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Prescribing Our Future

By Diane M. Bartells,Bonnie LeRoy
  • ISBN Code: : 1351328581
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 186
  • Category : Medical
  • Reads : 157
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : prescribing-our-future.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Genetic counselors translate the findings of scientific investigation into meaningful accounts that enable individuals and families to make decisions about their lives. This collection of original papers explores the history, values, and norms of that process, with some focus on the value of nondirectiveness in counseling practice. The contributors; examination of genetic counseling issues serves as a foundation from which to address other ethical, legal, and policy considerations in the expanding universe of clinical genetics.

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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 0387721754
  • Total of Pages : 152
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  • Pdf File: lessons-learned.pdf

Book Short Summary:

No one wants to be sued. A lawsuit is an assault on one’s self-image, reputation, and livelihood. It is physically, mentally, and financially draining. The purpose of this book is (1) to provide genetic counselors with varying levels of experience and expertise with heightened awareness of the sources and processes of the law as it can affect their practice; (2) to offer them strategies for minimizing the potential for their being named in a lawsuit; and (3) to provide guidance for the management of current and emerging situations. This is the first book specifically addressing genetic counseling, as opposed to general healthcare risk management.

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  • Book Code : 3642584861
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  • Pdf File: the-new-genetics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
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  • Pdf File: politics-of-heredity-the.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Explores the political forces underlying shifts in thinking about the respective influence of heredity and environment in shaping human behavior, and the feasibility and morality of eugenics.

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Book Short Summary:

Experienced family doctor Ray Strand writes his patients prescriptions every week, but he also believes that prescribing drugs should be a last resort in most medical cases-not a first choice. In Death by Prescription he provides simple guidelines to help readers protect themselves and their families from suffering adverse reactions to prescription medication.

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Book Short Summary:

The Future of Nursing explores how nurses' roles, responsibilities, and education should change significantly to meet the increased demand for care that will be created by health care reform and to advance improvements in America's increasingly complex health system. At more than 3 million in number, nurses make up the single largest segment of the health care work force. They also spend the greatest amount of time in delivering patient care as a profession. Nurses therefore have valuable insights and unique abilities to contribute as partners with other health care professionals in improving the quality and safety of care as envisioned in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted this year. Nurses should be fully engaged with other health professionals and assume leadership roles in redesigning care in the United States. To ensure its members are well-prepared, the profession should institute residency training for nurses, increase the percentage of nurses who attain a bachelor's degree to 80 percent by 2020, and double the number who pursue doctorates. Furthermore, regulatory and institutional obstacles -- including limits on nurses' scope of practice -- should be removed so that the health system can reap the full benefit of nurses' training, skills, and knowledge in patient care. In this book, the Institute of Medicine makes recommendations for an action-oriented blueprint for the future of nursing.

The Janus Face of Prenatal Diagnostics

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  • Publisher : Routledge
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  • Total of Pages : 460
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  • Pdf File: the-janus-face-of-prenatal-diagnostics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Coping with modern technology in the life sciences (biology and medicine) became a major issue for people living in the Twentieth Century, and continues to be so in the present century. Biotechnology creates new opportunities and possibilities, but also new dangers, risks, and ethical concerns. In this volume, ethical dilemmas in the context of a specific biomedical technology are discussed. Experts in ethics, philosophy, psychoanalysis, and medicine jointly investigated a field of prenatal and genetic research that seems particularly challenging: prenatal diagnostics. The new and innovative interdisciplinary dialogue on this topic that is presented in this volume offers a deeper understanding of the ethical dilemmas raised by prenatal and genetic diagnostics, and explores ways to support couples in this extremely difficult situation.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 9780199747740
  • Total of Pages : 320
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  • Members : 785
  • Pdf File: psychosocial-genetic-counseling.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Psychosocial issues are integral to all genetic counseling interactions. They include counselees' beliefs about the cause of birth defects and genetic disorders, the cognitive procession of medical information and risk figures, emotions such as anxiety and guilt, and the complex process of decision making. Drawing on direct clinical experience and the growing body of relevant literature, Psychosocial Genetic Counseling provides a comprehensive, integrated approach to understanding these issues and their applications to genetic counseling. The book combines theoretical and practical approaches, including many clinical vignettes and examples of dialogue. It is written in an engaging style that conveys the emotional immediacy of genetic counseling. The emotional and social effects of genetic disorders are discussed with reference to the individual and to couple, family, and social interactions. Counseling techniques and the agenda of the genetic counseling session are then addressed in detail. Specialized aspects of prenatal diagnosis counseling, cancer risk counseling, and genetic counseling with children and adolescents are integrated with these general principles. Nondirective counseling and the psychology of risk interpretation and decision making are discussed from theoretical and historical perspectives, leading to recommendations for their application to clinical practice. The influences of ethnocultural history, beliefs and practices, for counselee and counselor, are then discussed as they enter into all aspects of genetic counseling.

Genetic Counseling

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351517953
  • Total of Pages : 206
  • Category : Medical
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  • Pdf File: genetic-counseling.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Genetic counseling is fairly new. The fact that the field is an accepted professional enterprise in universities, clinics, and hospitals throughout the United States is remarkable. The contributors argue that genetics and medicine rest on beliefs widely held in American society. Scientific progress is good, and highly sophisticated technologies are appropriate means to solving medical problems. The better understanding they gain about the nature and evolution of disease, the more prepared clinicians will be to treat and prevent future occurrence of disease. A belief that medicine, including genetic medicine, is clear, factually based, and objective undergirds the strategies and norms of genetic counseling. This collection of original papers explores the history, values, and norms of that process, with focus on the value of non-directiveness in counseling practice. The contributors' examination of genetic counseling issues serves as a foundation from which to address the ethical, legal, and policy considerations of clinical genetics.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000214443
  • Total of Pages : 228
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  • Pdf File: big-data-a-new-medium.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Drawing on a range of methods from across science and technology studies, digital humanities and digital arts, this book presents a comprehensive view of the big data phenomenon. Big data architectures are increasingly transforming political questions into technical management by determining classificatory systems in the social, educational, and healthcare realms. Data, and their multiple arborisations, have become new epistemic landscapes. They have also become new existential terrains. The fundamental question is: can big data be seen as a new medium in the way photography or film were when they first appeared? No new medium is ever truly new. It’s always remediation of older media. What is new is the medium’s re-articulation of the difference between here and there, before and after, yours and mine, knowable and unknowable, possible and impossible. This transdisciplinary volume, incorporating cultural and media theory, art, philosophy, history, and political philosophy is a key resource for readers interested in digital humanities, cultural, and media studies.

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  • Pdf File: the-ethics-of-the-new-eugenics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Strategies or decisions aimed at affecting, in a manner considered to be positive, the genetic heritage of a child in the context of human reproduction are increasingly being accepted in contemporary society. As a result, unnerving similarities between earlier selection ideology so central to the discredited eugenic regimes of the 20th century and those now on offer suggest that a new era of eugenics has dawned. The time is ripe, therefore, for considering and evaluating from an ethical perspective both current and future selection practices. This inter-disciplinary volume blends research from embryology, genetics, philosophy, sociology, psychology, and history. In so doing, it constructs a thorough picture of the procedures emerging from today’s reproductive developments, including a rigorous ethical argumentation concerning the possible advantages and risks related to the new eugenics.

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  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • Book Code : 141281801X
  • Total of Pages : 184
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  • Pdf File: between-rationality-and-irrationality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Jewish Scriptural interpretation entails a potential therapeutic bridge between the rational-material and the irrational-mystic in the world of psychotherapy. "PaRDeS," as this system is known, is derived from the following concepts. "P" denotes "peshat," the plain interpretation of the text, which translates into a rational interpretation of life. "R" symbolizes "remez," hinting at a related religious concept, which becomes a symbolic view of life. "D" stands for "derash," the homiletic way of interpreting a text, or a narrative reading of life. And "S" represents "sod," or the mystery behind an idea, which in psychological terms becomes a mystic understanding of life. Mordechai Rotenberg believes that it is by engaging readings in a "dialogue" with each other, as in the Jewish hermeneutic tradition, the psychology underlying one's existence may be more readily understood. While Rotenberg acknowledges that it is legitimate to focus on one cognitive-rational or one narrative-storytelling therapeutic method in the course of therapy, he argues that a comprehensive theory of psychotherapy should include treatment possibilities for both rational and irrational manifestations of behavior, thereby engulfing all aspects of human behavior. For Rotenberg, a person's life becomes the "text," subject to being read and interpreted. If that person wishes to change his or her behavior via psychotherapy, then a hermeneutic system must be employed to understand that person's life. However, many systems interpret a person's life according to the particular theory espoused by the therapist. Rotenberg, in contrast, introduces a balanced theory bridging the rational and the irrational. "Between Rationality and Irrationality" emphasizes that it is more important for a therapist to learn his client's own "language" than to impose his own doctrinaire interpretation. This edition includes a new introduction by the author, as well as an appendix explicating an original psychological interpretation of "PaRDeS"

The Ethics of Reproductive Genetics

By Marta Soniewicka
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319606840
  • Total of Pages : 257
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 373
  • Pdf File: the-ethics-of-reproductive-genetics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is aimed at analyzing the foundations of medical ethics by considering different moral theories and their implications for judgments in clinical practice and policy-making. It provides a review of the major types of ethical theory that can be applied to medical and bioethical issues concerning reproductive genetics. In response to the debate on the most adequate ethical doctrine to guide biomedical decisions, this book formulates views that capture the best elements in each, bearing in mind their differences and taking into account the specific character of medicine. No historically influential position in ethics is by itself adequate to be applied to reproductive decisions. Thus, this book attempts to offer a pluralistic approach to biomedical research and medical practice. One usually claims that there are some basic principles (non-maleficence, beneficence, confidentiality, autonomy, and justice) which constitute the foundations of bioethics and medical ethics. Yet these principles conflict with each other and one needs some criteria to solve these conflicts and to specify the scope of application of these principles. Exploring miscellaneous ethical approaches as introduced to biomedicine, particularly to reproductive genetics, the book shall elucidate their different assumptions concerning human nature and the relations between healthcare providers, recipients, and other affected parties (e.g. progeny, relatives, other patients, society). The book attempts to answer the question of whether the tension between these ethical doctrines generates conflict in the field of biomedicine or if these competing approaches could in some way complement each other. In this respect, lecturers and researchers in bioethics would be interested in this reading this book.

The Role of Telehealth in an Evolving Health Care Environment

By Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 0309262054
  • Total of Pages : 158
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 759
  • Pdf File: the-role-of-telehealth-in-an-evolving-health-care-environment.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In 1996, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released its report Telemedicine: A Guide to Assessing Telecommunications for Health Care. In that report, the IOM Committee on Evaluating Clinical Applications of Telemedicine found telemedicine is similar in most respects to other technologies for which better evidence of effectiveness is also being demanded. Telemedicine, however, has some special characteristics-shared with information technologies generally-that warrant particular notice from evaluators and decision makers. Since that time, attention to telehealth has continued to grow in both the public and private sectors. Peer-reviewed journals and professional societies are devoted to telehealth, the federal government provides grant funding to promote the use of telehealth, and the private technology industry continues to develop new applications for telehealth. However, barriers remain to the use of telehealth modalities, including issues related to reimbursement, licensure, workforce, and costs. Also, some areas of telehealth have developed a stronger evidence base than others. The Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA) sponsored the IOM in holding a workshop in Washington, DC, on August 8-9 2012, to examine how the use of telehealth technology can fit into the U.S. health care system. HRSA asked the IOM to focus on the potential for telehealth to serve geographically isolated individuals and extend the reach of scarce resources while also emphasizing the quality and value in the delivery of health care services. This workshop summary discusses the evolution of telehealth since 1996, including the increasing role of the private sector, policies that have promoted or delayed the use of telehealth, and consumer acceptance of telehealth. The Role of Telehealth in an Evolving Health Care Environment: Workshop Summary discusses the current evidence base for telehealth, including available data and gaps in data; discuss how technological developments, including mobile telehealth, electronic intensive care units, remote monitoring, social networking, and wearable devices, in conjunction with the push for electronic health records, is changing the delivery of health care in rural and urban environments. This report also summarizes actions that the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) can undertake to further the use of telehealth to improve health care outcomes while controlling costs in the current health care environment.

The Political Geographies of Pregnancy

By Laura R. Woliver
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Illinois Press
  • Book Code : 0252092945
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 420
  • Pdf File: the-political-geographies-of-pregnancy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

As reproductive power finds its way into the hands of medical professionals, lobbyists, and policymakers, the geographies of pregnancy are shifting, and the boundaries need to be redrawn, argues Laura R. Woliver. Across a politically charged backdrop of reproductive issues, Woliver exposes strategies that claim to uphold the best interests of children, families, and women but in reality complicate women's struggles to have control over their own bodies. Utilizing feminist standpoint theory and promoting a feminist ethic of care, Woliver looks at the ways modern reproductive politics are shaped by long-standing debates on abortion and adoption, surrogacy arrangements, new reproductive technologies, medical surveillance, and the mapping of the human genome.

The Innovator's Prescription: A Disruptive Solution for Health Care

By Clayton Christensen,Jerome H. Grossman,Jason D. Hwang
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • Book Code : 9780071592093
  • Total of Pages : 496
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 869
  • Pdf File: the-innovator-s-prescription.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A groundbreaking prescription for health care reform--from a legendary leader in innovation . . . Our health care system is in critical condition. Each year, fewer Americans can afford it, fewer businesses can provide it, and fewer government programs can promise it for future generations. We need a cure, and we need it now. Harvard Business School’s Clayton M. Christensen—whose bestselling The Innovator’s Dilemma revolutionized the business world—presents The Innovator’s Prescription, a comprehensive analysis of the strategies that will improve health care and make it affordable. Christensen applies the principles of disruptive innovation to the broken health care system with two pioneers in the field—Dr. Jerome Grossman and Dr. Jason Hwang. Together, they examine a range of symptoms and offer proven solutions. YOU’LL DISCOVER HOW “Precision medicine” reduces costs and makes good on the promise of personalized care Disruptive business models improve quality, accessibility, and affordability by changing the way hospitals and doctors work Patient networks enable better treatment of chronic diseases Employers can change the roles they play in health care to compete effectively in the era of globalization Insurance and regulatory reforms stimulate disruption in health care

Reproductive Ethics

By Lisa Campo-Engelstein,Paul Burcher
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319526308
  • Total of Pages : 176
  • Category : Health & Fitness
  • Members : 199
  • Pdf File: reproductive-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book summarizes the contributions at an April 2016 conference held at Albany Medical College, Reproductive Ethics: New Challenges and Conversations. Reproductive ethics does not suffer from a lack of challenging issues, yet a few "hot button" issues such as abortion and surrogacy seem to attract most of the attention, while other issues and dilemmas remain relatively underdeveloped in bioethics literature. The goal of this book is to explore and expand the range of topics addressed in reproductive ethics. This is a multi-disciplinary book bringing together philosophers, clinicians, sociologists, anthropologists, and other scholars whose research or clinical interests touch reproductive issues. The results of this compilation are a comprehensive and unique discussion of the evolving issues in the rapidly changing field. The majority of the popular reproductive ethics anthologies were published at least 10 years ago. The field of reproductive ethics would benefit from a new anthology that addresses some of the perennial dilemmas in reproductive ethics (e.g. abortion, sex selection) from updated perspectives and that also covers new technologies that have emerged only in the last few years, such as social egg freezing.

Medical Technologies and the Life World

By Sonia Olin Lauritzen,Lars-Christer Hyden
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134219989
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 164
  • Pdf File: medical-technologies-and-the-life-world.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Although the use of new health technologies in healthcare and medicine is generally seen as beneficial, there has been little analysis of the impact of such technologies on people’s lives and understandings of health and illness. This ground-breaking book explores how new technologies not only provide hope for cure and well-being, but also introduce new ethical dilemmas and raise questions about the 'natural' body. Focusing on the ways new health technologies intervene into our lives and affect our ideas about normalcy, the body and identity, Medical Technologies and the Life World explores: how new health technologies are understood by lay people and patients how the outcomes of these technologies are communicated in various clinical settings how these technologies can alter our notions of health and illness and create ‘new illness’. Written by authors with differing backgrounds in phenomenology, social psychology, social anthropology, communication studies and the nursing sciences, this sensational text is essential reading for students and academics of medical sociology, health and allied studies, and anyone with an interest in new health technologies.

Prenatal Testing and Disability Rights

By Erik Parens,Adrienne Asch
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Book Code : 9781589013940
  • Total of Pages : 392
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 364
  • Pdf File: prenatal-testing-and-disability-rights.pdf

Book Short Summary:

As prenatal tests proliferate, the medical and broader communities perceive that such testing is a logical extension of good prenatal care—it helps parents have healthy babies. But prenatal tests have been criticized by the disability rights community, which contends that advances in science should be directed at improving their lives, not preventing them. Used primarily to decide to abort a fetus that would have been born with mental or physical impairments, prenatal tests arguably reinforce discrimination against and misconceptions about people with disabilities. In these essays, people on both sides of the issue engage in an honest and occasionally painful debate about prenatal testing and selective abortion. The contributors include both people who live with and people who theorize about disabilities, scholars from the social sciences and humanities, medical geneticists, genetic counselors, physicians, and lawyers. Although the essayists don't arrive at a consensus over the disability community's objections to prenatal testing and its consequences, they do offer recommendations for ameliorating some of the problems associated with the practice.

Abortion

By Belinda Bennett
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351961241
  • Total of Pages : 584
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 965
  • Pdf File: abortion.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Abortion remains one of the most complex and controversial issues in contemporary law and bioethics. This volume draws together key essays from leading scholars on the ethical and regulatory aspects of abortion. The essays explore the complex issues of personhood, prenatal life and reproductive rights, international perspectives on the regulation of abortion, health professionals and the provision of abortion services, and prenatal diagnosis and abortion. This volume will be an invaluable tool for all those interested in this challenging area.

Ethical Issues in the New Genetics

By Michael Parker
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351765833
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 187
  • Pdf File: ethical-issues-in-the-new-genetics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This title was first published in 2003.Developments in genetic science are opening up new possibilities for human beings; both the creation and the shaping of human life are now possible in the laboratory. As these techniques develop, questions are increasingly asked about how far everything that is scientifically possible should - morally, legally and socially - be pursued. Whilst much attention and policy-making has focussed on the development of regulation of technologies affecting human reproduction, regulation where plants and animals are concerned is much more limited. In this book, developments in genetics are addressed in the broad sense by an international range of contributors. This includes not only issues such as eugenics and the modification of the human embryo, but also the genetic modification of plants and animals in the pursuit of commerce, agriculture and biomedical research.  This book is published in association with the Society for Applied Philosophy

Normative and Pragmatic Dimensions of Genetic Counseling

By Joseph B. Fanning
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 331944929X
  • Total of Pages : 151
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 371
  • Pdf File: normative-and-pragmatic-dimensions-of-genetic-counseling.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book provides an elaboration and evaluation of the dominant conceptions of genetic counseling as they are accounted for in three different models: the teaching model; the psychotherapeutic model; and the responsibility model. The elaboration of these models involves an identification of the larger traditions, visions and theories of communication that underwrite them; the evaluation entails an assessment of each model’s theses and ultimately a comparison of their adequacy in response to two important concerns in genetic counseling: the contested values of non-directiveness and the recognition of differences across perspectives, with special focus on how religious and spiritual beliefs of patients are coordinated with the networks of meaning in genetics. Several insights are made explicit in this project through the work of Robert Brandom. Brandom’s deontic scorekeeping model demonstrates how dialogue is at the root of grasping a conceptual content. Against this backdrop, professional communications such as genetic counseling can be seen as late developments in linguistic practices that have structural challenges. Brandom’s model reminds us that the professional needs the client’s understanding to grasp conceptual content in a particular context.

Nurse Prescribing in Mental Health

By Adrian Jones
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 9781444311617
  • Total of Pages : 216
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 805
  • Pdf File: nurse-prescribing-in-mental-health.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Nurse Prescribing in Mental health is a practical handbook for mental health nurses who are being training, have aspirations to train or who are trained in nurse prescribing. It introduces the reader to the different types of nurse prescribing and how they can be used in practice, now and in the future and reflects on the myriad of issues that are facing novice and experienced nurse prescribers. These include inter-professional relationships, team work, ethical and legal issues, governance and patient safety. The text goes on to explore the different types of medicines commonly prescribed for major disease groups and will help nurse prescribers to understand the practical application of prescribing as seen in clinical practice. Key features: Outlines the principles of prescribing and pharmacology as applied to mental health nursing Running through all of the chapters is a review of relevant nurse prescribing research and evidence that supports general prescribing practice with a direct application to clinical practice in mental health settings. Evidenced based Accessible, with case studies and scenarios in each chapter

Mutating Concepts, Evolving Disciplines: Genetics, Medicine, and Society

By L.S. Parker,Rachel A. Ankeny
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 940100269X
  • Total of Pages : 333
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 875
  • Pdf File: mutating-concepts-evolving-disciplines.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume employs philosophical and historical perspectives to shed light on classic social, ethical, and philosophical issues raised with renewed urgency against the backdrop of the mapping of the human genome. Philosophers and historians of science and medicine, ethicists, and those interested in the reciprocal influence of science and other cultural practices will find the arguments and observations offered fascinating and indispensable.

The Fountain of Youth

By Stephen G. Post,Robert H. Binstock
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0198038046
  • Total of Pages : 496
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 921
  • Pdf File: the-fountain-of-youth.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A wide variety of ambitions and measures to slow, stop, and reverse phenomena associated with aging have been part of human culture since early civilization. From alchemy to cell injections to dietary supplements, the list of techniques aimed at altering the processes of aging continues to expand. Charlatans, quacks, and entrpreneurs proffering anti-aging products and practices have always exploited uniformed customers and instilled doubt and apprehension toward practices intended to extend life. Recently, however, the pursuit of longevity has developed into a respectable scientific activity. Many biologists are substantially funded by the government and the private sector to conduct research that they believe will lead to effective anti-aging interventions. While many embrace this quest for "prolongevity"--extended youth and long life--others fear its consequences. If effective anti-aging interventions were achieved, they would likely bring about profound alterations in the experiences of individual and collective life. What if aging could be decelerated to the extent that both average life expectancy and maximum life span would increase by forty percent? What if all humans could live to be centenarians, free of the chronic diseases and disabilities now commonly associated with old age? What if modern scientists could find the modern equivalent to the Fountain of Youth that Ponce de Leon sought? This book addresses these questions by exploring the ramifications of possible anti-aging interventions on both individual and collective life. Through a series of essays, it examines the biomedical goal of prolongevity from cultural, scientific, religious, and ethical perspectives, offering a sweeping view into the future of aging.

The Politics of Life Itself

By Nikolas Rose
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Book Code : 1400827507
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 862
  • Pdf File: the-politics-of-life-itself.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For centuries, medicine aimed to treat abnormalities. But today normality itself is open to medical modification. Equipped with a new molecular understanding of bodies and minds, and new techniques for manipulating basic life processes at the level of molecules, cells, and genes, medicine now seeks to manage human vital processes. The Politics of Life Itself offers a much-needed examination of recent developments in the life sciences and biomedicine that have led to the widespread politicization of medicine, human life, and biotechnology. Avoiding the hype of popular science and the pessimism of most social science, Nikolas Rose analyzes contemporary molecular biopolitics, examining developments in genomics, neuroscience, pharmacology, and psychopharmacology and the ways they have affected racial politics, crime control, and psychiatry. Rose analyzes the transformation of biomedicine from the practice of healing to the government of life; the new emphasis on treating disease susceptibilities rather than disease; the shift in our understanding of the patient; the emergence of new forms of medical activism; the rise of biocapital; and the mutations in biopower. He concludes that these developments have profound consequences for who we think we are, and who we want to be.

Genetic Testing

By Neil F. Sharpe,Ronald F. Carter
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 0471748889
  • Total of Pages : 544
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 111
  • Pdf File: genetic-testing.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A complete review of the issues with specific recommendations andguidelines. With over 1,000 tests commercially available, genetic testing isrevolutionizing medicine. Health care professionals diagnosing andtreating patients today must consider genetic factors, the risksand limitations of genetic testing, and the relevant law. GeneticTesting: Care, Consent, and Liability offers the only complete,practical treatment of the genetic, clinical, ethical, and legalissue surrounding genetic testing. The authors present protocols,policies, and models of care that are currently in use, and explainthe legal framework for genetic testing and counseling that hasdeveloped in North America, particularly with regard to the law ofmedical malpractice. This essential book features an international roster of esteemedcontributors including, Nancy P. Callanan, Bonnie S. LeRoy, CaroleH. Browner, H. Mabel Preloran, Riyana Babul-Hirji, Cheryl Shuman,M.J. Esplen, Maren T. Scheuner, Dena S. Davis, JonBeckwith, LisaGeller, Mark A. Hall, Andrew R. MacRae, David Chitayat, RoxanneMykitiuk, Stephanie Turnham, Mireille Lacroix, Jinger G, Hoop,Edwin H, Cook, Jr., S. H. Dinwiddie, Elliot S. Gershon, C. AnthonyRupar, Lynn Holt, Bruce R. Korf, Anne Summers, S. Annie Adams,Daniel L. Van Dyke, Rhett P. Ketterling, Erik C. Thorland, TimothyCaulfield, Lorraine Sheremeta, Richard Gold, Jon F. Merz, DavidCastle, Peter J. Bridge, JS Parboosingh, Patricia T. Kelly,Julianne M. O'Daniel, Allyn McConkie-Rosell, Beatrice Godard,Bartha Maria Knoppers, David Weisbrot. The coverage also includes: * Genetic screening, including prenatal, neonatal, carrier, andsusceptibility testing * Diagnosis, risk assessment, confidentiality, and clinical/legalissues related to follow-up * Interpreting test results and communicating them topatients * psychological considerations * Informed consent * Family history evaluations * Referral to medical geneticists and genetic counselors Genetic Testing Care, Consent, and Liability is a must-haveresource for clinical geneticists, genetic counselors, specialists,family physicians, nurses, public health professionals, and medicalstudents.

Doing the Right Thing

By John R. Peteet
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Book Code : 9781585627196
  • Total of Pages : 144
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 182
  • Pdf File: doing-the-right-thing.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Here is the first practical guide for dealing with the moral issues that regularly confront clinicians in their work. Written for all mental health professionals, Doing the Right Thing: An Approach to Moral Issues in Mental Health Treatment offers a framework both for making moral decisions concerning the treatment of patients and for helping patients deal with their own moral concerns. Drawing on current thinking in several disciplines, Doing the Right Thing introduces the concept of moral functioning as a basis for therapeutic influence. Numerous case examples illustrate how to Assess patients' ability to function morally -- Learn how six basic capacities needed for moral functioning develop, and how identifying problems in an individual's moral functioning can help guide the formulation of a treatment plan. Treat patients with problems functioning morally -- Appreciate when it is time to set aside neutrality as a therapeutic stance in favor of a more direct approach to helping patients make moral commitments, decisions and self-assessments and develop moral character. Deal with the moral aspects of clinical decision-making -- Develop a framework for making moral choices in planning the direction of treatment, confronting resistance and addressing problems in caring effectively. Help patients address moral challenges -- Learn how to take into account your own and the patient's values in reasoning through moral dilemmas. Understand more clearly how to help patients deal with unfair pain caused by others, as well as the guilt and shame caused by their own moral failures. Employ the therapeutic potential of moral growth, transformation, and integration -- Discover the role of a clinician in helping demoralized patients reformulate their ideals for better outcomes. Recognize where a moral paradigm is useful in improving the delivery of mental health care. Concise, clear, and clinically relevant, Doing the Right Thing is a valuable, thought-provoking guide for both new and seasoned mental health practitioners who live and work in a morally complex environment. It is also an excellent supplementary text for courses dealing with the practice of psychotherapy and the ethical aspects of mental health care.

Genetic Counseling Practice

By Bonnie S. LeRoy, MS,Patricia M. Veach, PhD,Dianne M. Bartels, PhD
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 111821059X
  • Total of Pages : 428
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 742
  • Pdf File: genetic-counseling-practice.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The first advanced-level genetics counseling skills resource As genetic medicine and testing continue to expand, so the roleof the genetic counselor is transforming and evolving. GeneticCounseling Practice: Advanced Concepts and Skills is the firsttext to address ways that genetic counselors can deepen theirskills to meet expanding practice demands. This timely resource notonly helps readers further develop their abilities to gatherrelevant data and interpret it for patients, it also aids them insurpassing their usual role by truly understanding patientsituations, incorporating patient values into clinical practice,providing in-depth support, and facilitating thoroughly informed,autonomous decisions. Edited by an expert cross-disciplinary team consisting of agenetic counseling program director, a licensed psychologist, and anurse/bioethicist/family social scientist, this authoritativereference provides specific and detailed instruction in addressingpsychosocial aspects of genetic counseling practice andprofessional development and training issues of geneticcounselors. Provides a process view of genetic counselor serviceprovision; i.e., skills that promote desired genetic counselingoutcomes are emphasized (such as relationship skills, patientcharacteristics, client behaviors, and extra-clinical skills) Includes experiential activities in every chapter to helpreaders apply concepts and skills Draws on the experience of widely recognized experts in geneticcounseling theory, practice, and research, who serve as chapterauthors Features numerous specific, real-life examples from clinicalpractice Genetic Counseling Practice addresses issues relevant topracticing genetic counselors as well as students of geneticcounseling programs. In addition, oncology nurses, social workers,and psychologists working with genetic counseling patients andfamilies; medical geneticists and physicians training in the field;and physician assistants will also benefit from this resource.

Counseling Pregnancy, Politics, and Biomedicine

By Patricia Elyse Terrell
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135023700
  • Total of Pages : 348
  • Category : Family & Relationships
  • Members : 655
  • Pdf File: counseling-pregnancy-politics-and-biomedicine.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Examine the impact and importance reproduction and genetics have on religious values Counseling Pregnancy, Politics, and Biomedicine: Empowering Discernment explains the mystery of the God-human relationship so ministers, priests, and pastors can follow the ethics and mechanics of counseling human reproductive health and be informed on issues of religion, medical experimentation, and politics. The unique book is a teaching text and a desktop reference for clergypersons and pastoral care ministers, providing them with information on the sensitive and intimate topic of reproductive health from a Christian worldview so they can advise and empower congregation members to make thoughtful decisions about health care. Counseling Pregnancy, Politics, and Biomedicine examines four disciplines through a Christian point of view: 1) religion based on humanity created in the image of God; 2) different varieties of ethics; 3) systems of law and politics; and 4) philosophies on experimental medicines. Each topic is grounded with its religious background, providing a practical, easy-to-follow path for Christian thinkers. The book also addresses the concerns a religious person might have about health and ministry, what genetic therapy can accomplish, the alternatives to genetic therapy, and how theology, ethics, law, and medicine apply to the issues expectant mothers face. Counseling Pregnancy, Politics, and Biomedicine examines: the major points in recognized ethical theories how Christian principles became part of secular law over time the legal dilemmas involved in protecting the health of pregnant women how and why palliative care is a viable alternative to modern therapies the politics and morality of terminating a pregnancy how to protect women from becoming research “instruments” the moral status of the embryo and much more Counseling Pregnancy, Politics, and Biomedicine explains God’s desire for good health by identifying ways in which Jesus is the example of what it means for every person to be “created in the image of God.” The book is a vital resource for clergypersons and pastoral care ministers.

Telling Genes

By Alexandra Minna Stern
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Book Code : 1421406675
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 426
  • Pdf File: telling-genes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For sixty years genetic counselors have served as the messengers of important information about the risks, realities, and perceptions of genetic conditions. More than 2,500 certified genetic counselors in the United States work in clinics, community and teaching hospitals, public health departments, private biotech companies, and universities. Telling Genes considers the purpose of genetic counseling for twenty-first century families and society and places the field into its historical context. Genetic counselors educate physicians, scientific researchers, and prospective parents about the role of genetics in inherited disease. They are responsible for reliably translating test results and technical data for a diverse clientele, using scientific acumen and human empathy to help people make informed decisions about genomic medicine. Alexandra Minna Stern traces the development of genetic counseling from the eugenics movement of the early twentieth century to the current era of human genomics. Drawing from archival records, patient files, and oral histories, Stern presents the fascinating story of the growth of genetic counseling practices, principles, and professionals. -- Troy Duster, Chancellor'

Encyclopedia Of Reproductive Technologies

By Annette Burfoot
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 0429721633
  • Total of Pages : 424
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 758
  • Pdf File: encyclopedia-of-reproductive-technologies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This collection of encyclopedic entries provides a broad-based appreciation of new reproductive technologies that includes accessible technological descriptions and their historical and social contexts. The collection is divided into five thematic areas: Theories of Reproduction Ancient to Contemporary; Early Reproductive Technologies; Post-War De