Native American DNA Book

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Native American DNA

By Kim TallBear
  • ISBN Code: : 0816685797
  • Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
  • Pages : 256
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 791
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : native-american-dna.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Who is a Native American? And who gets to decide? From genealogists searching online for their ancestors to fortune hunters hoping for a slice of casino profits from wealthy tribes, the answers to these seemingly straightforward questions have profound ramifications. The rise of DNA testing has further complicated the issues and raised the stakes. In Native American DNA, Kim TallBear shows how DNA testing is a powerful—and problematic—scientific process that is useful in determining close biological relatives. But tribal membership is a legal category that has developed in dependence on certain social understandings and historical contexts, a set of concepts that entangles genetic information in a web of family relations, reservation histories, tribal rules, and government regulations. At a larger level, TallBear asserts, the “markers” that are identified and applied to specific groups such as Native American tribes bear the imprints of the cultural, racial, ethnic, national, and even tribal misinterpretations of the humans who study them. TallBear notes that ideas about racial science, which informed white definitions of tribes in the nineteenth century, are unfortunately being revived in twenty-first-century laboratories. Because today’s science seems so compelling, increasing numbers of Native Americans have begun to believe their own metaphors: “in our blood” is giving way to “in our DNA.” This rhetorical drift, she argues, has significant consequences, and ultimately she shows how Native American claims to land, resources, and sovereignty that have taken generations to ratify may be seriously—and permanently—undermined.

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  • Pdf File: the-wandering-gene-and-the-indian-princess.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: stuff-you-should-know.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Total of Pages : 256
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  • Pdf File: unreconciled.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: the-social-life-of-dna.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: messy-eating.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: conflict-resolution-for-holy-beings.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: cooking-data.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: genetic-geographies.pdf

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  • Book Code : 9780520936089
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  • Pdf File: blood-politics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Circe Sturm takes a bold and original approach to one of the most highly charged and important issues in the United States today: race and national identity. Focusing on the Oklahoma Cherokee, she examines how Cherokee identity is socially and politically constructed, and how that process is embedded in ideas of blood, color, and race. Not quite a century ago, blood degree varied among Cherokee citizens from full blood to 1/256, but today the range is far greater--from full blood to 1/2048. This trend raises questions about the symbolic significance of blood and the degree to which blood connections can stretch and still carry a sense of legitimacy. It also raises questions about how much racial blending can occur before Cherokees cease to be identified as a distinct people and what danger is posed to Cherokee sovereignty if the federal government continues to identify Cherokees and other Native Americans on a racial basis. Combining contemporary ethnography and ethnohistory, Sturm's sophisticated and insightful analysis probes the intersection of race and national identity, the process of nation formation, and the dangers in linking racial and national identities.

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  • Total of Pages : 224
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  • Pdf File: as-long-as-grass-grows.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The story of Native peoples’ resistance to environmental injustice and land incursions, and a call for environmentalists to learn from the Indigenous community’s rich history of activism Through the unique lens of “Indigenized environmental justice,” Indigenous researcher and activist Dina Gilio-Whitaker explores the fraught history of treaty violations, struggles for food and water security, and protection of sacred sites, while highlighting the important leadership of Indigenous women in this centuries-long struggle. As Long As Grass Grows gives readers an accessible history of Indigenous resistance to government and corporate incursions on their lands and offers new approaches to environmental justice activism and policy. Throughout 2016, the Standing Rock protest put a national spotlight on Indigenous activists, but it also underscored how little Americans know about the longtime historical tensions between Native peoples and the mainstream environmental movement. Ultimately, she argues, modern environmentalists must look to the history of Indigenous resistance for wisdom and inspiration in our common fight for a just and sustainable future.

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  • Total of Pages : 368
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  • Pdf File: rez-life.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: flat-stanley-s-worldwide-adventures-8.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: native-american-love-stories-and-other-stories.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From the imagination of an Ojibway Mohawk comes the collection of Native American Love Stories and Other Short Stories. The short stories collection includes endearing stories about a mommy and son family of witches, ghosts, rescue dogs, werewolves, vampires, spirits, vision quests, thunderbirds, face changers, DNA Indians, nano bots, unseen mythical forces and love stories.

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  • Pdf File: native-american-roots.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Native American Roots: Relationality and Indigenous Regeneration Under Empire, 1770–1859 explores the development of modern Indigenous identities within the settler colonial context of the early United States. With an aggressively expanding United States that sought to displace Native peoples, the very foundations of Indigeneity were endangered by the disruption of Native connections to the land. This volume describes how Natives embedded conceptualizations integral to Indigenous ontologies into social and cultural institutions like racial ideologies, black slaveholding, and Christianity that they incorporated from the settler society. This process became one vital avenue through which various Native peoples were able to regenerate Indigeneity within environments dominated by a settler society. The author offers case studies of four different tribes to illustrate how Native thought processes, not just cultural and political processes, helped Natives redefine the parameters of Indigeneity. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of early American history, indigenous and ethnic studies, American historiography, and anthropology.

Distorted Descent

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  • Book Code : 0887555942
  • Total of Pages :
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  • Pdf File: distorted-descent.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Distorted Descent examines a social phenomenon that has taken off in the twenty-first century: otherwise white, French descendant settlers in Canada shifting into a self-defined “Indigenous” identity. This study is not about individuals who have been dispossessed by colonial policies, or the multi-generational efforts to reconnect that occur in response. Rather, it is about white, French-descendant people discovering an Indigenous ancestor born 300 to 375 years ago through genealogy and using that ancestor as the sole basis for an eventual shift into an “Indigenous” identity today. After setting out the most common genealogical practices that facilitate race shifting, Leroux examines two of the most prominent self-identified “Indigenous” organizations currently operating in Quebec. Both organizations have their origins in committed opposition to Indigenous land and territorial negotiations, and both encourage the use of suspect genealogical practices. Distorted Descent brings to light to how these claims to an “Indigenous” identity are then used politically to oppose actual, living Indigenous peoples, exposing along the way the shifting politics of whiteness, white settler colonialism, and white supremacy.

Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology, and Society

By Daniel Lee Kleinman,Kelly Moore
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 113623716X
  • Total of Pages : 518
  • Category : Political Science
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  • Pdf File: routledge-handbook-of-science-technology-and-society.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Over the last decade or so, the field of science and technology studies (STS) has become an intellectually dynamic interdisciplinary arena. Concepts, methods, and theoretical perspectives are being drawn both from long-established and relatively young disciplines. From its origins in philosophical and political debates about the creation and use of scientific knowledge, STS has become a wide and deep space for the consideration of the place of science and technology in the world, past and present. The Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology and Society seeks to capture the dynamism and breadth of the field by presenting work that pushes the reader to think about science and technology and their intersections with social life in new ways. The interdisciplinary contributions by international experts in this handbook are organized around six topic areas: embodiment consuming technoscience digitization environments science as work rules and standards This volume highlights a range of theoretical and empirical approaches to some of the persistent – and new – questions in the field. It will be useful for students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities, including in science and technology studies, history, geography, critical race studies, sociology, communications, women’s and gender studies, anthropology, and political science.

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By Tamar Weinberg
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 1440353417
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 583
  • Pdf File: the-adoptee-s-guide-to-dna-testing.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Reconnect with your roots! Adoptees, foundlings, and others with unknown parentage face unique challenges in researching their ancestors. Enter this book: a comprehensive guide to adoption genealogy that has the resources you need to find your family through genetic testing. Inside, you'll find: • Strategies for connecting your genealogy to previous genealogists • Detailed guides for using DNA tests and tools, plus how to analyze your test results and apply them to research • Real-life success stories that put the book's techniques into practice and inspire you to seek your own discoveries

Old World Roots of the Cherokee

By Donald N. Yates
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Book Code : 0786491256
  • Total of Pages : 217
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 504
  • Pdf File: old-world-roots-of-the-cherokee.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Most histories of the Cherokee nation focus on its encounters with Europeans, its conflicts with the U. S. government, and its expulsion from its lands during the Trail of Tears. This work, however, traces the origins of the Cherokee people to the third century B.C.E. and follows their migrations through the Americas to their homeland in the lower Appalachian Mountains. Using a combination of DNA analysis, historical research, and classical philology, it uncovers the Jewish and Eastern Mediterranean ancestry of the Cherokee and reveals that they originally spoke Greek before adopting the Iroquoian language of their Haudenosaunee allies while the two nations dwelt together in the Ohio Valley.

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  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Book Code : 1000643034
  • Total of Pages : 222
  • Category : History
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  • Pdf File: double-helix-history.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Double Helix History examines the interface between genetics and history in order to investigate the plausibility of ‘new’ knowledge derived from scientific methods and to reflect upon what it might mean for the practice of history. Since the mapping of the human genome in 2001, there has been an expansion in the use of genetic information for historical investigation. Geneticists are confident that this has changed the way we know the past. This book considers the practicalities and implications of this seemingly new way of understanding the human past using genetics. It provides the first sustained engagement with these so-called ‘genomic histories’. The book investigates the ways that genetic awareness and practice is seemingly changing historical practice and conceptualisation. Linking six concepts – ‘Public’, ‘Practice’, ‘Ethics’, ‘Politics’, ‘Self’, and ‘Imagination – Double Helix History outlines the ways that genetic information, being postgenomic, the public life of DNA, and the genetic historical imaginary work on the body, on collective memory, on the historical imagination, on the ethics of historical investigation, on the articulation of history, and on the collection and interpretation of data regarding the ‘past’. This book will appeal to researchers and students alike interested in DNA, genetics, and historiography.

American Indians at the Margins

By H. Roy Kaplan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Book Code : 147664537X
  • Total of Pages : 358
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 202
  • Pdf File: american-indians-at-the-margins.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Since the earliest days of America, racist imagery has been used to create harmful stereotypes of the indigenous people. In this book, the conflict between invading European white settlers and the indigenous groups who occupied the land that became the United States is described through the context of race and racism. Using depictions from art, literature, radio, cinema and television, the origin and persistence of such stereotypes are explained, and their debilitating effects on the well-being of Indians are presented. This text also explores their accomplishments in attempts to maintain their sovereignty, dignity and respect.

The Routledge Companion to Indigenous Repatriation

By Cressida Fforde,C. Timothy McKeown,Honor Keeler
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351398873
  • Total of Pages : 982
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 428
  • Pdf File: the-routledge-companion-to-indigenous-repatriation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume brings together Indigenous and non-Indigenous repatriation practitioners and researchers to provide the reader with an international overview of the removal and return of Ancestral Remains. The Ancestral Remains of Indigenous peoples are today housed in museums and other collecting institutions globally. They were taken from anywhere the deceased can be found, and their removal occurred within a context of deep power imbalance within a colonial project that had a lasting effect on Indigenous peoples worldwide. Through the efforts of First Nations campaigners, many have returned home. However, a large number are still retained. In many countries, the repatriation issue has driven a profound change in the relationship between Indigenous peoples and collecting institutions. It has enabled significant steps towards resetting this relationship from one constrained by colonisation to one that seeks a more just, dignified and truthful basis for interaction. The history of repatriation is one of Indigenous perseverance and success. The authors of this book contribute major new work and explore new facets of this global movement. They reflect on nearly 40 years of repatriation, its meaning and value, impact and effect. This book is an invaluable contribution to repatriation practice and research, providing a wealth of new knowledge to readers with interests in Indigenous histories, self-determination and the relationship between collecting institutions and Indigenous peoples.

Angel's Flight: The Life of Jimmie Angel - American Aviator - Explorer - Discover of Angel Falls

By Karen Angel
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
  • Book Code : 1483489507
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Members : 146
  • Pdf File: angel-s-flight.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Jimmie Angel was a noted American aviator who discovered Angel Falls in Venezuela—the tallest waterfall in the world. Yet after twenty years of searching for more about the man, the author finds that there are many aspects of his legendary life that are still unknown. Jimmie Angel was a man who was controversial during his life and remains to be so to this day. Angel’s Flight is a marker on the path to resolving the mysteries of Jimmie Angel’s life, and author Karen Angel, Jimmie’s niece, gathers together the verifiable history of the life of Jimmie Angel and his pursuit of the lost River of Gold and his discovery in 1933 of the tallest waterfall on planet Earth. But did he learn to fly when he was only fourteen years old? Did he work as an aviation scout for Lawrence of Arabia during the Arab Revolt (1916–18), create an air force for a Chinese warlord in the Gobi Desert, or work as a test pilot for Italian airplane designer Giovanni Battista Caproni?

Recognizing Race and Ethnicity

By Kathleen J. Fitzgerald
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 0429514409
  • Total of Pages : 638
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 916
  • Pdf File: recognizing-race-and-ethnicity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This best-selling textbook explains the current state of research in the sociology of race/ethnicity, emphasizing white privilege, the social construction of race, and the newest theoretical perspectives for understanding race and ethnicity. It is designed to engage students with an emphasis on topics that are meaningful to their lives, including sports, popular culture, interracial relationships, and biracial/multiracial identities and families. The new third edition comes at a pivotal time in the politics of race and identity. Fitzgerald includes vital new discussions on white ethnicities and the politics of Trump and populism. Prominent attention is given to immigration and the discourse surrounding it, police and minority populations, and the criminal justice system. Using the latest available data, the author examines the present and future of generational change. New cases studies include athletes and racial justice activism, removal of Confederate monuments, updates on Black Lives Matter, and Native American activism at Standing Rock and against the Bayou Bridge pipeline.

Documents of Native American Political Development

By David E. Wilkins
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 019091839X
  • Total of Pages : 560
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 466
  • Pdf File: documents-of-native-american-political-development.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Before Europeans arrived in what is now known as the United States, over 600 diverse Native nations lived on the same land. This encroachment and subsequent settlement by Americans forcibly disrupted the lives of all indigenous peoples and brought about staggering depopulation, loss of land, and cultural, religious, and economic changes. These developments also wrought profound changes in indigenous politics and longstanding governing institutions. David E. Wilkins' two-volume work Documents of Native American Political Development traces how indigenous peoples have maintained and continued to exercise a significant measure of self-determination contrary to presumptions that such powers had been lost, surrendered, or vanquished. Volume One provided materials from the 1500s to 1933. This collection of primary source and other documents begins in 1933 and spans the subsequent eight decades. Broadly, the volume organizes this period into the following distinctive eras: indigenous political resurgence and reorganization (1934 to 1940s); indigenous termination/relocation (1940s to 1960s); indigenous self-determination (1960s to 1980s); and indigenous self-governance (1980s to present). Wilkins presents documents including the governing arrangements Native nations created and adapted that are comparable to formal constitutions; international and interest group records; statements by prominent Native and non-Native individuals; and sources featuring important innovations that display the political acumen of Native nations. The documents are arranged chronologically, and Wilkins provides concise, introductory essays to each document, placing them within the proper context. Each introduction is followed by a brief list of suggestions for further reading. This continued examination of fascinating and relatively unknown indigenous history, from a number of influential legal and political writings to the formal constitutions crafted since the American intervention of the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, will be an invaluable resource for scholars and students of the history, law, and political development of Native peoples.

Trace Your Roots with DNA

By Megan Smolenyak Smolenyak,Ann Turner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rodale Books
  • Book Code : 1609616162
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 437
  • Pdf File: trace-your-roots-with-dna.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Written by two of the country's top genealogists, this is the first book to explain how new and groundbreaking genetic testing can help you research your ancestry According to American Demographics, 113 million Americans have begun to trace their roots, making genealogy the second most popular hobby in the country (after gardening). Enthusiasts clamor for new information from dozens of subscription-based websites, email newsletters, and magazines devoted to the subject. For these eager roots-seekers looking to take their searches to the next level, DNA testing is the answer. After a brief introduction to genealogy and genetics fundamentals, the authors explain the types of available testing, what kind of information the tests can provide, how to interpret the results, and how the tests work (it doesn't involve digging up your dead relatives). It's in expensive, easy to do, and the results are accurate: It's as simple as swabbing the inside of your cheek and popping a sample in the mail. Family lore has it that a branch of our family emigrated to Argentina and now I've found some people there with our name. Can testing tell us whether we're from the same family? My mother was adopted and doesn't know her ethnicity. Are there any tests available to help her learn about her heritage? I just discovered someone else with my highly unusual surname. How can we find out if we have a common ancestor? These are just a few of the types of genealogical scenarios readers can pursue. The authors reveal exactly what is possible-and what is not possible-with genetic testing. They include case studies of both famous historial mysteries and examples of ordinary folks whose exploration of genetic genealogy has enabled them to trace their roots.

Diabetes in Native Chicago

By Margaret Pollak
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : U of Nebraska Press
  • Book Code : 1496228480
  • Total of Pages : 246
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 536
  • Pdf File: diabetes-in-native-chicago.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Margaret Pollak explores experiences, understandings, and care of diabetes in a Native urban community in Chicago made up of individuals representing more than one hundred tribes from across the United States and Canada.

Research Handbook on Socio-Legal Studies of Medicine and Health

By Marie-Andrée Jacob,Anna Kirkland
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Book Code : 1786437988
  • Total of Pages : 480
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 199
  • Pdf File: research-handbook-on-socio-legal-studies-of-medicine-and-health.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This timely Research Handbook offers significant insights into an understudied subject, bringing together a broad range of socio-legal studies of medicine to help answer complex and interdisciplinary questions about global health – a major challenge of our time.

100 Questions, 500 Nations: A Guide to Native America

By Native American Journalists Association with the Michigan State University School of Journalism
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : David Crumm Media LLC
  • Book Code : 1939880424
  • Total of Pages : 60
  • Category : Education
  • Members : 366
  • Pdf File: 100-questions-500-nations.pdf

Book Short Summary:

*100 Questions, 500 Nations: A Guide to Native America* is by the Native American Journalists Association as part of the Michigan State University School of Journalism series in cultural competence. This guide has sections on tribes, reservations, sovereignty, treaties, federal offices, casinos, education, language, religion and culture. The guide is intended for people in business, schools, places of worship, government, medicine, law enforcement, human resources and journalism—anywhere it is important to know more about communities. We hope this guide works for individuals who just have questions about the people around them. Questions include: Who is an American Indian? Where did American Indians come from originally? Why are native peoples referred to as Indians? Which is correct: American Indian or Native American? How many American Indians and Natives are there? What are the reasons for rising population? Why does the government refer to most indigenous people in Alaska as Alaska Natives instead of as American Indians? Are Native Hawaiians considered American Indians? What is a tribe? How many tribes are there? Which is the largest tribe? Are Indian tribes and Indian nations the same? What powers do the tribes, as nations, hold? What kind of governments do the tribes run? What is the tribal council? What is a reservation? Why is it called a reservation? Hoe many American Indians live on reservations? How much land do tribes hold? What is Indian Country? What are the living conditions in Indian Country? What is tribal sovereignty? What is sovereign immunity? Do states have jurisdiction over American Indians or their land? Do American Indians have to obey the same laws as non-Indians? Are Indian Americans U.S. citizens? Can American Indians vote? Do Native Americans pay state or federal taxes? What are treaties? What agreements did the treaties contain? Why did European settlers enter into treaties with the tribes? Why did the tribes agree to the treaties? Are Native Americans affected by the Affordable Care Act? Are treaties still valid? Do treaties grant Native Americans special rights today? Are treaties being challenged? What organizations represent tribal interests? What does the Bureau of Indians Affairs do? Do American Indians have the right to hold elective office? Do Native Americans serve in the U.S. armed forces? Who regulates Indian casinos? Do all tribes have casino gambling? Do the tribes pay taxes on their revenues? Are individual tribes getting rich from casinos? How do tribes use gaming revenue? Why are Indian casinos a popular enterprise among the tribes? Do all American Indians favor gaming? What is a tribal school? How many American Indian students attend public schools off the reservation? How many American Indians are high school graduates? What is a tribal college? How do graduation rates for American Indians compare with the general population? Do Native Americans get a free college education? Do American Indians speak their own language? How many American Indian languages are still spoken? Which are the most common languages? Were there written Indian languages? What is being done to preserve American Indian languages? Is there an American Indian religion? How many American Indians identify themselves as Christians? Are Native Americans free to practice their native religion? What is a sweat lodge? What is a vision quest? How does tobacco figure in American Indian religion? What is cultural misappropriation? Why do Native Americans object to the use of Indian symbols, like feathers and face paint, in U.S. sports? Why do American Indians object to the term “redskin” used by the Washington NFL franchise? What is a peace pipe? Why is an eagle feather significant to American Indians? How do American Indians obtain the feathers of a protected bird like the eagle? What is a medicine bundle? What is a powwow? What are teepees? How can a person trace his or her Indian ancestry?

Routledge Handbook of Critical Indigenous Studies

By Brendan Hokowhitu,Aileen Moreton-Robinson,Linda Tuhiwai-Smith,Chris Andersen,Steve Larkin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 0429802374
  • Total of Pages : 608
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 466
  • Pdf File: routledge-handbook-of-critical-indigenous-studies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Routledge Handbook of Critical Indigenous Studies is the first comprehensive overview of the rapidly expanding field of Indigenous scholarship. The book is ambitious in scope, ranging across disciplines and national boundaries, with particular reference to the lived conditions of Indigenous peoples in the first world. The contributors are all themselves Indigenous scholars who provide critical understandings of indigeneity in relation to ontology (ways of being), epistemology (ways of knowing), and axiology (ways of doing) with a view to providing insights into how Indigenous peoples and communities engage and examine the worlds in which they are immersed. Sections include: • Indigenous Sovereignty • Indigeneity in the 21st Century • Indigenous Epistemologies • The Field of Indigenous Studies • Global Indigeneity This handbook contributes to the re-centring of Indigenous knowledges, providing material and ideational analyses of social, political, and cultural institutions and critiquing and considering how Indigenous peoples situate themselves within, outside, and in relation to dominant discourses, dominant postcolonial cultures and prevailing Western thought. This book will be of interest to scholars with an interest in Indigenous peoples across Literature, History, Sociology, Critical Geographies, Philosophy, Cultural Studies, Postcolonial Studies, Native Studies, Māori Studies, Hawaiian Studies, Native American Studies, Indigenous Studies, Race Studies, Queer Studies, Politics, Law, and Feminism.