Introducing Biological Rhythms Book

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Introducing Biological Rhythms

By Willard L. Koukkari,Robert B. Sothern
  • ISBN Code: : 1402047010
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 656
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 451
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : introducing-biological-rhythms.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Introducing Biological Rhythms is a primer that serves to introduce individuals to the area of biological rhythms. It describes the major characteristics and discusses the implications and applications of these rhythms, while citing scientific results and references. Also, the primer includes essays that provide in-depth historic and other background information for those interested in more specific topics or concepts. It covers a basic cross-section of the field of chronobiology clearly enough so that it can be understood by a novice, or an undergraduate student, but that it would also be sufficiently technical and detailed for the scientist.

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Read Also This Books

Biological Rhythms, Sleep and Hypnosis

By Simon Green
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 0230364799
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 312
  • Pdf File: biological-rhythms-sleep-and-hypnosis.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Like food and water, sleep is essential for all. In this excellent study aid, the author looks at the nature and purpose of sleeping andrelated disorders, dreamingand hypnosis. This clear and focused introductionprovides a fantasticentry point for studentsseeking a deeper understanding of altered states of awareness.

Circannual Clocks

By Eric Pengelley
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0323146767
  • Total of Pages : 538
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 729
  • Pdf File: circannual-clocks.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Circannual Clocks: Annual Biological Rhythms documents the Proceedings of a Satellite Symposium of the 140th Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science held in San Francisco, California, February 25, 1974. The purpose of the symposium was to summarize the present state of knowledge on endogenous annual rhythms (circannual clocks), and to point out their biological significance and importance. The presentations included studies on the following: the circannual rhythms of an arthropod, the cave crayfish, Orconectes pellucidus inermis, and a cnidarian, Campanularia flexuosa; the occurrence, manifestation, and importance of circannual rhythms in birds with different migratory habits; and the importance of circannual rhythms in hibernating mammals. Also covered are the relationships between circannual rhythms and endogenous lunar and tidal rhythms; circannual rhythm of reproduction in male European starlings; the adaptational value of internal annual clocks in birds; the expression and suppression of the circannual antler growth cycle in deer; and circannual rhythms in man.

Circadian Rhythms and Biological Clocks

By
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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Book Code : 0128013419
  • Total of Pages : 488
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 627
  • Pdf File: circadian-rhythms-and-biological-clocks.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Two new volumes of Methods in Enzymology continue the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. Circadian Rhythms and Biological Clocks Part A and Part B is an exceptional resource for anybody interested in the general area of circadian rhythms. As key elements of timekeeping are conserved in organisms across the phylogenetic tree, and our understanding of circadian biology has benefited tremendously from work done in many species, the volume provides a wide range of assays for different biological systems. Protocols are provided to assess clock function, entrainment of the clock to stimuli such as light and food, and output rhythms of behavior and physiology. This volume also delves into the impact of circadian disruption on human health. Contributions are from leaders in the field who have made major discoveries using the methods presented here. Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field Covers research methods in biomineralization science Keeping with the interdisciplinary nature of the circadian rhythm field, the volume includes diverse approaches towards the study of rhythms, from assays of biochemical reactions in unicellular organisms to monitoring of behavior in humans.

Biological Aspects of Circadian Rhythms

By J. Mills
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1461345650
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 447
  • Pdf File: biological-aspects-of-circadian-rhythms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A "biological clock" has now been inferred in so many and such diverse organisms and tissues that even a summary of the more interesting and important observations would be a tedious and encyclopaedic compila tion, whose bibliography would assume a daunting size. It would also be obsolescent on the day of publication. The new titles appearing in the monthly lists are scattered through many journals, but a new journal devoted exclusively to rhythm research published its first issue in May, 1970-the Journal of Interdisciplinary Cycle Research-and another, Chronobiology, appears in 1973. In this volume several authors have been asked to review separate aspects within their own fields of study, in the hope that thereby the reader might gain an idea of the many directions of active progress and be better placed to interrelate them than would be possible after a more exhaustive study of a limited part of the field. The outcome is a series of essays in which each contributor has exercised his individuality in ideas, style and presentation, and, at some points, in vocabulary, although the glossary includes a number of terms which have been fairly generally used.

Biological Clock in Fish

By Ewa Kulczykowska,Wlodzimierz Popek,B.G. Kapoor
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1439845115
  • Total of Pages : 280
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 822
  • Pdf File: biological-clock-in-fish.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Each organism has its own internal biological clock, which is reset by environmental cues (Zeitgebers), thus keeping it synchronized with the external environment. It is a chemically based oscillating system within cells, relying on molecular feedback loops. Circadian biological clocks exist in most organisms. What is so special about the clock in fish? Where is it located—in the retina, inside the brain, or in the pineal? What is the molecular basis of its function? How is the clock able to keep time in the absence of environmental cues? Although biological clocks have been intensively studied over the past four decades, only recently have the tools needed to examine the molecular basis of circadian rhythms become available. This book reviews the state of knowledge in sufficient detail and presents the latest contributions to the field, showing fish provide a unique model of the circadian biological clock.

The Living Clock

By John D. Palmer
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  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0198032757
  • Total of Pages : 176
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 676
  • Pdf File: the-living-clock.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From one-celled paramecium to giant blue whales, we all have internal clocks that regulate the rhythms we live by. In The Living Clock, John Palmer, one of the world's leading authorities on these rhythms, takes us on a tour of this broad and multifaceted subject, examining everything from glowing fruit flies to the best cures for jet lag. Palmer has a wonderful sense of humor and an eye for the startling fact. We learn that fiddler crabs--in a lab where there are no time nor tide cues--remain active when low tide would occur and motionless during high tide, the same pattern they follow in their natural habitat. (In fact, you can remove a crab's leg and the leg will keep a tidal rhythm as long as it's kept alive.) Moreover, humans are subject to more than one hundred biological rhythms. Mental acuity peaks in the afternoon, for instance, and our blood pressure peaks at seven in the morning (when most heart attacks occur). The time of day you take medication can affect how well it works. And Palmer shows that when our clocks are thrown off kilter, trouble follows, especially for rotating shift workers--the Bhopal spill, the Chernobyl reactor explosion, and the Three Mile Island accident all happened when new crews began early-hour shifts. No one has discovered exactly how our internal clocks work--Palmer says a Nobel Prize awaits that lucky scientist--but they are no less fascinating for their inexplicable nature. Frequently amusing and always eye-opening, The Living Clock is a treat for everyone curious about the nature of life as well as anyone planning a long jet flight.

Biological Timekeeping: Clocks, Rhythms and Behaviour

By Vinod Kumar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 8132236882
  • Total of Pages : 662
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 568
  • Pdf File: biological-timekeeping.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is a concise, comprehensive and up-to-date account of fundamental concepts and potential applications of biological timekeeping mechanisms in animals and humans. It also discusses significant aspects of the organization and importance of timekeeping mechanisms in both groups. Divided into seven sections, it addresses important aspects including fundamental concepts; animal and human clocks; clock interactions; clocks and metabolism and immune functions; pineal, melatonin and timekeeping; and clocks, photoperiodism and seasonal behaviours. The book also focuses on biological clock applications in a 24x7 human society, particularly in connection with life-style associated disorders like obesity and diabetes. It is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduates, researchers and professionals engaged in the study of the science of biological timekeeping.

Circadian Rhythms

By Ezio Rosato
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1597452572
  • Total of Pages : 578
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 649
  • Pdf File: circadian-rhythms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This is an in-depth examination of circadian biology, presented by leading researchers in the field. Methods for analysis of rhythmic readouts in select model organisms are included. This cutting-edge collection of protocols is adaptable for research at every level, and represents the huge strides that chronobiologists have made over the past two decades. Circadian biologists at all research levels will realize tremendous benefit from this extraordinary collection.

Circadian Rhythms in Bacteria and Microbiomes

By Carl Hirschie Johnson,Michael Joseph Rust
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030721582
  • Total of Pages : 415
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 825
  • Pdf File: circadian-rhythms-in-bacteria-and-microbiomes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book addresses multiple aspects of biological clocks in prokaryotes. The first part of the book deals with the circadian clock system in cyanobacteria, i.e. the pioneer of bacterial clocks. Starting with the history and background of cyanobacteria and circadian rhythms in microorganisms, the topics range from the molecular basis, structure and evolution of the circadian clock to modelling approaches, Kai systems in cyanobacteria and biotechnological applications. In the second part, emergent timekeeping properties of bacteria in microbiomes and bacteria other than cyanobacteria are discussed. Since the discovery of circadian rhythms in cyanobacteria in the late 1980s, the field has exploded with new information. The cyanobacterial model system for studying circadian rhythms (Synechococcus elongatus), has allowed a detailed genetic dissection of the bacterial clock due to state-of-the-art methods in molecular, structural, and evolutionary biology. Cutting-edge research spanning from cyanobacteria and circadian phenomena in other kinds of bacteria, to microbiomes has now given the field another major boost. This book is aimed at junior and senior researchers alike. Students or researchers new to the field of biological clocks in prokaryotes will get a comprehensive overview, while more experienced researchers will get an update on the latest developments.

The Genetics of Circadian Rhythms

By
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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Book Code : 0123876982
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 131
  • Pdf File: the-genetics-of-circadian-rhythms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This latest volume in Advances in Genetics covers the genetics of Circadian rhythms. With an international group of authors this volume is the latest offering in this widely praised series.

Sleep, Circadian Rhythms, and Metabolism

By William Olds
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  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1482262657
  • Total of Pages : 378
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 695
  • Pdf File: sleep-circadian-rhythms-and-metabolism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Providing a nuanced study of the connections between sleep, circadian rhythms, and metabolis, this informative book examines how circadian actions affect the liver and adipose tissue, the brain, and metabolism. This important book introduces the reader to circadian rhythms in the body and the external cues that set them, discusses on a molecular and organ level how disrupting these clocks results in metabolic and sleep disorders, and looks at the clinical applications of circadian rhythms, with a focus on sleep. The book covers a variety of important research in the field, including: • The power of computational biology to uncover new nodes in the network of circadian rhythms • Circadian rhythms as they relates to obesity • How late-night shift conditions impair the body’s ability to keep time and promote metabolic diseases and how this can be mitigated by strategic planning of feeding times • The relationship between the suprachiasmatic nuclei and orexin neurons, demonstrating the elegant interplay between our biological clocks and wakefulness • How sleep disorders can result from irregular circadian rhythms and potential ways to diagnose this in individuals • How sleeping behaviors can disturb the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the repercussions of this disruption on female reproduction • How disruption of sleep can be clinically beneficial for depressed patients • How mental state is influenced by circadian rhythm

Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

By Russell Foster,Leon Kreitzman
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  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0191027464
  • Total of Pages : 144
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 303
  • Pdf File: circadian-rhythms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The earth's daily rotation affects just about every living creature. From dawn through to dusk, there are changes in light, temperature, humidity, and rainfall. However, these changes are regular, rhythmic and, therefore, predictable. Thus, the near 24 hour circadian rhythm is innate: a genetically programmed clock that essentially ticks of its own accord. This Very Short Introduction explains how organisms can "know" the time and reveals what we now understand of the nature and operation of chronobiological processes. Covering variables such as light, the metabolism, human health, and the seasons, Foster and Kreitzman illustrate how jet lag and shift work can impact on human well-being, and consider circadian rhythms alongside a wide range of disorders, from schizophrenia to obesity. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Ultradian Rhythms from Molecules to Mind

By David Lloyd,Ernest Rossi
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1402083521
  • Total of Pages : 450
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 540
  • Pdf File: ultradian-rhythms-from-molecules-to-mind.pdf

Book Short Summary:

5. 1. 1 Biological Rhythms and Clocks From an evolutionary perspective, the adaptation of an organism’s behavior to its environment has depended on one of life’s fundamental traits: biological rhythm generation. In virtually all light-sensitive organisms from cyanobacteria to humans, biological clocks adapt cyclic physiology to geophysical time with time-keeping properties in the circadian (24 h), ultradian (24 h) domains (Edmunds, 1988; Lloyd, 1998; Lloyd et al. , 2001; Lloyd and Murray, 2006; Lloyd, 2007; Pittendrigh, 1993; Sweeney and Hastings, 1960) By definition, all rhythms exhibit regular periodicities since they constitute a mechanism of timing. Timing exerted by oscillatory mechanisms are found throughout the biological world and their periods span a wide range from milliseconds, as in the action potential of n- rons and the myocytes, to the slow evolutionary changes that require thousands of generations. In this context, to understand the synchronization of a population of coupled oscillators is an important problem for the dynamics of physiology in living systems (Aon et al. , 2007a, b; Kuramoto, 1984; Strogatz, 2003; Winfree, 1967). Circadian rhythms, the most intensively studied, are devoted to measuring daily 24 h cycles. A variety of physiological processes in a wide range of eukaryotic organisms display circadian rhythmicity which is characterized by the following major properties (Anderson et al. , 1985; Edmunds, 1988): (i) stable, autonomous (self-sustaining) oscillations having a free-running period under constant envir- mental conditions of ca.

Circadian Medicine

By Christopher S. Colwell
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  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1118467795
  • Total of Pages : 376
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 795
  • Pdf File: circadian-medicine.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Circadian rhythms, the biological oscillations based around our24-hour clock, have a profound effect on human physiology andhealthy cellular function. Circadian Rhythms: Health andDisease is a wide-ranging foundational text that providesstudents and researchers with valuable information on the molecularand genetic underpinnings of circadian rhythms and looks at theimpacts of disruption in our biological clocks in health anddisease. Circadian Rhythms opens with chapters that lay thefundamental groundwork on circadian rhythm biology. Section IIlooks at the impact of circadian rhythms on major organ systems.Section III then turns its focus to the central nervous system. Thebook then closes with a look at the role of biological rhythms inaging and neurodegeneration. Written in an accessible and informativestyle, Circadian Rhythms: Health and Disease,will be aninvaluable resource and entry point into this fascinatinginterdisciplinary field that brings together aspects ofneuroscience, cell and molecular biology, and physiology.

Biologic Rhythms in Clinical and Laboratory Medicine

By Yvan Touitou,Erhard Haus
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3642787347
  • Total of Pages : 730
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 338
  • Pdf File: biologic-rhythms-in-clinical-and-laboratory-medicine.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Everyone has heard of nature's "biological clocks", the phenomenon of periodic activity in plants, animals and humans. But what does chronobiology have to do with modern medicine? This book presents in a concise but comprehensive fashion the basic principles of chronobiology and their application to clinical medicine. The chapters are written by specialists in the field; they summarize the physiology, pathophysiology and pathology of the human time structure and outline the application of chronobiologic principles and techniques for diagnosis and treatment.

Insect Clocks

By D. S. Saunders
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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 1483182185
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 981
  • Pdf File: insect-clocks.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Insect Clocks is mainly concerned with the phenomena in which ""environmental time"" has a practical implication for the life of insects for them to perform behavioral or physiological episodes at the ""right time"" and season. This text first discusses the concept of rhythms and clocks, along with the seasonal changes in the environment that affect a particular group of organisms. This book then explains circadian rhythms of insects. Photoperiodism and seasonal cycles of development; photoperiodic response, clock, and counter; and other types of insect clock are also tackled. This text concludes by explaining the anatomical location of photoreceptors and clocks. This publication will be invaluable to those interested in studying insects and their development affected by circles of influences.

The Redox State and Circadian Rhythms

By Thérèse Vanden Driessche,J.L. Guisset,G.M. Petiau-de Vries
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9401595569
  • Total of Pages : 284
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 924
  • Pdf File: the-redox-state-and-circadian-rhythms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Although the term redox covers an important number of chemical reactions, biochemists are more familiar with reactions involving the reactions mediated by electron transfer chains associated with respiration, the thiol-disulfide exchanges and the reactions occurring in the presence of free radicals. More recently, the importance of these reactions in the living world and in medicine has been recognized by biochemists, biologists, physiologists, physicians, etc. The importance of the subject in both fundamental and is reflected by the abundance of interesting reviews applied science concerning the subject (Cadenas, 1989, Del Maestro, 1991) and books (Dreosti, 1991; Rice-Evans and Burdon, 1994; Armstrong, 1994) The aim of this chapter is to describe basic reactions known with references to reviews covering special subjects related to redox reactions. Transformation of energy in living organisms is mediated by complex biological systems such as electron transfer chains where the succession of redox reactions provides energy to the organisms. Molecular oxygen or dioxygen is an essential molecule and is the terminal acceptor of electrons during respiration in eukaryotes. In these organisms, the electron transfer chain is located in the mitochondrial membranes and produces adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In anaerobes, the electron acceptor is C0 , S, sulphate or nitrate ions 2 instead of 02.

Neuronal Input Pathways to the Brain's Biological Clock and their Functional Significance

By Jens Hannibal,J. Fahrenkrug
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3540277897
  • Total of Pages : 76
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 988
  • Pdf File: neuronal-input-pathways-to-the-brain-s-biological-clock-and-their-functional-significance.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rhythmic changes in physiology and behaviour within a 24 h period occur in living organisms on earth to meet the challenges associated with the daily changes in the external environment. The circadian pacemaker responsible for the temporal internal organisation and the generation of endogenous rhythms of approximately 24 h is located in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) in mammals. The endogenous period generated by the pacemaker is close to, but generally not equal to 24 h and the biological clock therefore needs to be daily adjusted (entrained) by external cues. The daily alteration of light and darkness due to the rotation of our planet on its own axis in relation to the sun is the most prominent "zeitgeber" which adjusts the phase of the circadian rhythms to the astronomical day length, a process known as photoentrainment. In mammals, light is perceived only through photoreceptors located in the retina. Light information is mediated to the SCN via the retinohypothalamic tract (RHT) by activation of the classical photoreceptor system of rods and cones and a more recently identified system of intrinsic photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) using melanopsin as a photopigment.

Biological Rhythms and Medicine

By A. Reinberg,M. H. Smolensky
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1461394961
  • Total of Pages : 305
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 329
  • Pdf File: biological-rhythms-and-medicine.pdf

Book Short Summary:

During the past decade many review papers and books have been devoted to descriptions and analyses of biological rhythms (chronobiology) in plants and animals. These contributed greatly to demonstrating the impor tance of bioperiodicities in living beings in general. However, the practi cal aspects of chronobiology with regard to human health and improving the treatment of disease have not yet been a major focus of publication. One of our aims is to establish the relevance of biological rhythms to the practice of medicine. Another is to organize and convey in a simple fashion information pertinent to health- and life-science professionals so that students, researchers, and practitioners can achieve a clear and pre cise understanding of chronobiology. We have limited scientific jargon to unavoidable basic and well-defined terms and we have emphasized illus trative examples of facts and concepts rather than theories or hypotheti cal mechanisms. This volume is divided into seven chapters, each of which is compre hensive in its treatment and includes an extensive bibliography. The book is organized to serve as a textbook and/or reference handbook of modem applied chronobiology. Chapter 1 describes the historical development of chronobiology and reviews why, when, and how major concepts were introduced, accepted, and transformed.

Aging and Biological Rhythms

By H. V. Samis
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1475744609
  • Total of Pages : 342
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 717
  • Pdf File: aging-and-biological-rhythms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Aging is one of the most serious and costly health problems in the Western world. A disproportionate amount of the available health care capability is devoted to the health care of the aged and the cost of this care is soaring. Viewed in wide perspective, aging presents two problems for the researcher's consideration. First is that of providing the most efficacious therapeutic regi mens and the best possible care for those already in their latter years. The second is to determine the cause or causes for senes cence and all its attendant problems in order to decrease the im pact of senescence on general health and well being. This volume is aimed at examining possible relationships be tween biological time structure and aging and ways by which these interrelationships might be examined in terms of both the causes of senescence and the management of health problems of the elderly. The purpose of the volume is to stir the interests of chronobiolo gists in gerontology and those of gerontologists and geriatricians in chronobiology.

Physiology and Pharmacology of Biological Rhythms

By Peter H. Redfern,B. Lemmer
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3662093553
  • Total of Pages : 668
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 258
  • Pdf File: physiology-and-pharmacology-of-biological-rhythms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Measured by any criteria, research in chronobiology in general and chronopharmacology in particular has expanded rapidly in recent years. This expansion has been paralleled by an increasing recognition by those outside the field of the relevance and significance of recent developments in chronobiology. Advances in two areas have been chiefly responsible. First, application of the full range of modern techniques in behavioral, neurochemical, and molecular biology have greatly improved our understanding of basic clock mechanisms. In several species the genetic basis of the circadian clock is being progressively delineated. A complete picture of the neurochemical and neuroanatomical structure of the mammalian clock is emerging and the complex pattern of control mechanisms involving endogenous clock mechan isms and photic and nonphotic zeitgebers is being built up as a result of behavioral studies. Secondly, in parallel with these exciting developments in basic science, clinical applications are being convincingly demonstrated in the general fields of pharmacology and medicine as well as in specific areas, e.g., jet lag, shiftwork maladaption syndrome, blindness, and cardiovascular system. It is therefore an opportune time to review progress in the field of chronopharmacology and to introduce some of the exciting developments and prospects to a readership beyond the confines of the chronobiological cognoscenti. This volume is therefore aimed primarily at the pharmacologist - whether basic, applied, or clinical-who is not a specialist in chronobiology.

Biological Rhythms and Endocrine Function

By Laurence Hedlund
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1468487159
  • Total of Pages : 194
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 592
  • Pdf File: biological-rhythms-and-endocrine-function.pdf

Book Short Summary:

These Proceedinqs of the Midwest Conference on Endocrinology and Metabolism are being published by Plenum Press for the first time. Earlier Proceedings in the series Vlere published by the University of Missouri at Columbia. The shift to an internationally recognized pub lisher reflects the considerable growth in stature that the Midwest Con ferences have undergone since their inception nine years ago. Originally concerned only with the endocrinology of the thyroid, the Conferences now explore other endocrine areas. Efforts are made to assemble a panel of speakers selected from different sub-disciplines within endocrinology for the purpose of addressing a common problem. The Ninth Conference typifi es til i s approach. The format used in recent Conferences is not unique, but is unfor tunately encountered too rarely. A few prominent scholars are invited to come together to expound their findings and concepts in considerable depth, and to participate in a discussion which, together with the for mal presentation, is published in the Proceedings. The discussion, noted for its unhurried nature, permits wide participation by the audi ence. The subject of the Ninth Conference is one which is basic and im portant not only to endocrinology but also to biology in general. Many, possibly most, life processes change in a rhythmic fashion, with similar states recurring at regular time intervals. This rhythmic property of living systems expresses itself as a recognizable and definable pattern or "time-form" in a manner equivalent to the more customary spatial form.

The Geometry of Biological Time

By Arthur T. Winfree
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1475734840
  • Total of Pages : 779
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 931
  • Pdf File: the-geometry-of-biological-time.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Dealing with dynamics of processes that repeat themselves regularly, this revised and updated edition extends the thread from 1980 to the present day, concentrating on areas of interest where there will be much activity in the future. This involves going through spatial biochemical, electrophysiological, and organismic dynamical systems and patterns that were discovered by pursuing the theme of phase singularities introduced in the original book. In particular the work on excitability in cell membranes will be thoroughly updated as will the references throughout the book.

Chronopharmaceutics

By Bi-Botti C. Youan
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  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 9780470498385
  • Total of Pages : 376
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 759
  • Pdf File: chronopharmaceutics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Chronopharmaceutics Science and Technology for Biological Rhythm Guided Therapy and Prevention of Diseases Edited by Bi-Botti C. Youan The first standard reference on chronopharmaceutics As we better understand how biological processes unfold in real time through advances in chronobiology and related fields, we can create safer, more effective drugs, drug delivery systems, and disease monitoring and prevention systems. When administered in correct coordination with a patient's body rhythms, such drugs can maximize therapeutic outcome while minimizing unwanted side effects. Chronopharmaceutics presents the first standard reference text on this emerging cross-disciplinary field and its potential for therapeutic and preventive medicine. Bringing together the latest findings from experienced investigators, this edited work presents a much-needed single source on chronopharmaceutics. After an introduction that includes a timeline of key discoveries, an overview of regula-tory, formulation, manufacturing and key resource issues associated with chronopharmaceutics, the detailed coverage examines: Chronogenetics Chronopharmacokinetics Chronotherapy Controlled release systems triggered by physical and/or chemical activation Chronopharmacodynamics, chronomics, and anesthesia Markers-guided chronotheranostics Filling a gap in both the graduate classroom and the working industrial or research laboratory, Chronopharmaceutics offers students, instructors, and professionals a unique and comprehensive reference for this cutting-edge field.

The Circadian Clock

By Urs Albrecht
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1441912622
  • Total of Pages : 300
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 875
  • Pdf File: the-circadian-clock.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With the invitation to edit this volume, I wanted to take the opportunity to assemble reviews on different aspects of circadian clocks and rhythms. Although most c- tributions in this volume focus on mammalian circadian clocks, the historical int- duction and comparative clocks section illustrate the importance of various other organisms in deciphering the mechanisms and principles of circadian biology. Circadian rhythms have been studied for centuries, but only recently, a mole- lar understanding of this process has emerged. This has taken research on circadian clocks from mystic phenomenology to a mechanistic level; chains of molecular events can describe phenomena with remarkable accuracy. Nevertheless, current models of the functioning of circadian clocks are still rudimentary. This is not due to the faultiness of discovered mechanisms, but due to the lack of undiscovered processes involved in contributing to circadian rhythmicity. We know for example, that the general circadian mechanism is not regulated equally in all tissues of m- mals. Hence, a lot still needs to be discovered to get a full understanding of cir- dian rhythms at the systems level. In this respect, technology has advanced at high speed in the last years and provided us with data illustrating the sheer complexity of regulation of physiological processes in organisms. To handle this information, computer aided integration of the results is of utmost importance in order to d- cover novel concepts that ultimately need to be tested experimentally.

Rhythms in Fishes

By M.A. Ali
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1461530423
  • Total of Pages : 348
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 247
  • Pdf File: rhythms-in-fishes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Tush, my good lord, this superficial tale Is but a preface of her worthy praise; King Henry the Sixth: Part I, Act V, Sc. 5 This volume is the direct result of a NATO. Advanced Study Institute (ASI) of the same title, held at Bishop's University, Lennoxville, Quebec, Canada in August 1991. All the major presentations had been commissioned, so to speak, during the organisational phase. This was done with the view of not only having a structured ASI, whIch is expected to be a high-level tutorial activity, but also the ensuing volume. As will be indicated in the general introduction, there have been a couple of meetings and publications dealing with rhythms in fishes in the past twenty years. However, as in other disciplines, there has been substantial progress in this field also. Further, I wished to cover almost all aspects and come out with a volme which will be as complete as possible. Of course, this failed to materialise. In spite of starting the arrangements two years before the event, several lecturers were not able to attend due to a number of reasons. Some could be replaced while others could not Taking into account their individual specialties, I asked about twenty active workers in the field to provide provoking overviews, not simply reviews of their own work. Also, this being a NATO.

Circadian Physiology

By Roberto Refinetti, PhD.
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 9781420048216
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 287
  • Pdf File: circadian-physiology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Long before Apollo 11 blasted off for the moon, astronauts Neil Armstrong, "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins simulated actual space conditions to prepare their bodies for the long voyage to earth's only natural satellite. And before some U.S. professional athletes compete on another continent, they alter their eating and sleeping patterns to adapt themselves for the shift in time zones. Practices such as these are all related to the regulation of the human body's biological rhythms, which are controlled by the 'body clock'. Circadian Physiology highlights the basic processes and latest research findings in circadian biology, and describes how this knowledge applies to the prevention of jet lag and the malaise associated with shift work, the treatment of sleep disorders and depression, the timing for effective administration of medicines, and the planning of astronaut schedules for space exploration. Targeted at life scientists who are not specialists in biological rhythms, the book is also accessible to general readers who have an interest in scientific issues and their applicability to health and business problems. To provide the in-depth understanding of circadian phenomena required for the analysis of actual research data, the author has included software for data analysis and simulation that will allow readers to put into practice the formal knowledge acquired through the disciplinary chapters. With its accessible, up-to-date review of scientific and medical advances, Circadian Physiology is a valuable addition to the growing field of circadian biology.

Cellular Rhythms and Networks

By Qing Yan
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  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319228196
  • Total of Pages : 87
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 897
  • Pdf File: cellular-rhythms-and-networks.pdf

Book Short Summary:

​This book provides an overview of circadian rhythms and cellular networks in their relation to biological systems and dynamical medicine. Six concise chapters explore circadian cell rhythms and biomarkers in inflammation, cardiovascular disease, cancer, depression, and more in causing and treating these ailments. The final chapter discusses optimization of drug delivery and individualized treatment systems using chronotherapy and chronobiology-based biomarkers as a general system of medicine. Succinct yet comprehensive, Cellular Rhythms and Networks, part of SpringerBriefs in Cell Biology presents a novel framework for clinical applications in personalized and systems medicine. It is invaluable reading for researchers and clinicians in cell biology, mood disorders, and systems medicine.

Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders

By R. Robert Auger
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  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030438031
  • Total of Pages : 247
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 138
  • Pdf File: circadian-rhythm-sleep-wake-disorders.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book resolves to bridge the communication gap between research and clinical practice for circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders. Beginning with a scientific background on biological timekeeping, opening chapters describe the crucial nature of maintaining delicate temporal organization of physiological and molecular events within the body. Following this are discussions on circadian physiology and methods of circadian assessments. Subsequent chapters then relay comprehensive information regarding the International Classification of Sleep Disorders-defined circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWDs), specifically discussing etiology and epidemiology, but focusing on evidence-based treatment data. Concluding discussions provide guidance for the application of light therapy and discuss future roles for optimized lighting environments. Nuanced and market-demanded, Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders: An Evidence-Based Guide for Clinicians and Investigators is an invaluable resource for Sleep Medicine clinicians, circadian researchers, and other interested parties.

Hypothalamic Integration of Circadian Rhythms

By R.M. Buijs,A. Kalsbeek,H.J. Romijn,M. Mirmiran,C.M.A. Pennartz
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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0080862365
  • Total of Pages : 388
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 329
  • Pdf File: hypothalamic-integration-of-circadian-rhythms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The International Summer School of Brain Research, on which this book is based, was organized by the Netherlands Institute for Brain research (NIBR), which has a rich history dating back to the beginning of the century. The focus of interest in this present volume of Progress in Brain Research are the few thousand neurons at the base of the hypothalamus that form the biological clock. Attention is focused on the mechanisms underlying the generation of circadian rhythmicity within our biological clock, which is still far from understood. Contributions originating from many disciplines give updates on the latest theories on the molecular and electrophysiological basis of the pacemaker mechanism, and the various approaches used in different species. Attention is also paid to the way the signal of the biological clock is transferred to the rest of the central nervous system. New data on the role of the suprachiasmatic nucleus and its impact on the functioning of the human being is presented. Altogether an excellent volume which will further the understanding of this elusive material.

Circadian Clocks: Role in Health and Disease

By Michelle L. Gumz
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  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1493934503
  • Total of Pages : 378
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 748
  • Pdf File: circadian-clocks.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book sheds new light on the molecular mechanisms that generate circadian rhythms. It examines how biological rhythms influence physiological processes such as sleep, hormone synthesis and secretion, immunity, kidney function, the cardiovascular system, blood pressure, and the digestive system. Clinical implications are considered while exploring the impact of rhythms on neuropsychiatric disorders and chronotherapy’s potential for reducing cardiovascular risk. Offering a cross-section of expertise in both basic and translational (bench-to-bedside) research, this book serves as a guide for physicians and scientists who wish to learn more about the impact of circadian rhythms on physiological processes in health and disease.