Halfond
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317024192
  • Total of Pages : 348
  • Category : History
  • Members : 750
  • Pdf File: the-medieval-way-of-war.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Few historians have argued so forcefully or persuasively as Bernard S. Bachrach for the study of warfare as not only worthy of scholarly attention, but demanding of it. In his many publications Bachrach has established unequivocally the relevance of military institutions and activity for an understanding of medieval European societies, polities, and mentalities. In so doing, as much as any scholar of his generation, he has helped to define the status quaestionis for the field of medieval military history. The Medieval Way of War: Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach pays tribute to its honoree by gathering in a single volume seventeen original studies from an international roster of leading experts in the military history of medieval Europe. Ranging chronologically from Late Antiquity through the Later Middle Ages (ca. AD 300-1500), and with a broad geographical scope stretching from the British Isles to the Middle East, these diverse studies address an array of critical themes and debates relevant to the conduct of war in medieval Europe. These themes include the formation and implementation of military grand strategies; the fiscal, material, and administrative resources that underpinned the conduct of war in medieval Europe; and religious, legal, and artistic responses to military violence. Collectively, these seventeen studies embrace the interdisciplinarity and topical diversity intrinsic to Bachrach’s research. Additionally, they strongly echo his conviction that the study of armed conflict is indispensable for an accurate and comprehensive understanding of medieval European history.

Historical Dictionary of Cyprus

By Farid Mirbagheri
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Scarecrow Press
  • Book Code : 9780810862982
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : History
  • Members : 870
  • Pdf File: historical-dictionary-of-cyprus.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From ancient times to the present, the history of Cyprus is provided in this useful reference, which includes hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on its historical, political, social, cultural, and economic history.

Minority Influences in Medieval Society

By Nora Berend
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000370194
  • Total of Pages : 132
  • Category : History
  • Members : 816
  • Pdf File: minority-influences-in-medieval-society.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book investigates how minorities contributed to medieval society, comparing these contributions to majority society’s perceptions of the minority. In this volume the contributors define ‘minority’ status as based on a group’s relative position in power relations, that is, a group with less power than the dominant group(s). The chapters cover both what modern historians call ‘religious’ and ‘ethnic’ minorities (including, for example, Muslims in Latin Europe, German-speakers in Central Europe, Dutch in England, Jews and Christians in Egypt), but also address contemporary medieval definitions; medieval writers distinguished between ‘believers’ and ‘infidels’, between groups speaking different languages and between those with different legal statuses. The contributors reflect on patterns of influence in terms of what majority societies borrowed from minorities, the ways in which minorities contributed to society, the mechanisms in majority society that triggered positive or negative perceptions, and the function of such perceptions in the dynamics of power. The book highlights structural and situational similarities as well as historical contingency in the shaping of minority influence and majority perceptions. The chapters in this book were originally published as special issue of the Journal of Medieval History.

Shipping, Trade and Crusade in the Medieval Mediterranean

By Ruthy Gertwagen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317055306
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : History
  • Members : 541
  • Pdf File: shipping-trade-and-crusade-in-the-medieval-mediterranean.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The cutting-edge papers in this collection reflect the wide areas to which John Pryor has made significant contributions in the course of his scholarly career. They are written by some of the world's most distinguished practitioners in the fields of Crusading history and the maritime history of the medieval Mediterranean. His colleagues, students and friends discuss questions including ship construction in the fourth and fifteenth centuries, navigation and harbourage in the eastern Mediterranean, trade in Fatimid Egypt and along the Iberian Peninsula, military and social issues arising among the crusaders during field campaigns, and wider aspects of medieval warfare. All those with an interest in any of these subjects, whether students or specialists, will need to consult this book.

Uncommon Dominion

By Sally McKee
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
  • Book Code : 081220381X
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : History
  • Members : 840
  • Pdf File: uncommon-dominion.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From 1211 until its loss to the Ottomans in 1669, the Greek island we know as Crete was the Venetian colony of Candia. Ruled by a paid civil service fully accountable to the Venetian Senate, Candia was distinct from nearly every other colony of the medieval period for the unprecedented degree to which the colonial power was involved in its governance. Yet, for Sally McKee, the importance of the Cretan colony only begins with the anomalous manner of the Venetian state's rule. Uncommon Dominion tells the story of Venetian Crete, the home of two recognizably distinct ethnic communities, the Latins and the Greeks. The application of Venetian law to the colony made it possible for the colonial power to create and maintain a fiction of ethnic distinctness. The Greeks were subordinate to the Latins economically, politically, and juridically, yet within a century of Venetian colonization, the ethnic differences between Latin and Greek Cretans in daily material life were significantly blurred. Members of the groups intermarried, many of them learned each other's language, and some even chose to worship by the rites of the other's church. Holding up ample evidence of acculturation and miscegenation by the colony's inhabitants, McKee uncovers the colonial forces that promoted the persistence of ethnic labeling despite the lack of any clear demarcation between the two predominant communities. As McKee argues, the concept of ethnic identity was largely determined by gender, religion, and social status, especially by the Latin and Greek elites in their complex and frequently antagonistic social relationships. Drawing expertly from notarial and court records, as well as legislative and literary sources, Uncommon Dominion offers a unique study of ethnicity in the medieval and early modern periods. Students and scholars in medieval, colonial, and postcolonial studies will find much of use in studying this remarkable colonial experiment.

The Holy Portolano / Le Portulan sacré

By Michele Bacci,Martin Rohde
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 3110364255
  • Total of Pages : 450
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 265
  • Pdf File: the-holy-portolano-le-portulan-sacré.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In the late Middle Ages, a trans-Mediterranean network of holy sites developed, linked to one another by sea routes. Due to their locations, they stood out as symbolic intersections between the sea, the land, and the heavens. The essays in this volume describe the specific sacred geography of the sanctuaries situated along medieval sea routes and examine their characteristics from the perspectives of history, religion, and art history.

Medieval Cyprus

By Sabine Rogge,Michael Grünbart
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Waxmann Verlag
  • Book Code : 3830983603
  • Total of Pages : 392
  • Category : History
  • Members : 996
  • Pdf File: medieval-cyprus.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In December 2012 a group of scholars met in Münster to present their recent studies on the multifaceted history and culture of medieval Cyprus - and most of the papers presented at that conference are published in this volume. Several deal with the (political) history of the island: the reign of Isaakios Komnenos, the effects of the crusade of King Peter I in 1365, the so-called Ottoman-Venetian war. An overview of the three volumes of the Bullarium Cyprium is given. Aspects of economic life in medieval Cyprus are treated in three papers: organisation, management and economic activities of monastic estates in the Middle Byzantine period, medieval cane sugar production on the island, the commerce between the islands of Cyprus, Majorca and Sardinia. Papers on a major ecclesiastical complex dating from the early 7th century, on Cypriot artefacts of the 13th and 14th centuries used in daily life, on luxury metal objects from the Lusignan period, and on some rather disparate elements of 15th-century architecture in Cyprus give insights into the material culture of medieval Cyprus. Furthermore the topics of settlement patterns and insularity are treated in a paper on the successive relocations of the capital of the island of Cyprus from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages. The book contains papers by Alexander Beihammer, Nicholas Coureas, Peter Edbury, Michael Grünbart, Michalis Olympios, Tassos Papacostas, Maria Parani, K. Scott Parker, Eleni Procopiou, Ulrike Ritzerfeld, Christopher Schabel, Marina Solomidou-Ieronymidou, Myrto Veiko and Joanita Vroom.

The Colonies of Genoa in the Black Sea Region

By Evgeny Khvalkov
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351623060
  • Total of Pages : 444
  • Category : History
  • Members : 327
  • Pdf File: the-colonies-of-genoa-in-the-black-sea-region.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book focuses on the network of the Genoese colonies in the Black Sea area and their diverse multi-ethnic societies. It raises the problems of continuity of the colonial patterns, reveals the importance of the formation of the late medieval / early modern colonialism, the urban demography, and the functioning of the polyethnic entangled society of Caffa in its interaction with the outer world. It offers a novel interpretation of the functioning of this late medieval colonial polyethnic society and rejects the widely accepted narrative portraying the whole history of Caffa of the fifteenth century as a period of constant decline and depopulation.

East Meets West in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times

By Albrecht Classen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Book Code : 3110321513
  • Total of Pages : 827
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 627
  • Pdf File: east-meets-west-in-the-middle-ages-and-early-modern-times.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This new volume explores the surprisingly intense and complex relationships between East and West during the Middle Ages and the early modern world, combining a large number of critical studies representing such diverse fields as literary (German, French, Italian, English, Spanish, and Arabic) and other subdisciplines of history, religion, anthropology, and linguistics. The differences between Islam and Christianity erected strong barriers separating two global cultures, but, as this volume indicates, despite many attempts to 'Other' the opposing side, the premodern world experienced an astonishing degree of contacts, meetings, exchanges, and influences. Scientists, travelers, authors, medical researchers, chroniclers, diplomats, and merchants criss-crossed the East and the West, or studied the sources produced by the other culture for many different reasons. As much as the theoretical concept of 'Orientalism' has been useful in sensitizing us to the fundamental tensions and conflicts separating both worlds at least since the eighteenth century, the premodern world did not quite yet operate in such an ideological framework. Even though the Crusades had violently pitted Christians against Muslims, there were countless contacts and a palpitable curiosity on both sides both before, during, and after those religious warfares.

Medieval Cities

By Henri Pirenne
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Book Code : 1400851203
  • Total of Pages : 208
  • Category : History
  • Members : 365
  • Pdf File: medieval-cities.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Nearly a century after it was first published in 1925, Medieval Cities remains one of the most provocative works of medieval history ever written. Here, Henri Pirenne argues that it was not the invasion of the Germanic tribes that destroyed the civilization of antiquity, but rather the closing of Mediterranean trade by Arab conquest in the seventh century. The consequent interruption of long-distance commerce accelerated the decline of the ancient cities of Europe. Pirenne challenges conventional wisdom by attributing the origins of medieval cities to the revival of trade, tracing their growth from the tenth century to the twelfth. He also describes the important role the middle class played in the development of the modern economic system and modern culture. Featuring a new introduction by Michael McCormick, this Princeton Classics edition of Medieval Cities is essential reading for all students of medieval European history.