Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions Book

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Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions

By Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Crossing the Quality Chasm: Adaptation to Mental Health and Addictive Disorders
  • ISBN Code: : 9780309133661
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Pages : 528
  • Category : Medical
  • Reads : 674
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : improving-the-quality-of-health-care-for-mental-and-substance-use-conditions.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Each year, more than 33 million Americans receive health care for mental or substance-use conditions, or both. Together, mental and substance-use illnesses are the leading cause of death and disability for women, the highest for men ages 15-44, and the second highest for all men. Effective treatments exist, but services are frequently fragmented and, as with general health care, there are barriers that prevent many from receiving these treatments as designed or at all. The consequences of this are seriousâ€"for these individuals and their families; their employers and the workforce; for the nation’s economy; as well as the education, welfare, and justice systems. Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions examines the distinctive characteristics of health care for mental and substance-use conditions, including payment, benefit coverage, and regulatory issues, as well as health care organization and delivery issues. This new volume in the Quality Chasm series puts forth an agenda for improving the quality of this care based on this analysis. Patients and their families, primary health care providers, specialty mental health and substance-use treatment providers, health care organizations, health plans, purchasers of group health care, and all involved in health care for mental and substanceâ€"use conditions will benefit from this guide to achieving better care.

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Read Also This Books

Providing Sustainable Mental and Neurological Health Care in Ghana and Kenya

By National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 0309377676
  • Total of Pages : 246
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 339
  • Pdf File: providing-sustainable-mental-and-neurological-health-care-in-ghana-and-kenya.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Mental, neurological, and substance use (MNS) disorders have a substantial impact on global health and well-being. Disorders such as depression, alcohol abuse, and schizophrenia constitute about 13 percent of the total burden of disease. Worldwide, MNS disorders are the leading cause of disability, and the 10th leading cause of death. Despite this high burden, there is a significant shortage of resources available to prevent, diagnose, and treat MNS disorders. Approximately four out of five people with serious MNS disorders living in low- and middle-income countries do not receive needed health services. This treatment gap is particularly high in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Challenges to MNS care in SSA countries include a lack of trained mental health professionals, few mental health facilities, and low prioritization for MNS disorders in budget allocations. African countries, on average, have one psychiatrist for every 2 million people, whereas European countries have one psychiatrist per 12,000 people. Expanding on previous efforts to address the development and improvement of sustainable mental health systems in SSA, the Institute of Medicine convened this 2015 workshop series, bringing together key stakeholders to examine country-specific opportunities to improve the health care infrastructure in order to better prevent, diagnose, and treat MNS disorders. Providing Sustainable Mental and Neurological Health Care in Ghana and Kenya summarizes the presentations and discussions from these workshops.

Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence-Based Psychological Interventions

By R. Kathryn McHugh,David H. Barlow
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199874867
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 222
  • Pdf File: dissemination-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-psychological-interventions.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Despite the existence of effective and economical psychological interventions for many mental disorders, the adoption of these treatments in service provision settings worldwide has lagged. A major gap persists between the development and identification of such interventions and their availability to the general public. Building upon the multidisciplinary literature on the science of dissemination and implementation, Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence-Based Psychological Interventions examines state-of-the-art programs to improve access to psychological interventions. Renowned experts describe leading efforts to facilitate the transport of evidence-based treatments, alongside innovative strategies for achieving the goals presented. Analyzing dissemination and implementation programs that range in aims and scope and include both national and local efforts, this book is divided into two parts. Chapters in Part I provide discussion of the history of evidence-based psychological interventions and the need for dissemination and implementation, an overview of the science of dissemination and implementation, and a review of the effectiveness of methods for clinician training. Chapters in Part II describe leading dissemination and implementation programs internationally, including the procedures and practices utilized and data on outcomes. The book concludes with a chapter by the volume's editors that proposes and discusses ten of the most important future directions for the science and practice of dissemination and implementation in mental health care. A crucial challenge in the field today is to translate the successes of treatment development research into the reduction of the public health burden of mental illness on individuals, families, and societies. This pioneering volume will be central to that effort and an essential resource for mental health practitioners and researchers, as well as decision-makers throughout the mental health care system.

The Myth of Mental Illness

By Thomas S. Szasz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Harper Collins
  • Book Code : 0062104748
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 962
  • Pdf File: the-myth-of-mental-illness.pdf

Book Short Summary:

“The landmark book that argued that psychiatry consistently expands its definition of mental illness to impose its authority over moral and cultural conflict.” — New York Times The 50th anniversary edition of the most influential critique of psychiatry every written, with a new preface on the age of Prozac and Ritalin and the rise of designer drugs, plus two bonus essays. Thomas Szasz's classic book revolutionized thinking about the nature of the psychiatric profession and the moral implications of its practices. By diagnosing unwanted behavior as mental illness, psychiatrists, Szasz argues, absolve individuals of responsibility for their actions and instead blame their alleged illness. He also critiques Freudian psychology as a pseudoscience and warns against the dangerous overreach of psychiatry into all aspects of modern life.

Reducing Suicide

By Institute of Medicine,Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health,Committee on Pathophysiology and Prevention of Adolescent and Adult Suicide
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 9780309169431
  • Total of Pages : 512
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 318
  • Pdf File: reducing-suicide.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Every year, about 30,000 people die by suicide in the U.S., and some 650,000 receive emergency treatment after a suicide attempt. Often, those most at risk are the least able to access professional help. Reducing Suicide provides a blueprint for addressing this tragic and costly problem: how we can build an appropriate infrastructure, conduct needed research, and improve our ability to recognize suicide risk and effectively intervene. Rich in data, the book also strikes an intensely personal chord, featuring compelling quotes about people’s experience with suicide. The book explores the factors that raise a person’s risk of suicide: psychological and biological factors including substance abuse, the link between childhood trauma and later suicide, and the impact of family life, economic status, religion, and other social and cultural conditions. The authors review the effectiveness of existing interventions, including mental health practitioners’ ability to assess suicide risk among patients. They present lessons learned from the Air Force suicide prevention program and other prevention initiatives. And they identify barriers to effective research and treatment. This new volume will be of special interest to policy makers, administrators, researchers, practitioners, and journalists working in the field of mental health.

Substance Use Disorders

By Gerard Moeller,Mishka Terplan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190920211
  • Total of Pages : 400
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 125
  • Pdf File: substance-use-disorders.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Substance Use Disorders provides an overview of substance misuse and addresses the neurobiology, pharmacotherapy, and behavioural therapy management of substance use disorders from a clinical perspective. Examining the opioid epidemic to frame its discussion of the epidemiology of substance misuse, this book explores common barriers that prevent the implementation of effective treatment. Chapters discuss various aspects of substance use disorders, particularly opioids, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine, to inform better conceptualization and management of these conditions. Part of the Primer On Psychiatry series, this book will provide a solid foundation for residents and fellows in psychiatry and addiction medicine and can also be used in clinical practice.

The Stigma of Mental Illness - E-Book

By Nicolas Ruesch
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Book Code : 0323834302
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 251
  • Pdf File: the-stigma-of-mental-illness-e-book.pdf

Book Short Summary:

People with mental illness are often painfully familiar with overt prejudice or more subtle forms of mistreatment. The stigma and discrimination associated with their disorders can have effects in several areas of life: in social interactions, in work and healthcare settings, in the legal system and the media. Many withdraw due to shame and do not seek help. In turn, stigma can prove to be a more serious problem than the disorder itself. Yet too little is done to reduce stigma and its impact. The Stigma of Mental Illness: Strategies Against Discrimination and Social Exclusion offers up the knowledge necessary to understand and fight against stigma and discrimination. It will be invaluable to all health professionals, social workers, healthcare managers and policy makers with an involvement or interest in mental illness. Broad coverage of the forms and consequences of stigma Specific treatment of stigma in relation to diagnoses such as dementia and autism Perspectives and strategies of a service user and a relative Up-to-date concepts regarding exclusion and discrimination Practical strategies for service users, relatives, healthcare professionals and policy makers

Recovery Allies

By Alison Jones Webb, MA, MPH
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : North Atlantic Books
  • Book Code : 1623175895
  • Total of Pages : 306
  • Category : Self-Help
  • Members : 663
  • Pdf File: recovery-allies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For readers of The Least of Us and In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts--a practical, hopeful, and research-based guide for supporting loved ones through addiction and recovery. This isn’t a book about addiction--it’s a book about recovery. Written for every loved one, community member, and recovery professional who wants to know “how do I help?,” Recovery Allies offers real-world solutions, evidence-based strategies, and, above all, hope for the 23 million Americans living in recovery from substance use disorder. Other books describe how to treat addiction or offer stories of recovery and redemption, but this is the first to comprehensively approach our addiction crisis from a community perspective. You’ll learn about: Reducing the shame and stigma that can prevent folks in recovery from asking for help The tools essential to addressing our addiction epidemic How to apply public health strategies across all community sectors, from healthcare and law enforcement to faith organizations and education The critical role of relationships and community support in achieving sobriety and maintaining recovery Relapse prevention, harm reduction, and peer support Recovery Allies is structured around the key pillars of recovery as identified by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): home, health, purpose, and community. It shows you a different way to think about addiction in our country--and what you can do to help in all your spheres of influence. Most adults with substance use disorder don’t receive specialized treatment like counseling, medication, or rehab. Instead, the recovery journey starts in their communities, among family and friends--here and now, with their recovery allies.

Health at a Glance 2017 OECD Indicators

By OECD
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Book Code : 9264280405
  • Total of Pages : 216
  • Category :
  • Members : 179
  • Pdf File: health-at-a-glance-2017-oecd-indicators.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This new edition of Health at a Glance presents the most recent comparable data on the health status of populations and health system performance in OECD countries.

Opportunities to Improve Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Disease Services

By National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Examination of the Integration of Opioid and Infectious Disease Prevention Efforts in Select Programs
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 0309663474
  • Total of Pages : 216
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 846
  • Pdf File: opportunities-to-improve-opioid-use-disorder-and-infectious-disease-services.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Opioid use and infectious diseases are intertwined epidemics. Despite the fact that the United States is more than two decades into the opioid crisis - the cause of tens of thousands of deaths every year on its own - the health system has not sufficiently addressed the morbidity and mortality of drug use coupled with infectious diseases. This is at least in part due to traditional models of substance use disorder care wherein substance use disorder treatment is delivered independently of other medical care, thereby inhibiting the delivery of comprehensive care. As a result, the United States is experiencing a drastic increase in infectious diseases that spread with drug use. Opportunities to Improve Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Disease Services examines current efforts to integrate care and describes barriers, such as inadequate workforce and training; lack of data integration and sharing; and stigma among people who use drugs and have also been diagnosed with an infectious disease. The conclusions and recommendations of this report will help to promote patient-centered, integrated programs to address this dual epidemic.

The Stressed Years of Their Lives

By Dr. B. Janet Hibbs,Dr. Anthony Rostain
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Book Code : 1250113164
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Family & Relationships
  • Members : 680
  • Pdf File: the-stressed-years-of-their-lives.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From two leading child and adolescent mental health experts comes a guide for the parents of every college and college-bound student who want to know what’s normal mental health and behavior, what’s not, and how to intervene before it’s too late. “The title says it all...Chock full of practical tools, resources and the wisdom that comes with years of experience, The Stressed Years of their Lives is destined to become a well-thumbed handbook to help families cope with this modern age of anxiety.” —Brigid Schulte, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, author of Overwhelmed and director of the Better Life Lab at New America All parenting is in preparation for letting go. However, the paradox of parenting is that the more we learn about late adolescent development and risk, the more frightened we become for our children, and the more we want to stay involved in their lives. This becomes particularly necessary, and also particularly challenging, in mid- to late adolescence, the years just before and after students head off to college. These years coincide with the emergence of many mood disorders and other mental health issues. When family psychologist Dr. B. Janet Hibbs's own son came home from college mired in a dangerous depressive spiral, she turned to Dr. Anthony Rostain. Dr. Rostain has a secret superpower: he understands the arcane rules governing privacy and parental involvement in students’ mental health care on college campuses, the same rules that sometimes hold parents back from getting good care for their kids. Now, these two doctors have combined their expertise to corral the crucial emotional skills and lessons that every parent and student can learn for a successful launch from home to college.

Psychiatric Ethics, An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics of North America, E-Book

By Rebecca Weintraub Brendel,Michelle Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Book Code : 0323835694
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 510
  • Pdf File: psychiatric-ethics-an-issue-of-psychiatric-clinics-of-north-america-e-book.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This issue of Psychiatric Clinics, guest edited by Drs. Rebecca Brendel and Michelle will discuss a number of important topics surrounding Psychiatric Ethics and impact on clinical practice. This issue is one of four each year selected by our series consulting editor, Dr. Harsh Trivedi of Sheppard Pratt Health System. Topics in this issue include: Ethics in Psychiatric Research, Ethical Aspects of Trauma Informed Care, Ethical Challenges in Addiction Psychiatry, Ethics in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatric Ethics, Geriatric Psychiatry Ethics, Ethics of emerging technologies, Ethical considerations in Psychiatric Genetics, Organizational Ethics, Suicide and the end of life, Psychiatry in public spaces, Autonomy and Multiculturalism, and Justice and Parity in Mental Health Treatment, among others.

Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies E-Book

By Mark B Landon,Henry L Galan,Eric R. M. Jauniaux,Deborah A Driscoll,Vincenzo Berghella,William A Grobman,Sarah J Kilpatrick,Alison G Cahill
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Book Code : 0323613403
  • Total of Pages : 1320
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 859
  • Pdf File: obstetrics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Highly readable, well-illustrated, and easy to understand, Gabbe’s Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies is an ideal day-to-day reference or study tool for residents and clinicians. This 8th Edition of this bestselling text offers fast access to evidence-based, comprehensive information, now fully revised with substantial content updates, new and improved illustrations, and a new, international editorial team that continues the tradition of excellence established by Dr. Steven Gabbe. Puts the latest knowledge in this complex specialty at your fingertips, allowing you to quickly access the information you need to treat patients, participate knowledgably on rounds, and perform well on exams. Contains at-a-glance features such as key points boxes, bolded text, chapter summaries and conclusions, key abbreviations boxes, and quick-reference tables, management and treatment algorithms, and bulleted lists throughout. Features detailed illustrations from cover to cover—many new and improved—including more than 100 ultrasound images that provide an important resource for normal and abnormal fetal anatomy. Covers key topics such as prevention of maternal mortality, diabetes in pregnancy, obesity in pregnancy, vaginal birth after cesarean section, and antepartum fetal evaluation. Provides access to 11 videos that enhance learning in areas such as cesarean delivery and operative vaginal delivery.

Stigma

By Erving Goffman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 9781439188330
  • Total of Pages : 168
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 879
  • Pdf File: stigma.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From the author of The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, Stigma is analyzes a person’s feelings about himself and his relationship to people whom society calls “normal.” Stigma is an illuminating excursion into the situation of persons who are unable to conform to standards that society calls normal. Disqualified from full social acceptance, they are stigmatized individuals. Physically deformed people, ex-mental patients, drug addicts, prostitutes, or those ostracized for other reasons must constantly strive to adjust to their precarious social identities. Their image of themselves must daily confront and be affronted by the image which others reflect back to them. Drawing extensively on autobiographies and case studies, sociologist Erving Goffman analyzes the stigmatized person’s feelings about himself and his relationship to “normals” He explores the variety of strategies stigmatized individuals employ to deal with the rejection of others, and the complex sorts of information about themselves they project. In Stigma the interplay of alternatives the stigmatized individual must face every day is brilliantly examined by one of America’s leading social analysts.

Treating and Preventing Adolescent Mental Health Disorders

By Dwight L. Evans,Edna B. Foa,Raquel E. Gur,Herbert Hendin,Charles P. O'Brien,Daniel Romer,Martin E.P. Seligman,B. Timothy Walsh
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199928177
  • Total of Pages : 912
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 744
  • Pdf File: treating-and-preventing-adolescent-mental-health-disorders.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Sponsored by the Adolescent Mental Health Initiative of the Annenberg Public Policy Center (APPC) of the University of Pennsylvania and the Annenberg Foundation Trust at Sunnylands Trust, Treating and Preventing Adolescent Mental Health Disorders, Second Edition, provides a major update since the first edition in 2005. It addresses the current state of knowledge about the major mental health disorders that emerge during adolescence, including updated DSM-5 diagnostic criteria. Here, six commissions established by the APPC and the Sunnylands Trust pool their expertise on adolescent anxiety, schizophrenia, substance use disorders, depression and bipolar disorders, eating disorders, and suicidal behavior in sections that thoroughly define each disorder, outline and assess available treatments, discuss prevention strategies, and suggest a research agenda based on what we know and don't yet know about these various conditions. Two additional behavioral disorders-gambling and internet addiction--are covered in this second edition. As a meaningful counterpoint to its primary focus on mental illness, the volume also incorporates the latest research from a seventh commission--on positive youth development--which addresses how we can fully prepare young people to be happy and successful throughout their lives. Concluding chapters discuss overarching issues regarding the behavioral and mental health of adolescents: overcoming the stigma of mental illness, the research, policy, and practice context for the delivery of evidence-based treatments, and the development of a more robust agenda to advance adolescent health. Integrating the work of eminent scholars in both psychology and psychiatry, this work will be an essential volume for academics and practicing clinicians and will serve as a wake-up call to mental health professionals and policy makers alike about the state of our nation's response to the needs of adolescents with mental disorders.

Oxford Textbook of Social Psychiatry

By Dinesh Bhugra,Driss Moussaoui,Tom J Craig
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0192606190
  • Total of Pages : 833
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 376
  • Pdf File: oxford-textbook-of-social-psychiatry.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Oxford Textbook of Social Psychiatry serves as a comprehensive reference to the historical, theoretical, and practical aspects of social psychiatry, and its role in the management of psychiatric disorders. Written and edited by leading experts and rising stars in the field of social psychiatry, this textbook provides an authoritative and global look at social psychiatry, covering a wealth of topics and up-to-date research in 79 chapters. Divided into eight sections, this resource covers an overview of the history and development of social psychiatry, as well as the social world of families, culture, and identity, focusing on key issues such as globalisation, pandemics, trauma, spirituality, and gender. Clinical conditions and special vulnerable groups are also explored, with topics such as the mental health of prisoners, somatisation, and eating disorders. Case studies of specific geographical locations provide a critical overview of global mental health today and the challenges faced in different setting, such as low- and middle-income countries.

Mental Health and Palestinian Citizens in Israel

By Muhammad M. Haj-Yahia,Ora Nakash,Itzhak Levav
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Book Code : 0253043085
  • Total of Pages : 430
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 341
  • Pdf File: mental-health-and-palestinian-citizens-in-israel.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Social work studies examining the mental health issues faced by Arab-Palestinian service users, their families, and their communities in Israel. Minorities face particular social strains, and these are often manifested in their overall mental health. In Israel, just under a quarter of the citizens are Arab Palestinians, yet very little has been published exploring the spectrum of mental health issues prevalent in this population. The work collected here draws on the first-hand experience of experts working with Israeli Palestinians to highlight the problems faced by service users, their families, and their communities. Palestinians in Israel face unique social, gender, and family-related conditions that also need reliable research and assessment. Mental Health and Palestinian Citizens in Israel offers research and observation on three central topics: socio-cultural determinants of mental health, mental health needs, and mental health service utilization. From suicidal behaviors and addiction to generational trauma and the particular concerns of children and the elderly, this broad and careful collection of research opens new dialogues on treatment, prevention, and methods for providing the best possible care to those in need.

Reproducibility and Replicability in Science

By National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Engineering, Medicine, and Public Policy,Board on Research Data and Information,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Reproducibility and Replicability in Science
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 030948619X
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 212
  • Pdf File: reproducibility-and-replicability-in-science.pdf

Book Short Summary:

One of the pathways by which the scientific community confirms the validity of a new scientific discovery is by repeating the research that produced it. When a scientific effort fails to independently confirm the computations or results of a previous study, some fear that it may be a symptom of a lack of rigor in science, while others argue that such an observed inconsistency can be an important precursor to new discovery. Concerns about reproducibility and replicability have been expressed in both scientific and popular media. As these concerns came to light, Congress requested that the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine conduct a study to assess the extent of issues related to reproducibility and replicability and to offer recommendations for improving rigor and transparency in scientific research. Reproducibility and Replicability in Science defines reproducibility and replicability and examines the factors that may lead to non-reproducibility and non-replicability in research. Unlike the typical expectation of reproducibility between two computations, expectations about replicability are more nuanced, and in some cases a lack of replicability can aid the process of scientific discovery. This report provides recommendations to researchers, academic institutions, journals, and funders on steps they can take to improve reproducibility and replicability in science.

Traffic Safety Culture

By Nicholas John Ward,Barry Watson,Katie Fleming-Vogl
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Book Code : 1787146170
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : Transportation
  • Members : 694
  • Pdf File: traffic-safety-culture.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book provides traffic safety researchers and practitioners with an international and multi-disciplinary compendium of theoretical and methodological concepts relevant to the research and application of Traffic Safety Culture aiming towards a vision of zero traffic fatalities.

Lessons Learned from Diverse Efforts to Change Social Norms and Opportunities and Strategies to Promote Behavior Change in Behavioral Health

By National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 0309462347
  • Total of Pages : 158
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 416
  • Pdf File: lessons-learned-from-diverse-efforts-to-change-social-norms-and-opportunities-and-strategies-to-promote-behavior-change-in-behavioral-health.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In 2015, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened two workshops with oversight from the Committee on the Science of Changing Behavioral Health Social Norms. The workshops provided input to the committee's deliberations and contributed to the development of the report Ending Discrimination against People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders. That report was issued to help the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, utilize the scientific evidence base in improving public attitudes toward and understanding of behavioral health, specifically in the areas of mental health and substance use disorders. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions at the two workshops.

Psychiatric Disorders, An issue of Nursing Clinics of North America

By Rene Love
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Book Code : 0323696597
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 577
  • Pdf File: psychiatric-disorders-an-issue-of-nursing-clinics-of-north-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In consultation with Consulting Editor, Dr. Stephen Krau, Dr. Rene Love has put together an issue for nurses that provides current clinical overviews in the field of Psychiatric Mental Health. For this special issue, the topics cover the issues that are often seen in large numbers within primary and acute care settings, outside of psych mental health. Clinical review articles are devoted to the following topics: Suicidal patients, PTSD, Anxiety, Depression, ADHD, Substance Abuse, Dementia vs Delirium, and Postpartum depression. Additionally, articles are devoted to hot topics within the healthcare arena and in the larger population: LGBTQ, Adolescents in Foster Care, Implications of Antipsychotic Medications, Treatment in Developmental Behavioral Issues, Compassion Fatigue Among Healthcare Providers, and Human Trafficking. Readers will come away with the information they need to improve patient outcomes in patients with mental health disorders.

The Nigerian Healthcare System

By Joseph Abiodun Balogun
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030888630
  • Total of Pages : 488
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 532
  • Pdf File: the-nigerian-healthcare-system.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The modern-day practice of health care was imported into Nigeria over 500 years ago. In 1947, the first national health plan was developed in Nigeria with the primary goal of providing universal health care (UHC), but this goal remains elusive to date. This comprehensive book presents the roadmap needed to attain UHC in Nigeria and offers a blueprint for achieving high-quality health care in the nation. Starting with a brief overview of the Nigerian state, the fundamentals of health care, including the challenges to affordable quality healthcare delivery, the author critically examines the healthcare system in Nigeria and offers specific recommendations to invigorate the system and improve interprofessional collaborations. Each chapter includes case studies to allow readers to contextualize the information presented and behavioral learning objectives to test readers' knowledge. Among the topics covered: The Organizational Structure and Leadership of the Nigerian Healthcare System The Vulnerabilities of the Nigerian Healthcare System The Spectrum of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Emerging Developments in Traditional Medicine Practice in Nigeria The Plight of Persons Living with Disabilities: The Visible Invisibles in Nigeria A Comparative Analysis of the Health System of Nigeria and Six Selected Nations Around the World A Qualitative Investigation of the Barriers to the Delivery of High-Quality Healthcare Services in Nigeria The Political and Economic Reforms Needed to Achieve Universal and High-Quality Health Care in Nigeria Reimagining the Nigerian Healthcare System to Achieve Universal and High-Quality Health Care by 2030 The Nigerian Healthcare System: Pathway to Universal and High-Quality Health Care is ideal for adoption as a textbook in health services administration, health policy and management, health informatics, healthcare delivery systems, and primary health care courses offered at universities in Nigeria. It also would appeal to students and faculty in African diaspora programs internationally. The book is also essential for policymakers, health systems technocrats, researchers, and professionals in various health disciplines, including medicine, nursing, and allied health.

Preventing Bullying Through Science, Policy, and Practice

By National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on the Biological and Psychosocial Effects of Peer Victimization: Lessons for Bullying Prevention
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 030944070X
  • Total of Pages : 361
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 654
  • Pdf File: preventing-bullying-through-science-policy-and-practice.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Bullying has long been tolerated as a rite of passage among children and adolescents. There is an implication that individuals who are bullied must have "asked for" this type of treatment, or deserved it. Sometimes, even the child who is bullied begins to internalize this idea. For many years, there has been a general acceptance and collective shrug when it comes to a child or adolescent with greater social capital or power pushing around a child perceived as subordinate. But bullying is not developmentally appropriate; it should not be considered a normal part of the typical social grouping that occurs throughout a child's life. Although bullying behavior endures through generations, the milieu is changing. Historically, bulling has occurred at school, the physical setting in which most of childhood is centered and the primary source for peer group formation. In recent years, however, the physical setting is not the only place bullying is occurring. Technology allows for an entirely new type of digital electronic aggression, cyberbullying, which takes place through chat rooms, instant messaging, social media, and other forms of digital electronic communication. Composition of peer groups, shifting demographics, changing societal norms, and modern technology are contextual factors that must be considered to understand and effectively react to bullying in the United States. Youth are embedded in multiple contexts and each of these contexts interacts with individual characteristics of youth in ways that either exacerbate or attenuate the association between these individual characteristics and bullying perpetration or victimization. Recognizing that bullying behavior is a major public health problem that demands the concerted and coordinated time and attention of parents, educators and school administrators, health care providers, policy makers, families, and others concerned with the care of children, this report evaluates the state of the science on biological and psychosocial consequences of peer victimization and the risk and protective factors that either increase or decrease peer victimization behavior and consequences.

The Sociology of Mental Health and Illness

By Allen Furr
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Book Code : 1071815520
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 144
  • Pdf File: the-sociology-of-mental-health-and-illness.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Sociology of Mental Health and Illness explains sociology’s key contributions to our understanding of mental health, and serves as a strong counterpoint to the medical approach to the subject. Using both micro and macro-level theories, particularly social constructionism, the text shows the subjective nature of mental illness and systems of diagnosis and treatment. It also emphasizes how social conditions and relationships create life pathways toward mental health and psychological struggles, and uses the concept of "patient career" to describe how individuals interact with mental health professionals. In addition, the text explores the connections between mental health and social problems such as terrorism, substance abuse, criminal violence, suicide, and domestic violence.

A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C

By National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on a National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 0309457327
  • Total of Pages : 296
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 259
  • Pdf File: a-national-strategy-for-the-elimination-of-hepatitis-b-and-c.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Hepatitis B and C cause most cases of hepatitis in the United States and the world. The two diseases account for about a million deaths a year and 78 percent of world's hepatocellular carcinoma and more than half of all fatal cirrhosis. In 2013 viral hepatitis, of which hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the most common types, surpassed HIV and AIDS to become the seventh leading cause of death worldwide. The world now has the tools to prevent hepatitis B and cure hepatitis C. Perfect vaccination could eradicate HBV, but it would take two generations at least. In the meantime, there is no cure for the millions of people already infected. Conversely, there is no vaccine for HCV, but new direct-acting antivirals can cure 95 percent of chronic infections, though these drugs are unlikely to reach all chronically-infected people anytime soon. This report, the second of two, builds off the conclusions of the first report and outlines a strategy for hepatitis reduction over time and specific actions to achieve them.

Handbook of Research on Leadership and Advocacy for Children and Families in Rural Poverty

By Greene, H. Carol,Zugelder, Bryan S.,Manner, Jane C.
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Book Code : 1799827895
  • Total of Pages : 525
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 274
  • Pdf File: handbook-of-research-on-leadership-and-advocacy-for-children-and-families-in-rural-poverty.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rural poverty encompasses a distinctive deprivation in quality of life related to a lack of educational support and resources as well as unique issues related to geographical, cultural, community, and social isolation. While there have been many studies and accommodations made for the impoverished in urban environments, those impoverished in rural settings have been largely overlooked and passed over by current policy. The Handbook of Research on Leadership and Advocacy for Children and Families in Rural Poverty is an essential scholarly publication that creates awareness and promotes action for the advocacy of children and families in rural poverty and recommends interdisciplinary approaches to support the cognitive, social, and emotional needs of children and families in poverty. Featuring a wide range of topics such as mental health, foster care, and public policy, this book is ideal for academicians, counselors, social workers, mental health professionals, early childhood specialists, school psychologists, administrators, policymakers, researchers, and students.

Fostering Healthy Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Development in Children and Youth

By National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Fostering Healthy Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Development Among Children and Youth
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 0309482054
  • Total of Pages : 390
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 955
  • Pdf File: fostering-healthy-mental-emotional-and-behavioral-development-in-children-and-youth.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Healthy mental, emotional, and behavioral (MEB) development is a critical foundation for a productive adulthood. Much is known about strategies to support families and communities in strengthening the MEB development of children and youth, by promoting healthy development and also by preventing and mitigating disorder, so that young people reach adulthood ready to thrive and contribute to society. Over the last decade, a growing body of research has significantly strengthened understanding of healthy MEB development and the factors that influence it, as well as how it can be fostered. Yet, the United States has not taken full advantage of this growing knowledge base. Ten years later, the nation still is not effectively mitigating risks for poor MEB health outcomes; these risks remain prevalent, and available data show no significant reductions in their prevalence. Fostering Healthy Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Development in Children and Youth: A National Agenda examines the gap between current research and achievable national goals for the next ten years. This report identifies the complexities of childhood influences and highlights the need for a tailored approach when implementing new policies and practices. This report provides a framework for a cohesive, multidisciplinary national approach to improving MEB health.

The Troubled Adolescent

By Jennifer L. Lovell,Joseph L. White
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317283295
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Family & Relationships
  • Members : 484
  • Pdf File: the-troubled-adolescent.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is written for students and clinicians who want to learn about adolescent behavioral health and psychosocial development. It focuses on the experiences of culturally diverse adolescents and families including, but not limited to, diversity based on race, ethnicity, gender identity, sexual orientation, spirituality, ability/disability status, age, nationality, language, and socioeconomic status. Written from a bioecological and strength-based perspective, it views adolescents as having the power to initiate growth and recover from setbacks.

Stopping the Creation of Pedophiles with PHM Analysis

By Len Losik Ph.D
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SanLen Publishing
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 364
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 129
  • Pdf File: stopping-the-creation-of-pedophiles-with-phm-analysis.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The results from PHM space technology, HIV, DNA and cancer research for the Canadian Space Agency's Predictive Medicine Program to predict which Canadian astronauts in training would become mentally ill on a deep space mission to Mars. The surprise results identified the cause of pedophilia, mental illness, childhood autism, cancer, arthritis, diabetes and all immune and auto immune system diseases and for some, how to recover or cure.

The SAGE Handbook of Social Studies in Health and Medicine

By Susan C. Scrimshaw,Sandra D. Lane,Robert A. Rubinstein,Julian Fisher
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Book Code : 1529761948
  • Total of Pages : 704
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 965
  • Pdf File: the-sage-handbook-of-social-studies-in-health-and-medicine.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With new chapters on key topics such as mental health, the environment, race, ethnicity and health, and pharmaceuticals, this new edition maintains its multidisciplinary framework and bridges the gap between health policy and the sociology of health. It builds upon the success of the first by encompassing a range of issues, studies, and disciplines. The broad coverage of topics in addition to new chapters present an engagement with contemporary issues, resulting in a valuable teaching aid. This second edition brings together a diverse range of leading international scholars with contributors from Australia, Puerto-Rico, USA, Guatemala, Germany, Sri Lanka, Botswana, UK, South Sudan, Mexico, South Korea, Canada and more. The second edition of this Handbook remains a key resource for undergraduates, post-graduates, and researchers across multidisciplinary backgrounds including: medicine, health and social care, sociology, and anthropology. PART ONE: Culture, Society and Health PART TWO: Lived Experiences PART THREE: Health Care Systems, Access and Use PART FOUR: Health in Environmental and Planetary Context

Mental Health as Public Health: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Book Code : 0128167572
  • Total of Pages : 342
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 430
  • Pdf File: mental-health-as-public-health.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In recent years there has been increased recognition of the global burden of mental disorders, which in turn has led to the expansion of preventive initiatives at the community and population levels. The application of such public health approaches to mental health raises a number of important ethical questions. The aim of this collection is to address these newly emerging issues, with special attention to the principle of prevention and the distinctive ethical challenges in mental health. The collection brings together an interdisciplinary group of experts in bioethics, mental health, public health, and global health. Compared to other public health initiatives, those directed towards mental health are relatively new and have yet to receive sustained ethical analysis. This is the first edited volume to highlight the distinctive ethical issues surrounding public mental health. The individual chapters contain cutting-edge, original research by an interdisciplinary collection of authors, including experts in bioethics, mental health, public health, and global health.

The Palgrave Handbook of American Mental Health Policy

By Howard H. Goldman,Richard G. Frank,Joseph P. Morrissey
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3030119084
  • Total of Pages : 687
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 338
  • Pdf File: the-palgrave-handbook-of-american-mental-health-policy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This handbook is the definitive resource for understanding current mental health policy controversies, options, and implementation strategies. It offers a thorough review of major issues in mental health policy to inform the policy-making process, presenting the pros and cons of controversial, significant issues through close analyses of data. Some of the topics covered are the effectiveness of various biomedical and psychosocial interventions, the role of mental illness in violence, and the effectiveness of coercive strategies. The handbook presents cases for conditions in which specialized mental health services are needed and those in which it might be better to deliver mental health treatment in mainstream health and social services settings. It also examines the balance between federal, state, and local authority, and the financing models for delivery of efficient and effective mental health services. It is aimed for an audience of policy-makers, researchers, and informed citizens that can contribute to future policy deliberations.