Science and Empires Book

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Science and Empires

By P. Petitjean,Cathérine Jami,A.M. Moulin
  • ISBN Code: : 9401125945
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 418
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 252
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : science-and-empires.pdf

Book Excerpt :

SCIENCE AND EMPIRES: FROM THE INTERNATIONAL COLLOQUIUM TO THE BOOK Patrick PETITJEAN, Catherine JAMI and Anne Marie MOULIN The International Colloquium "Science and Empires - Historical Studies about Scientific De velopment and European Expansion" is the product of an International Colloquium, "Sciences and Empires - A Comparative History of Scien tific Exchanges: European Expansion and Scientific Development in Asian, African, American and Oceanian Countries". Organized by the REHSEIS group (Research on Epistemology and History of Exact Sciences and Scientific Institutions) of CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), the colloquium was held from 3 to 6 April 1990 in the UNESCO building in Paris. This colloquium was an idea of Professor Roshdi Rashed who initiated this field of studies in France some years ago, and proposed "Sciences and Empires" as one of the main research programmes for the The project to organize such a colloquium was a bit REHSEIS group. of a gamble. Its subject, reflected in the title "Sciences and Empires", is not a currently-accepted sub-discipline of the history of science; rather, it refers to a set of questions which found autonomy only recently. The terminology was strongly debated by the participants and, as is frequently suggested in this book, awaits fuller clarification.

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  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

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  • Pdf File: toxocara.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Toxocara is a parasitic helminth worm which continues to stimulate both public concern and scientific interest. Toxocara canis and T.cati, the most studied species, are gastrointestinal parasites of dogs and cats and their eggs can contaminate the environment, thus exposing humans and other mammals and birds to infection. Many questions remain unanswered about the host-parasite relationship, its epidemiology and public health significance. Veterinarians and clinicians are interested in its importance as a zoonosis. The parasite's capacity to cause ocular disease is of concern to ophthalmologists, while its propensity to stimulate allergic manifestations is of interest to allergologists, dermatologists and respiratory medicine specialists. Furthermore Toxocara provides a unique model system to explore questions in parasite biology.This book provides a comprehensive review of Toxocara and the disease it causes known as toxocariasis.

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  • Pdf File: the-resistance-phenomenon-in-microbes-and-infectious-disease-vectors.pdf

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  • Pdf File: medicine-and-the-saints.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

This book was tbe result of a symposium beld at tbe American Cbernical Society meeting in Miami Beacb, Florida, September 10-15, 1989. The symposium was jointly sponsored by Tbe Society for Economfc Botany and tbe American Cbernical Society Food and Natural Product sub division. Tbere were five speakers. During tbe social sessions (mostly over drinks in abotel room), it became obvious tbat, regardless of tbe discipline, we were all speaking tbe same language. Yet, prior to tbe symposium, only a few of tbe participants knew one anotber. We decided to expand tbe symposium into a book. The book would, we boped, accomplish for otbers wbat we bad discovered in ourselves. That is, the field of Natural Products is broad, but similar in techniques and approach, ancient but modern, and bas been and continues to be extremely valuable to humankind. We wanted the book to serve as an introductory text for courses and as a reference work for the future. We also determined to include the structure of every chemical in the chapter where it was mentioned so the reader would not have to find the structure somewhere else or to try and deduce the structure from the chemical name. Little did we know what an undertaking these goals would be or the time this would take.

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Amphibians of North Africa is a comprehensive compilation of available data on the amphibians and reptiles found in various ecosystems across North West Africa and parts of the Mediterranean region. It is essential to identifying and understanding the ecological role of regional herpetofauna and its conservational importance. It examines the biological origins and diversity of amphibians in North Africa, along with their diverse ecosystems, including deserts, grasslands and subtropical forests. The book features detailed descriptions of the adult and larvae stages of species, such as the North African fire salamander, the common painted frog, Brongersma's toad and the Mediterranean tree frog. This book is a vital resource for herpetology and ecology students and researchers, helping them identify, understand and conserve these amphibians and reptiles in their various habitats across the North African and Mediterranean regions. Presents the only book on research and species recognition of North West African and Mediterranean amphibians and reptiles in all life phases Provides novel, iconographic material about little-known species Features helpful visuals, including ink-drawings, photographs of adult and larvae stages, habitat photographs and distributional maps

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  • Pdf File: pasteur-s-empire.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: culicipedia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: pathogens-crossing-borders.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

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Abandoning a French look on the subject, Mrs. Bossan, the author, develops her study with a dichotomous vision: that of time that touches the history of mankind and that of geography and sociology, which lead to an almost ethnographic analysis. The author dissects the shoe and all that surrounds it: from its history to painting and literature. After this book, it will be difficult to publish a book with a more complete treatment of the subject. Illustrated with an iconography that is exceptional both for its aestheticism and the pieces chosen, this book is a reference for historians, sociologists and for the fashion victims and designers...

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Si la mémoire collective a retenu les noms de certains mouvements de résistance intérieure - Combat, Franc-Tireur, Libération - , il n'en est pas de même du réseau Brutus, fondé pourtant dès septembre 1940. L'historien Jean-Marc Binot et Bernard Boyer, fils d'un des chefs du réseau, dépeignent enfin avec précision ce qui fut l'un des premiers groupes des services secrets de la France libre. Créé par Pierre Fourcaud, alias Lucas, le réseau Brutus a ceci de particulier qu'il regroupe des hommes et des femmes aux horizons et aux idées politiques différents, symbole d'une résistance unie dont le seul but est de combattre l'Allemagne et le régime de Vichy. Boris Fourcaud (le frère de Pierre), sous le pseudo de Froment, et un jeune avocat marseillais, André Boyer, alias Brémond, vont patiemment tisser une véritable toile d'araignée à travers toute la France, afin de récolter un maximum de renseignements au profit des Alliés. Visionnaires, les deux hommes lancent l'idée d'un organe fédérant les mouvements de résistance, les partis politiques et les syndicats, sous l'autorité du général de Gaulle, projet qui aboutit à la constitution du Conseil national de la Résistance en 1943. André Boyer devient alors le chef du réseau Brutus. Tout au long de la guerre, malgré le danger, les arrestations, les agents infiltrés par l'Abwehr, le réseau Brutus transmet à Londres l'emplacement des unités allemandes, le détail des fortifications du mur de l'Atlantique, les positions des rampes de V1, les résultats des raids aériens... Plus de soixante ans après la fin de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale, il était temps de rendre ce bel hommage aux hommes et aux femmes qui ont lutté pour l'honneur de leur pays jusqu'au sacrifice de leur vie, et de faire revivre leur épopée à partir de témoignages exceptionnels et d'archives encore jamais exploitées.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Good Press
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  • Total of Pages : 4740
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  • Pdf File: venoms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Venoms: Venomous Animals and Antivenomous Serum-therapeutics" by A. Calmette (translated by E. E. Austen). Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

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Book Short Summary:

Human variation represented a central research topic for life scientists and posed challenging administrative issues for colonial bureaucrats in the first half of the 20th century. By following scientists’ and administrators’ interests in innovating styles and tools for making and circulating documents, in reshaping landscapes and environments, and in fixing distances between humans, the book advances new understandings of the materiality of colonial institutional life and governance.

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  • Publisher : BibliotecaOnline SL
  • Book Code : 8415998759
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  • Pdf File: ciencia-y-fe-católica.pdf

Book Short Summary:

El testimonio de cinco grandes sabios: Galileo Galilei, Alessandro Volta, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Louis Pasteur y Jéròme Lejeune; cinco personajes que han marcado el devenir de la ciencia en los últimos cinco siglos. La originalidad de esta obra es conjugar las geniales aportaciones de estos científicos con su faceta humana y espiritual, un aspecto que apenas se recoge en sus biografías. Así el lector puede penetrar hasta lo más íntimo de cada protagonista, como si los estuviera conociendo en primera persona. Los beneficios que obtenga el autor con este trabajo irán destinados a la fundación de la Santa Sede “Ayuda a la Iglesia Necesitada”, que asiste a los cristianos perseguidos o en dificultad.

The Chemistry of Food Additives and Preservatives

By Titus A. M. Msagati
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1118274113
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 278
  • Pdf File: the-chemistry-of-food-additives-and-preservatives.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Chemistry of Food Additives and Preservatives is anup-to-date reference guide on the range of different types ofadditives (both natural and synthetic) used in the food industrytoday. It looks at the processes involved in inputting additivesand preservatives to foods, and the mechanisms and methods used.The book contains full details about the chemistry of each majorclass of food additive, showing the reader not just what kind ofadditives are used and what their functions are, but also how theywork and how they can have multiple functionalities. Inaddition, this book covers numerous new additives currentlybeing introduced, and an explanation of how the quality of these isascertained and how consumer safety is ensured.

The Private Science of Louis Pasteur

By Gerald L. Geison
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Book Code : 1400864089
  • Total of Pages : 418
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 234
  • Pdf File: the-private-science-of-louis-pasteur.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In The Private Science of Louis Pasteur, Gerald Geison has written a controversial biography that finally penetrates the secrecy that has surrounded much of this legendary scientist's laboratory work. Geison uses Pasteur's laboratory notebooks, made available only recently, and his published papers to present a rich and full account of some of the most famous episodes in the history of science and their darker sides--for example, Pasteur's rush to develop the rabies vaccine and the human risks his haste entailed. The discrepancies between the public record and the "private science" of Louis Pasteur tell us as much about the man as they do about the highly competitive and political world he learned to master. Although experimental ingenuity served Pasteur well, he also owed much of his success to the polemical virtuosity and political savvy that won him unprecedented financial support from the French state during the late nineteenth century. But a close look at his greatest achievements raises ethical issues. In the case of Pasteur's widely publicized anthrax vaccine, Geison reveals its initial defects and how Pasteur, in order to avoid embarrassment, secretly incorporated a rival colleague's findings to make his version of the vaccine work. Pasteur's premature decision to apply his rabies treatment to his first animal-bite victims raises even deeper questions and must be understood not only in terms of the ethics of human experimentation and scientific method, but also in light of Pasteur's shift from a biological theory of immunity to a chemical theory--similar to ones he had often disparaged when advanced by his competitors. Through his vivid reconstruction of the professional rivalries as well as the national adulation that surrounded Pasteur, Geison places him in his wider cultural context. In giving Pasteur the close scrutiny his fame and achievements deserve, Geison's book offers compelling reading for anyone interested in the social and ethical dimensions of science. Originally published in 1995. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Black Death and Later Plague Epidemics in the Scandinavian Countries:

By Ole Jørgen Benedictow
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 8376560476
  • Total of Pages : 736
  • Category : History
  • Members : 134
  • Pdf File: the-black-death-and-later-plague-epidemics-in-the-scandinavian-countries.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This monograph represents an expansion and deepening of previous works by Ole J. Benedictow - the author of highly esteemed monographs and articles on the history of plague epidemics and historical demography. In the form of a collection of articles, the author presents an in-depth monographic study on the history of plague epidemics in Scandinavian countries and on controversies of the microbiological and epidemiological fundamentals of plague epidemics.

Historical Dictionary of Mali

By Pascal James Imperato,Gavin H. Imperato
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Scarecrow Press
  • Book Code : 0810864029
  • Total of Pages : 560
  • Category : History
  • Members : 142
  • Pdf File: historical-dictionary-of-mali.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The fourth edition of the Historical Dictionary of Mali, through its chronology, bibliography, introductory essay, and over 500 cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, places, events, and institutions and significant political, economic, social, and cultural aspects, provides an important reference on this African country.

Sanidad internacional y transferencia de conocimiento científico

By Josep L. Barona-Vilar,Ximo Guillem-Llobat
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Universitat de València
  • Book Code : 8437097894
  • Total of Pages : 196
  • Category : Electronic books
  • Members : 493
  • Pdf File: sanidad-internacional-y-transferencia-de-conocimiento-científico.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Este volumen es fruto de un proyecto de investigación del grupo Sanhisoc, dedicado a analizar el papel de los organismos internacionales y las redes de expertos en la transferencia de conocimiento en salud pública en el contexto europeo. Un asunto relevante en el contexto histórico de aparición de la salud como asunto político con el consiguiente desarrollo de administraciones sanitarias nacionales y de un poderoso aparato industrial. El libro recoge una serie de estudios de caso escritos por especialistas de las Universidades de Valencia, Alicante y Sassari sobre salud y medio ambiente, enfermedades de la pobreza, hambre y nutrición, salud infantil, enfermería de salud pública y los programas de sanidad internacional de la Fundación Rockefeller y la Sociedad de Naciones. Una reflexión histórica sobre el papel de los expertos en sanidad y la dimensión política de la salud.

The Fantastic Laboratory of Dr. Weigl: How Two Brave Scientists Battled Typhus and Sabotaged the Nazis

By Arthur Allen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Book Code : 0393244016
  • Total of Pages : 400
  • Category : History
  • Members : 339
  • Pdf File: the-fantastic-laboratory-of-dr-weigl.pdf

Book Short Summary:

“Thought-provoking…[Allen] writes without sanctimony and never simplifies the people in his book or the moral issues his story inevitably raises." —Wall Street Journal Few diseases are more gruesome than typhus. Transmitted by body lice, it afflicts the dispossessed—refugees, soldiers, and ghettoized peoples—causing hallucinations, terrible headaches, boiling fever, and often death. The disease plagued the German army on the Eastern Front and left the Reich desperate for a vaccine. For this they turned to the brilliant and eccentric Polish zoologist Rudolf Weigl. In the 1920s, Weigl had created the first typhus vaccine using a method as bold as it was dangerous for its use of living human subjects. The astonishing success of Weigl’s techniques attracted the attention and admiration of the world—giving him cover during the Nazi’s violent occupation of Lviv. His lab soon flourished as a hotbed of resistance. Weigl hired otherwise doomed mathematicians, writers, doctors, and other thinkers, protecting them from atrocity. The team engaged in a sabotage campaign by sending illegal doses of the vaccine into the Polish ghettos while shipping gallons of the weakened serum to the Wehrmacht. Among the scientists saved by Weigl, who was a Christian, was a gifted Jewish immunologist named Ludwik Fleck. Condemned to Buchenwald and pressured to re-create the typhus vaccine under the direction of a sadistic Nazi doctor, Erwin Ding-Schuler, Fleck had to make an awful choice between his scientific ideals or the truth of his conscience. In risking his life to carry out a dramatic subterfuge to vaccinate the camp’s most endangered prisoners, Fleck performed an act of great heroism. Drawing on extensive research and interviews with survivors, Arthur Allen tells the harrowing story of two brave scientists—a Christian and a Jew— who put their expertise to the best possible use, at the highest personal danger.

Félix d`Herelle and the Origins of Molecular Biology

By William C. Summers
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Book Code : 9780300174250
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Members : 219
  • Pdf File: félix-d-herelle-and-the-origins-of-molecular-biology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A self-taught scientist determined to bring science out of the laboratory and into the practical arena, French-Canadian Felix d’Herelle (1873-1949) made history in two different fields of biology. Not only was he first to demonstrate the use and application of bacteria for biological control of insect pests, he also became a seminal figure in the history of molecular biology. This engaging book is the first full biography of d’Herelle, a complex figure who emulated Louis Pasteur and influenced the course of twentieth-century biology, yet remained a controversial outsider to the scientific community. Drawing on family papers, archival sources, interviews, and d’Herelle’s published and unpublished writings, Dr. William C. Summers tells the fascinating story of the scientist’s life and the work that took him around the globe. In 1917, d’Herelle published the first paper describing the phenomenon of the bacteriophage and its biological nature. A series of more than 110 articles and 6 major books followed, in which d’Herelle established the foundation for the later work of the Phage Group in molecular biology. Yet d’Herelle sometimes inspired animosity in others--he was drummed out of the Pasteur Institute, he held only one brief permanent position in the scientific establishment (at Yale University from 1928 to 1933), and he was bewildered by the social nuances of the world of international science. His story is more than the biography of a single brilliant scientist; it is also a fascinating chapter in the history of biology.

Routledge Library Editions: Language and Literature of the Middle East

By Various
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1315459728
  • Total of Pages : 6142
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 933
  • Pdf File: routledge-library-editions.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This nine volume set provides an overview of many aspects of Middle Eastern language and literature. These books range from discussions of the Arabic language and its publications, to translations of some of the region’s most important early works, to a survey of folk tales and modern literature.

Bibliographic Guide to Refrigeration 1965–1968

By Yong Zhou
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 1483158756
  • Total of Pages : 648
  • Category : Reference
  • Members : 531
  • Pdf File: bibliographic-guide-to-refrigeration-1965-1968.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Bibliographic Guide to Refrigeration 1965-1968 is a bibliographic guide to all the documents abstracted in the International Institute of Refrigeration Bulletin during the period 1965-1968. The references include nearly 7,000 reports, articles, and communications, classified according to subjects, and followed by a listing of books. This book is divided into 10 parts and begins with a listing of references on thermodynamics, heat transfer, and other basic physical phenomena relating to refrigeration, including desiccation and measurements of temperature, humidity, and pressure. The next sections are devoted to the physics of low temperatures and cryogenics; production and distribution of cold; refrigerating plants (mainly in the food domain); and refrigerated transport and packaging. Other references deal with air conditioning and heat pumps; and industrial, biological, medical, and agricultural applications of refrigeration. The final section focuses on standards and regulations, economics and statistics, and education and trade activities in the refrigeration industry. This guide is intended to assist researchers, engineers, manufacturers, and operators who are in either constant or occasional contact with the refrigeration domain.

Picturing Evolution and Extinction

By Fae Brauer
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Book Code : 1443884375
  • Total of Pages : 302
  • Category : Art
  • Members : 355
  • Pdf File: picturing-evolution-and-extinction.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With the increasing loss of biological diversity in this Sixth Age of Mass Extinction, it is timely to show that devolutionary paranoia is not new, but rather stretches back to the time of Charles Darwin. It is also an opportune moment to show how human-driven extinction, as designated by the term, Anthropocene, has long been acknowledged. The halcyon days of European industrial progress, colonial expansion and scientific revolution trumpeted from the Great Exhibition of 1851 until the Dresden International Hygiene Exhibition of 1930 were constantly marred by fears of rampant degeneration, depopulation, national decline, environmental devastation and racial extinction. This is demonstrated by the discourses of catastrophism charted in this book that percolated across Europe in response to the theories of Darwin and Jean Baptiste Lamarck, as well as Marcellin Berthelot, Camille Flammarion, Ernst Haeckel, Louis Landouzy, Félix Le Dantec, Cesare Lombroso, Thomas Huxley, Bénédite-Augustin Morel, Louis Pasteur, Élisée Reclus, Rudolf Steiner and Wilhelm Wundt, among others. This book presents pioneering explorations of the interrelationship between these discourses and modern visual cultures and the ways in which the “picturing of evolution and extinction” by artists as diverse as Roger Broders, Albert Besnard, Fernand Cormon, Hélène Dufau, Émile Gallé, František Kupka, Pablo Picasso, Carles Mani y Roig, Sophie Taeuber and Vasilii Vatagin betrayed anxieties subliminally festering over degeneration alongside latent hopes of regeneration. Following Darwin’s concept of evolution as Janus-faced, the dialectical interplay of evolution and extinction and degeneration and regeneration is explored in modern visual cultures in Australia, America, Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Spain and Switzerland at significant spatio-temporal junctures between 1860 and 1930. By unravelling the “picturing” of the dread of alcoholism, cholera, dysentery, tuberculosis, typhoid and rabies, alongside phobias of animalism, criminality, hysteria, impotency and ecological disaster, each chapter makes an original contribution to this new field of scholarship. By locating these discourses and visual cultures within the “golden age of Neo-Lamarckism”, they also reveal how regeneration was pictured as the Janus-face of degeneration able to facilitate evolution through the inheritance of beneficial characteristics in propitious environments. In striking such an uplifting note amidst the dissonant cacophony of catastrophism, this book reveals why the art and science of Transformism proved so appealing in France as elsewhere, and why visual cultures of regeneration became as dominant in the twentieth century as the picturing of degeneration had been in the nineteenth century. It also illuminates the paradoxical inversion that occurred in the twentieth century when devolution became equivalent to evolution for many Modernists. Hence, whilst this book opens with the picturing of indigenous people in Australia and North America as “doomed races” by the first publication of Darwin’s On The Origin of Species, it closes with the quest by 1930 for a regenerative suntan as dark as the skin of those indigenous people.