State Ideology and Language in Tanzania Book

State Ideology and Language in Tanzania | Download eBook Read Pdf-ePub-Kindle

Download full pdf book State Ideology and Language in Tanzania by Jan Blommaert available in full 184 pages, and make sure to check out other latest books Language Arts & Disciplines related to State Ideology and Language in Tanzania below.

State Ideology and Language in Tanzania

By Jan Blommaert
  • ISBN Code: : 0748675833
  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Pages : 184
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Reads : 553
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : state-ideology-and-language-in-tanzania.pdf

Book Excerpt :

This book is a thoroughly revised version of the 1999 edition, which was welcomed at the time as a classic. It now extends the period of coverage to 2012 and includes an entirely new chapter on current developments, making this updated edition an essentia

Recommended Books For Reading


  • The Routledge Handbook of Language and Identity
    The Routledge Handbook of Language and Identity

    A Book written by Sian Preece, published by Routledge 2016-02-12 - 644 pages - part of Language Arts & Disciplines books.

    Get eBook
  • The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology
    The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology

    A Book written by Nancy Bonvillain, published by Routledge 2015-08-11 - 480 pages - part of Language Arts & Disciplines books.

    Get eBook
  • Chronotopes and Migration
    Chronotopes and Migration

    A Book written by Farzad Karimzad,Lydia Catedral, published by Taylor & Francis 2021-03-24 - 144 pages - part of Language Arts & Disciplines books.

    Get eBook
  • English in Business and Commerce
    English in Business and Commerce

    A Book written by Tamah Sherman,Jiri Nekvapil, published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG 2018-05-07 - 380 pages - part of Language Arts & Disciplines books.

    Get eBook
  • Language Teaching in the Linguistic Landscape
    Language Teaching in the Linguistic Landscape

    A Book written by David Malinowski,Hiram H. Maxim,Sébastien Dubreil, published by Springer Nature 2021-02-04 - 371 pages - part of Education books.

    Get eBook
  • Colonial and Decolonial Linguistics
    Colonial and Decolonial Linguistics

    A Book written by Ana Deumert,Anne Storch,Nick Shepherd, published by Oxford University Press 2020-11-30 - 352 pages - part of Language Arts & Disciplines books.

    Get eBook
  • Morality at the Margins
    Morality at the Margins

    A Book written by Sarah Hillewaert, published by Fordham University Press 2019-11-05 - 320 pages - part of Social Science books.

    Get eBook

Read Also This Books

Transforming the Future (Open Access)

By Riel Miller
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351047981
  • Total of Pages : 276
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 149
  • Pdf File: transforming-the-future.pdf

Book Short Summary:

People are using the future to search for better ways to achieve sustainability, inclusiveness, prosperity, well-being and peace. In addition, the way the future is understood and used is changing in almost all domains, from social science to daily life. This book presents the results of significant research undertaken by UNESCO with a number of partners to detect and define the theory and practice of anticipation around the world today. It uses the concept of ‘Futures Literacy’ as a tool to define the understanding of anticipatory systems and processes – also known as the Discipline of Anticipation. This innovative title explores: • new topics such as Futures Literacy and the Discipline of Anticipation; • the evidence collected from over 30 Futures Literacy Laboratories and presented in 14 full case studies; • the need and opportunity for significant innovation in human decision-making systems. This book will be of great interest to scholars, researchers, policy-makers and students, as well as activists working on sustainability issues and innovation, future studies and anticipation studies. The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781351047999, has been made available under a Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 IGO (CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO) license.

The End of Poverty

By Jeffrey D. Sachs
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 1101643285
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 230
  • Pdf File: the-end-of-poverty.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Book and man are brilliant, passionate, optimistic and impatient . . . Outstanding." —The Economist The landmark exploration of economic prosperity and how the world can escape from extreme poverty for the world's poorest citizens, from one of the world's most renowned economists Hailed by Time as one of the world's hundred most influential people, Jeffrey D. Sachs is renowned for his work around the globe advising economies in crisis. Now a classic of its genre, The End of Poverty distills more than thirty years of experience to offer a uniquely informed vision of the steps that can transform impoverished countries into prosperous ones. Marrying vivid storytelling with rigorous analysis, Sachs lays out a clear conceptual map of the world economy. Explaining his own work in Bolivia, Russia, India, China, and Africa, he offers an integrated set of solutions to the interwoven economic, political, environmental, and social problems that challenge the world's poorest countries. Ten years after its initial publication, The End of Poverty remains an indispensible and influential work. In this 10th anniversary edition, Sachs presents an extensive new foreword assessing the progress of the past decade, the work that remains to be done, and how each of us can help. He also looks ahead across the next fifteen years to 2030, the United Nations' target date for ending extreme poverty, offering new insights and recommendations.

The Anthropology of Parliaments

By Emma Crewe
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000182312
  • Total of Pages : 242
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 659
  • Pdf File: the-anthropology-of-parliaments.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Anthropology of Parliaments offers a fresh, comparative approach to analysing parliaments and democratic politics, drawing together rare ethnographic work by anthropologists and politics scholars from around the world. Crewe’s insights deepen our understanding of the complexity of political institutions. She reveals how elected politicians navigate relationships by forging alliances and thwarting opponents; how parliamentary buildings are constructed as sites of work, debate and the nation in miniature; and how politicians and officials engage with hierarchies, continuity and change. This book also proposes how to study parliaments through an anthropological lens while in conversation with other disciplines. The dive into ethnographies from across Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, the Middle East and the Pacific Region demolishes hackneyed geo-political categories and culminates in a new comparative theory about the contradictions in everyday political work. This important book will be of interest to anyone studying parliaments but especially those in the disciplines of anthropology and sociology; politics, legal and development studies; and international relations.

Paradigm Shift in Language Planning and Policy

By Ettien Koffi
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Book Code : 1934078115
  • Total of Pages : 347
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Members : 304
  • Pdf File: paradigm-shift-in-language-planning-and-policy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The book proposes a paradigm shift in language planning and language policy in Africa. For the past fifty years, the dominant model has been the hegemonic model whereby a language of wider communication (LWC) is imposed on minority languages. It is now time for a paradigm shift in favor of a more egalitarian model in which all the languages spoken in the same country, irrespective of their size, are planned. The paradigm shift concerns four critical areas: status planning, cost-benefit planning, acquisition planning, and corpus planning. Such a shift is justified for the following reasons: First, the hegemonic model has a dismal track record of success in Africa and elsewhere. Second, the hegemonic model exacerbates linguistic conflicts in many countries. Consequently, policy makers shun it for fear of jeopardizing the fragile social fabric in their respective countries. Last, a shift away from the hegemonic model is recommended because it is too costly to implement. The "democratic model" is undergirded by the Strategic Game Theory proposed by David Laitin. It forecasts a 3±1 language outcome for most African countries. This outcome supports the "three language formula" now called for by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

In Defense of Looting

By Vicky Osterweil
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bold Type Books
  • Book Code : 1645036677
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : History
  • Members : 993
  • Pdf File: in-defense-of-looting.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A fresh argument for rioting and looting as our most powerful tools for dismantling white supremacy Looting--a crowd of people publicly, openly, and directly seizing goods--is one of the more extreme actions that can take place in the midst of social unrest. Even self-identified radicals distance themselves from looters, fearing that violent tactics reflect badly on the broader movement. But Vicky Osterweil argues that stealing goods and destroying property are direct, pragmatic strategies of wealth redistribution and improving life for the working class--not to mention the brazen messages these methods send to the police and the state. All our beliefs about the innate righteousness of property and ownership, Osterweil explains, are built on the history of anti-Black, anti-Indigenous oppression. From slave revolts to labor strikes to the modern-day movements for climate change, Black lives, and police abolition, Osterweil makes a convincing case for rioting and looting as weapons that bludgeon the status quo while uplifting the poor and marginalized. In Defense of Looting is a history of violent protest sparking social change, a compelling reframing of revolutionary activism, and a practical vision for a dramatically restructured society.

World Report 2018

By Human Rights Watch
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Seven Stories Press
  • Book Code : 1609808150
  • Total of Pages : 704
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 360
  • Pdf File: world-report-2018.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The human rights records of more than ninety countries and territories are put into perspective in Human Rights Watch's signature yearly report. Reflecting extensive investigative work undertaken in 2016 by Human Rights Watch staff, in close partnership with domestic human rights activists, the annual World Report is an invaluable resource for journalists, diplomats, and citizens, and is a must-read for anyone interested in the fight to protect human rights in every corner of the globe.

What Do Science, Technology, and Innovation Mean from Africa?

By Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Book Code : 0262342332
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 559
  • Pdf File: what-do-science-technology-and-innovation-mean-from-africa.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Explorations of science, technology, and innovation in Africa not as the product of “technology transfer” from elsewhere but as the working of African knowledge. In the STI literature, Africa has often been regarded as a recipient of science, technology, and innovation rather than a maker of them. In this book, scholars from a range of disciplines show that STI in Africa is not merely the product of “technology transfer” from elsewhere but the working of African knowledge. Their contributions focus on African ways of looking, meaning-making, and creating. The chapter authors see Africans as intellectual agents whose perspectives constitute authoritative knowledge and whose strategic deployment of both endogenous and inbound things represents an African-centered notion of STI. “Things do not (always) mean the same from everywhere,” observes Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga, the volume's editor. Western, colonialist definitions of STI are not universalizable. The contributors discuss topics that include the trivialization of indigenous knowledge under colonialism; the creative labor of chimurenga, the transformation of everyday surroundings into military infrastructure; the role of enslaved Africans in America as innovators and synthesizers; the African ethos of “fixing”; the constitutive appropriation that makes mobile technologies African; and an African innovation strategy that builds on domestic capacities. The contributions describe an Africa that is creative, technological, and scientific, showing that African STI is the latest iteration of a long process of accumulative, multicultural knowledge production. Contributors Geri Augusto, Shadreck Chirikure, Chux Daniels, Ron Eglash, Ellen Foster, Garrick E. Louis, D. A. Masolo, Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga, Neda Nazemi, Toluwalogo Odumosu, Katrien Pype, Scott Remer

Language Policy and Language Planning

By Sue Wright
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137576472
  • Total of Pages : 385
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Members : 451
  • Pdf File: language-policy-and-language-planning.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This revised second edition is a comprehensive overview of why we speak the languages that we do. It covers language learning imposed by political and economic agendas as well as language choices entered into willingly for reasons of social mobility, economic advantage and group identity.

Learning to Listen, Learning to Teach

By Jane Vella
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 078796607X
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Education
  • Members : 527
  • Pdf File: learning-to-listen-learning-to-teach.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this updated version of her landmark book Learning to Listen, Learning to Teach, celebrated adult educator Jane Vella revisits her twelve principles of dialogue education with a new theoretical perspective gleaned from the discipline of quantum physics. Vella sees the path to learning as a holistic, integrated, spiritual, and energetic process. She uses engaging, personal stories of her work in a variety of adult learning settings, in different countries and with different educational purposes, to show readers how to utilize the twelve principles in their own practice with any type of adult learner, anywhere.

How Europe Underdeveloped Africa

By Walter Rodney
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Verso Books
  • Book Code : 1788731204
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : History
  • Members : 408
  • Pdf File: how-europe-underdeveloped-africa.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The classic work of political, economic, and historical analysis, powerfully introduced by Angela Davis In his short life, the Guyanese intellectual Walter Rodney emerged as one of the leading thinkers and activists of the anticolonial revolution, leading movements in North America, South America, the African continent, and the Caribbean. In each locale, Rodney found himself a lightning rod for working class Black Power. His deportation catalyzed 20th century Jamaica's most significant rebellion, the 1968 Rodney riots, and his scholarship trained a generation how to think politics at an international scale. In 1980, shortly after founding of the Working People's Alliance in Guyana, the 38-year-old Rodney would be assassinated. In his magnum opus, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Rodney incisively argues that grasping "the great divergence" between the west and the rest can only be explained as the exploitation of the latter by the former. This meticulously researched analysis of the abiding repercussions of European colonialism on the continent of Africa has not only informed decades of scholarship and activism, it remains an indispensable study for grasping global inequality today.

Voice and Agency

By Jeni Klugman,Lucia Hanmer,Sarah Twigg,Tazeen Hasan,Jennifer McCleary-Sills,Julieth Santamaria
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 1464803609
  • Total of Pages : 236
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 930
  • Pdf File: voice-and-agency.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Despite recent advances in important aspects of the lives of girls and women, pervasive challenges remain. These challenges reflect widespread deprivations and constraints and include epidemic levels of gender-based violence and discriminatory laws and norms that prevent women from owning property, being educated, and making meaningful decisions about their own lives--such as whether and when to marry or have children. These often violate their most basic rights and are magnified and multiplied by poverty and lack of education. This groundbreaking book distills vast data and hundreds of studies to shed new light on deprivations and constraints facing the voice and agency of women and girls worldwide, and on the associated costs for individuals, families, communities, and global development. The volume presents major new findings about the patterns of constraints and overlapping deprivations and focuses on several areas key to women s empowerment: freedom from violence, sexual and reproductive health and rights, ownership of land and housing, and voice and collective action. It highlights promising reforms and interventions from around the world and lays out an urgent agenda for governments, civil society, development agencies, and other stakeholders, including a call for greater investment in data and knowledge to benchmark progress.

Development Sociology

By Norman Long
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134564236
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 150
  • Pdf File: development-sociology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this exciting and challenging work, Norman Long brings together years of work and thought in development studies to provide a key text for guiding future development research and practice. Using case studies and empirical material from Africa and Latin America, Development Sociology focuses on the theoretical and methodological foundations of an actor-oriented and social constructionist form of analysis. This style of analysis is opposed to the traditional structuralist/institutional analysis which is often applied in development studies. With an accessible mix of general debate, critical literature reviews and original case study materials this work covers a variety of key development issues. Among many important topics discussed, the author looks at commoditisation, small-scale enterprise and social capital, knowledge interfaces, networks and power, globalisation and localisation as well as policy formulation and planned intervention processes. This book should be read for its desire to pursue a form of analysis that helps us to understand better (and more realistically) the kinds of development interventions and social transformations that have characterised the second half of the twentieth century and will no doubt continue to characterise future development studies.

American by Paper

By Kate Vieira
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
  • Book Code : 1452950091
  • Total of Pages : 208
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 237
  • Pdf File: american.pdf

Book Short Summary:

American by Paper reveals how two groups of immigrants who share a primary language nevertheless have very different experiences of literacy in the United States. It describes the social realities facing documented and undocumented immigrants who use everyday acts of writing to negotiate papers—the visas, green cards, and passports that promise access to the American Dream. It is both an ethnography, filled with illuminating details about contemporary immigrant lives, and a critical intervention into two leading—and conflicting—scholarly ideas of literacy and its social role. Although popular thinking and scholarship have viewed literacy as a method of culturally assimilating immigrants into the nation, Kate Vieira finds that upward mobility and social inclusion in the United States are tied to literacy in complex ways. She draws from extensive interviews with Portuguese-speaking migrants who live and work together in a former mill town in Massachusetts that she calls South Mills: one group from the Azores, who are usually documented, and another from Brazil, who are usually undocumented. She explains how these migrants experience literacy not as a vehicle for assimilation (as educational policy makers often assert) nor as a means of resisting oppression (as literacy scholars often hope) but instead as tied up in papers, particularly in the papers that confer legal status. Papers and literacy are inextricably bound together, both promoting and constraining opportunities, and they shape why and how migrants read and write. Vieira builds on insights from literacy theories that have long been in opposition to each other in order to develop a new sociomaterial theory of literacy, one that takes into account its inseparable link to paper, forms, and documentation. This point of view leads to a deeper understanding of how literacy actually accrues meaning by circulating, and recirculating, through institutions and the lives of individuals.

Emotions in Multiple Languages

By J. Dewaele
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0230289509
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Members : 742
  • Pdf File: emotions-in-multiple-languages.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Alarge-scale investigation on how multilinguals feel about their languages and use them to communicate emotion. Combining quantitative and qualitative approaches, the author looks at the factors that affect multilinguals' self-perceived competence, attitudes, communicative anxiety, language choice and code-switching.

Enough

By Roger Thurow,Scott Kilman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : PublicAffairs
  • Book Code : 0786741554
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 517
  • Pdf File: enough.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For more than thirty years, humankind has known how to grow enough food to end chronic hunger worldwide. Yet in Africa, more than 9 million people every year die of hunger, malnutrition, and related diseases every year—most of them children. In this powerful investigative narrative, Wall Street Journal reporters Kilman & Thurow show exactly how, in the past few decades, Western policies conspired to keep Africa hungry and unable to feed itself. Enough is essential reading on a humanitarian issue of utmost urgency.

That the World May Know

By James Dawes
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Book Code : 0674030273
  • Total of Pages : 300
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 294
  • Pdf File: that-the-world-may-know.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What can we do to prevent more atrocities from happening in the future, and to stop the ones that are happening right now? That the World May Know tells the powerful and moving story of the successes and failures of the modern human rights movement. Drawing on firsthand accounts from fieldworkers around the world, the book gives a painfully clear picture of the human cost of confronting inhumanity in our day.

Modern Architecture in Africa

By Antoni S. Folkers,Belinda A. C. van Buiten
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3030010759
  • Total of Pages : 365
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 381
  • Pdf File: modern-architecture-in-africa.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book offers unique insights into modern African architecture, influenced by modern European architecture, and at the same time a natural successor to existing site-specific and traditional architecture. It brings together the worlds of traditional site-specific architecture with the Modernist Project in Africa, which to date have only been considered in isolation. The book covers the four architectural disciplines: urban planning, building technology, building physics, and conservation. It includes an introduction with a historical outline and an analysis and comparison of a number of projects in various countries in Africa. On the basis of examples drawn from practice, the author documents and describes the hybrid architectural forms that have emerged from the confrontation and fusion with (pre)modern Western architecture and urban planning, and in so doing he also narrates the history of African architecture.

Endangered Languages and Languages in Danger

By Luna Filipović,Martin Pütz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • Book Code : 9027266441
  • Total of Pages : 413
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Members : 857
  • Pdf File: endangered-languages-and-languages-in-danger.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This peer-reviewed collection brings together the latest research on language endangerment and language rights. It creates a vibrant, interdisciplinary platform for the discussion of the most pertinent and urgent topics central to vitality and equality of languages in today’s globalised world. The novelty of the volume lies in the multifaceted view on the variety of dangers that languages face today, such as extinction through dwindling speaker populations and lack of adequate preservation policies or inequality in different social contexts (e.g. access to justice, education and research resources). There are examples of both loss and survival, and discussion of multiple factors that condition these two different outcomes. We pose and answer difficult questions such as whether forced interventions in preventing loss are always warranted or indeed viable. The emerging shared perspective is that of hope to inspire action towards improving the position of different languages and their speakers through research of this kind.

Globalization and Socio-Cultural Processes in Contemporary Africa

By Eunice N. Sahle
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137519142
  • Total of Pages : 286
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 953
  • Pdf File: globalization-and-socio-cultural-processes-in-contemporary-africa.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In different but complementary ways, the chapters in this collection provide a deeper understanding of socio-cultural processes in various parts of the African continent. They do so in the context of contemporary mediated processes of globalization, and emphasize the agency of Africans.

The Cultural Study of Music

By Martin Clayton,Trevor Herbert,Richard Middleton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136514724
  • Total of Pages : 480
  • Category : Music
  • Members : 545
  • Pdf File: the-cultural-study-of-music.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is the relationship between music and culture? The first edition of The Cultural Study of Music: A Critical Introduction explored this question with groundbreaking rigor and breadth. Now this second edition refines that original analysis while examining the ways the field has developed in the years since the book’s initial publication. Including contributions from scholars of music, cultural studies, anthropology, sociology, and psychology, this anthology provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of music and culture. It includes both pioneering theoretical essays and exhaustively researched case studies on particular issues in world musics. For the second edition, the original essays have been revised and nine new chapters have been added, covering themes such as race, religion, geography, technology, and the politics of music. With an even broader scope and a larger roster of world-renowned contributors, The Cultural Study of Music is certain to remain a canonical text in the field of cultural musicology.

The Politics of Language in the Spanish-Speaking World

By Clare Mar-Molinero
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134730691
  • Total of Pages : 260
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Members : 464
  • Pdf File: the-politics-of-language-in-the-spanish-speaking-world.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Spanish is now the third most widely spoken language in the world after English and Chinese. This book traces how and why Spanish has arrived at this position, examining its role in the diverse societies where it is spoken from Europe to the Americas. Providing a comprehensive survey of language issues in the Spanish-speaking world, the book outlines the historical roots of the emergence of Spanish or Castilian as the dominant language, analyzes the situation of minority language groups, and traces the role of Spanish and its colonial heritage in Latin America. The book is structured in four sections: Spanish as a national language: conflict and hegemony Legislation and the realities of linguistic diversity Language and education The future of Spanish. Throughout the book Clare Mar-Molinero asks probing questions such as: How does language relate to power? What is its link with identity? What is the role of language in nation-building? Who decides how language is taught?