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Overshoot

By William R. Catton
  • ISBN Code: : 0252098005
  • Publisher : University of Illinois Press
  • Pages : 320
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 342
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : overshoot.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Our day-to-day experiences over the past decade have taught us that there must be limits to our tremendous appetite for energy, natural resources, and consumer goods. Even utility and oil companies now promote conservation in the face of demands for dwindling energy reserves. And for years some biologists have warned us of the direct correlation between scarcity and population growth. These scientists see an appalling future riding the tidal wave of a worldwide growth of population and technology. A calm but unflinching realist, Catton suggests that we cannot stop this wave - for we have already overshot the Earth's capacity to support so huge a load. He contradicts those scientists, engineers, and technocrats who continue to write optimistically about energy alternatives. Catton asserts that the technological panaceas proposed by those who would harvest from the seas, harness the winds, and farm the deserts are ignoring the fundamental premise that "the principals of ecology apply to all living things." These principles tell us that, within a finite system, economic expansion is not irreversible and population growth cannot continue indefinitely. If we disregard these facts, our sagging American Dream will soon shatter completely.

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Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

This handbook brings together leading international academic experts to provide a comprehensive and authoritative survey of global environmental politics. Fully revised, updated and expanded to 45 chapters, the book: • Describes the history of global environmental politics as a discipline and explains the various theories and perspectives used by scholars and students to understand it. • Examines the key actors and institutions in global environmental politics, explaining the roles of states, international organizations, regimes, international law, foreign policy institutions, domestic politics, corporations and transnational actors. • Addresses the ideas and themes shaping the practice and study of global environmental politics, including sustainability, consumption, expertise, uncertainty, security, diplomacy, North-South relations, globalization, justice, ethics, public participation and citizenship. • Assesses the key issues and policies within global environmental politics, including energy, climate change, ozone depletion, air pollution, acid rain, transport, persistent organic pollutants, hazardous wastes, rivers, wetlands, oceans, fisheries, marine mammals, biodiversity, migratory species, natural heritage, forests, desertification, food and agriculture. This second edition includes new chapters on plastics, climate change, energy, earth system governance and the Anthropocene. It is an invaluable resource for students, scholars, researchers and practitioners of environmental politics, environmental studies, environmental science, geography, globalization, international relations and political science.

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This book constitutes revised selected papers from the 14th International Workshop on Digital-Forensics and Watermarking, IWDW 2015, held in Tokyo, Japan, in October 2015. The 35 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 54 submissions. The contributions are organized in topical sections named: digital forensics; steganography and steganalysis; digital watermarking; reversible data hiding; and visual cryptography.

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  • Pdf File: feedback-control.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book develops the understanding and skills needed to be able to tackle original control problems. The general approach to a given control problem is to try the simplest tentative solution first and, when this is insufficient, to explain why and use a more sophisticated alternative to remedy the deficiency and achieve satisfactory performance. This pattern of working gives readers a full understanding of different controllers and teaches them to make an informed choice between traditional controllers and more advanced modern alternatives in meeting the needs of a particular plant. Attention is focused on the time domain, covering model-based linear and nonlinear forms of control together with robust control based on sliding modes and the use of state observers such as disturbance estimation. Feedback Control is self-contained, paying much attention to explanations of underlying concepts, with detailed mathematical derivations being employed where necessary. Ample use is made of diagrams to aid these conceptual explanations and the subject matter is enlivened by continual use of examples and problems derived from real control applications. Readers’ learning is further enhanced by experimenting with the fully-commented MATLAB®/Simulink® simulation environment made accessible at insert URL here to produce simulations relevant to all of the topics covered in the text. A solutions manual for use by instructors adopting the book can also be downloaded from insert URL here. Feedback Control is suitable as a main textbook for graduate and final-year undergraduate courses containing control modules; knowledge of ordinary linear differential equations, Laplace transforms, transfer functions, poles and zeros, root locus and elementary frequency response analysis, and elementary feedback control is required. It is also a useful reference source on control design methods for engineers practicing in industry and for academic control researchers.

High Performance Structures and Materials Engineering

By Mark Zhou
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Book Code : 3038135917
  • Total of Pages : 1920
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 233
  • Pdf File: high-performance-structures-and-materials-engineering.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The objective of this special collection was to provide a forum for researchers, educators, engineers and government officials, involved in the general areas of Advanced Materials, High-Performance Structures and Materials Engineering, to disseminate their latest research results and exchange views on the future research directions of these fields. The contents of the two-volume set of 351 peer-reviewed papers are grouped into three chapters: High-Performance Structures and Materials Engineering, Computer Science and Material Science and Materials Engineering and Industrial Applications. It will thus constitute a handy guide to these subjects.

Op Amps for Everyone

By Bruce Carter
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0080513077
  • Total of Pages : 472
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 280
  • Pdf File: op-amps-for-everyone.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The operational amplifier ("op amp") is the most versatile and widely used type of analog IC, used in audio and voltage amplifiers, signal conditioners, signal converters, oscillators, and analog computing systems. Almost every electronic device uses at least one op amp. This book is Texas Instruments' complete professional-level tutorial and reference to operational amplifier theory and applications. Among the topics covered are basic op amp physics (including reviews of current and voltage division, Thevenin's theorem, and transistor models), idealized op amp operation and configuration, feedback theory and methods, single and dual supply operation, understanding op amp parameters, minimizing noise in op amp circuits, and practical applications such as instrumentation amplifiers, signal conditioning, oscillators, active filters, load and level conversions, and analog computing. There is also extensive coverage of circuit construction techniques, including circuit board design, grounding, input and output isolation, using decoupling capacitors, and frequency characteristics of passive components. The material in this book is applicable to all op amp ICs from all manufacturers, not just TI. Unlike textbook treatments of op amp theory that tend to focus on idealized op amp models and configuration, this title uses idealized models only when necessary to explain op amp theory. The bulk of this book is on real-world op amps and their applications; considerations such as thermal effects, circuit noise, circuit buffering, selection of appropriate op amps for a given application, and unexpected effects in passive components are all discussed in detail. *Published in conjunction with Texas Instruments *A single volume, professional-level guide to op amp theory and applications *Covers circuit board layout techniques for manufacturing op amp circuits.

Physics and Technology of Crystalline Oxide Semiconductor CAAC-IGZO

By Shunpei Yamazaki,Masahiro Fujita
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1119247438
  • Total of Pages : 376
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 745
  • Pdf File: physics-and-technology-of-crystalline-oxide-semiconductor-caac-igzo.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book describes the application of c-axis aligned crystalline In-Ga-Zn oxide (CAAC-IGZO) technology in large-scale integration (LSI) circuits. The applications include Non-volatile Oxide Semiconductor Random Access Memory (NOSRAM), Dynamic Oxide Semiconductor Random Access Memory (DOSRAM), central processing unit (CPU), field-programmable gate array (FPGA), image sensors, and etc. The book also covers the device physics (e.g., off-state characteristics) of the CAAC-IGZO field effect transistors (FETs) and process technology for a hybrid structure of CAAC-IGZO and Si FETs. It explains an extremely low off-state current technology utilized in the LSI circuits, demonstrating reduced power consumption in LSI prototypes fabricated by the hybrid process. A further two books in the series will describe the fundamentals; and the specific application of CAAC-IGZO to LCD and OLED displays. Key features: • Outlines the physics and characteristics of CAAC-IGZO FETs that contribute to favorable operations of LSI devices. • Explains the application of CAAC-IGZO to LSI devices, highlighting attributes including low off-state current, low power consumption, and excellent charge retention. • Describes the NOSRAM, DOSRAM, CPU, FPGA, image sensors, and etc., referring to prototype chips fabricated by a hybrid process of CAAC-IGZO and Si FETs.

Correction of Systematic Errors in Piezoelectric Cutting Force Measurement

By Simon Rekers
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Apprimus Wissenschaftsverlag
  • Book Code : 3863597680
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 176
  • Pdf File: correction-of-systematic-errors-in-piezoelectric-cutting-force-measurement.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Systematic measurement errors in piezoelectric cutting force measurements are researched within this thesis. The errors originate from the seismic mass, which is mounted upon the transducer. On the one hand, the seismic mass reduces the bandwidth of the measurement system. On the other hand, the seismic mass leads to superimposed inertial forces, when the seismic mass is subjected to motion during cutting force measurement. Both effects are modelled and correction methods were researched, which are capable to correct these systematic measurement errors in hard real-time.

Prediction and Classification of Respiratory Motion

By Suk Jin Lee,Yuichi Motai
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3642415091
  • Total of Pages : 167
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 144
  • Pdf File: prediction-and-classification-of-respiratory-motion.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book describes recent radiotherapy technologies including tools for measuring target position during radiotherapy and tracking-based delivery systems. This book presents a customized prediction of respiratory motion with clustering from multiple patient interactions. The proposed method contributes to the improvement of patient treatments by considering breathing pattern for the accurate dose calculation in radiotherapy systems. Real-time tumor-tracking, where the prediction of irregularities becomes relevant, has yet to be clinically established. The statistical quantitative modeling for irregular breathing classification, in which commercial respiration traces are retrospectively categorized into several classes based on breathing pattern are discussed as well. The proposed statistical classification may provide clinical advantages to adjust the dose rate before and during the external beam radiotherapy for minimizing the safety margin. In the first chapter following the Introduction to this book, we review three prediction approaches of respiratory motion: model-based methods, model-free heuristic learning algorithms, and hybrid methods. In the following chapter, we present a phantom study—prediction of human motion with distributed body sensors—using a Polhemus Liberty AC magnetic tracker. Next we describe respiratory motion estimation with hybrid implementation of extended Kalman filter. The given method assigns the recurrent neural network the role of the predictor and the extended Kalman filter the role of the corrector. After that, we present customized prediction of respiratory motion with clustering from multiple patient interactions. For the customized prediction, we construct the clustering based on breathing patterns of multiple patients using the feature selection metrics that are composed of a variety of breathing features. We have evaluated the new algorithm by comparing the prediction overshoot and the tracking estimation value. The experimental results of 448 patients’ breathing patterns validated the proposed irregular breathing classifier in the last chapter.

Advances in Nonlinear Dynamos

By Antonio Ferriz-Mas,Manuel Nunez
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1134443919
  • Total of Pages : 400
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 414
  • Pdf File: advances-in-nonlinear-dynamos.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Nonlinear dynamo theory is central to understanding the magnetic structures of planets, stars and galaxies. In chapters contributed by some of the leading scientists in the field, this text explores some of the recent advances in the field. Both kinetic and dynamic approaches to the subject are considered, including fast dynamos, topological methods in dynamo theory, physics of the solar cycle and the fundamentals of mean field dynamo. Advances in Nonlinear Dynamos is ideal for graduate students and researchers in theoretical astrophysics and applied mathematics, particularly those interested in cosmic magnetism and related topics, such as turbulence, convection, and more general nonlinear physics.

Active Hope (revised)

By Joanna Macy,Chris Johnstone
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : New World Library
  • Book Code : 1608687112
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 435
  • Pdf File: active-hope.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The challenges we face can be difficult even to think about. Climate change, war, political polarization, economic upheaval, and the dying back of nature together create a planetary emergency of overwhelming proportions. This revised, tenth anniversary edition of Active Hope shows us how to strengthen our capacity to face these crises so that we can respond with unexpected resilience and creative power. Drawing on decades of teaching an empowerment approach known as the Work That Reconnects, the authors guide us through a transformational process informed by mythic journeys, modern psychology, spirituality, and holistic science. This process equips us with tools to face the mess we’re in and play our role in the collective transition, or Great Turning, to a life-sustaining society.

Eye Movements from Physiology to Cognition

By J.K. O'Regan,A. Lévy-Schoen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 1483290069
  • Total of Pages : 695
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 251
  • Pdf File: eye-movements-from-physiology-to-cognition.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Eye movement research from a range of disciplines is presented in this book. Contributions from all over the world examine theoretical and applied aspects of eye movements, including classical biocybernetic models, physiology, pathology, ocular exploration, reading, ergonomics/human factors, and microcomputer calibration techniques.

Intelligent Control: Principles, Techniques and Applications

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : N.a
  • Book Code : 9814499323
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category :
  • Members : 984
  • Pdf File: intelligent-control.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book Intelligent Control: Principles, Techniques and Applications

Spectroscopy of Semiconductor Microstructures

By Gerhard Fasol,Annalisa Fasolino,Paolo Lugli
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1475765657
  • Total of Pages : 667
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 736
  • Pdf File: spectroscopy-of-semiconductor-microstructures.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Proceedings of a NATO ARW held in Venice, Italy, May 9-13, 1989