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Arms for the Horn

By Jeffrey A. Lefebvre
  • ISBN Code: : 0822970317
  • Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
  • Pages : 360
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 761
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : arms-for-the-horn.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Using a great power-small power theoretical approach and advancing a supplier-recipient barganing model, Jeffery Lefebvre attempts to explain what the United States has paid for its relations with two weak and vulnerable arms recipients in the Horn of Africa. Through massive documentation and extensive interviewing, Lefebvre sorts through the confusions and shifts of the United States’ post-World War II relations with Ethiopia and Somalia, two primary antagonists in the Horn of Africa. He consulted State Department, Pentagon, and AID officials, congressional staffers, current and former ambassadors, and Ethiopian and Somali government advisers. The story of U.S. arms transfers to northeast Africa is tangled and complex. In 1953, 1960, and 1964-66, the United States entered into various arms provision deals with Ethiopia, spurred by the Soviet-sponsored buildup in the region. Policy changed in the 1970s: Nixon refused a large aid request in 1973, and in 1977 Carter ended Ethiopia’s military aid on human rights grounds and denied aid to Somalia during the 1977-78 Ogaden War. Reversing this policy, the Reagan administration extended military aid to Somalia despite its aggressive moves against Ethiopia. Changes in U.S. relations and the revolution in Somalia have altered the picture once more. Jeffery Lefebvre concludes that U.S. diplomacy in northeast Africa has been overly influenced by a cold war mentality. In their obsession with countering Soviet pressure in the Third World, Washington decision makers exposed U.S. interests to unnecessary risks and given far too much for value received during four decades of vacillating and misguided foreign policy. Arms for the Horn should interest all concerned with arms transfer issues and security studies, as well as specialist in Africa and the Middle East.

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  • Pdf File: for-whom-the-horn-doth-honk.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A ludicrous story about a farcical place. Yoxford University came to the attention of the press some years ago and was dubbed the home of the strange, the deranged and a small fortune. The university was only in the public eye for a few days then all returned to normal and no more was thought of the press reports, no more that is until the recent death of Professor Richard Chaleskins. The professor died a very bizarre death and apparently by suicide. This was shocking enough for all on campus but they were shocked further the next morning when many received a package in the post that Professor Charleskins had apparently posted just before he took his own life. The packages contained copies of a book he had written and had had privately and secretly printed. The book contained cloaked warnings that the historical press reports of Yoxfords small fortune had attracted the interest of organised crime and that they were now about to pounce. To add emphasis to his warning the copy he sent the universitys dean he renamed for whom the horn doth honk, it honks for thee Basil Friggwynt-Witt.

Organized Crime and States

By J. Briquet,G. Favarel-Garrigues
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0230110037
  • Total of Pages : 250
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 702
  • Pdf File: organized-crime-and-states.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In contrast to a globalizing approach to 'transnational organized crime,' this edited volume studies socio-historical environments in which mafia-esque violence has found a fertile ground for growth and development within the political arena.

Crisis in the Horn of Africa

By Peter Woodward
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 0857724223
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 347
  • Pdf File: crisis-in-the-horn-of-africa.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The most dangerous corner of Africa is its north-eastern Horn where instability reigns and terrorism thrives on the antagonisms of all it governments.The Horn of Africa comprising Ethiopia,Sudan and now South Sudan,Somalia,Djibouti,Eritrea,and stretching to include Kenya and Uganda, is a pivotal geopolitical pressure point in world politics.It stands at the hinge of Africa and the Middle East.It was of vital interest to the superpowers during the Cold War,attracting constant and unprofitable intervention.In the post-Cold War period regional political chaos,including failed states,terrorism and international piracy,has struck the death blow to the ambitions of the International Community's New World Order. The problems of the Horn,political,ideological,religious and ethnic, are compounded by natural disasters of widespread drought and famine,and have invited intervention by governments and NGOs.Tony Blair in his speech on the 'Doctrine of the International Community' referred to the suffering of Africa as 'a scar on the conscience of humanity'.But the New World Order's aim of 'good governance'-free elections,a free press,independent judiciary,recognition of human rights,gender equality and effective government free of corruption- seems as far off as ever. Of the many striking examples perhaps Somalia stands out as a failed state-and predatory state to the majority of its peoples-and as a seat of international terror and a society which has even spawned the present scourge of international piracy.International attention on the Horn is not limited to altruism in face of suffering with the burgeoning economic superpowers,China and India, exploiting mineral and land resources. So international rivalry-a traditional factor in the Horn's instability-will continue to haunt both its peoples and the international community. Peter Woodward's survey of the history, and regional and international relations of the Horn of Africa shows the crises have deep historical roots predating present state boundaries.These have been shaped by imperialism,sharpened by independence and by the Cold War.Chaos in the Horn has frustrated the ambitions of the post-Cold War's New World Order.This book is essential reading for all students of history,international relations and policy planners.

Ethiopian-Eritrean Wars. Volume 2

By Tom Cooper,Adrien Fontanellaz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Helion and Company
  • Book Code : 1913118355
  • Total of Pages : 80
  • Category : History
  • Members : 105
  • Pdf File: ethiopian-eritrean-wars-volume-2.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Ethiopia, a country of ancient origins in eastern Africa, remains a military powerhouse of that continent until our days. Nowadays involved in the war in neighboring Somalia, Ethiopia was also involved in half a dozen of other armed conflicts over the last 60 years. Crucial between these was the Eritrean War of Independence. Fought 1961-1991, this was one of biggest armed conflicts on the African continent, especially if measured by numbers of involved combatants. It included a wide spectrum of operations, from ‘classic’ counterinsurgency (COIN) to conventional warfare in mountains – with the latter being one of the most complex and most demanding undertakings possible to conduct by a military force. Campaigns run during the Eritrean War of Independence often included large formations of relatively well-equipped forces, led by well-trained commanders, along well-thought-out plans, based on homegrown doctrine. The air power played a crucial – although not necessarily decisive – role in many of battles. Nevertheless, most of details about this conflict remain unknown in the wider public. Similarly, relatively few Western observers are aware of relations between the Eritrean liberation movements, and various dissident and insurgent movements inside Ethiopia – although the synergy of these eventually led the downfall of the so-called Derg government, in 1991. While the first volume in this mini-series spanned the history of wars between Ethiopia and Eritrea between 1961 and 1988, the second covers the period since. Correspondingly, it is providing coverage of military operations that led to the fall of the Derg government in Ethiopia of 1991, the period of Eritrean military buildup and a complete reorganization of the Ethiopian military in the 1990s, and concludes with the first detailed account of the so-called Badme War, fought between Ethiopia and Eritrea in period 1998-2001. It is illustrated by many contemporary photographs, maps and color profiles.

The Horns of Moses

By David H. Brandin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : iUniverse
  • Book Code : 9780595884094
  • Total of Pages : 292
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 974
  • Pdf File: the-horns-of-moses.pdf

Book Short Summary:

David Green wants payback. It's been more than thirty years since his son, Aaron, was murdered by Arabs in the 1973 Yom Kippur War. And after the 2006 war in Lebanon between Israel and Hezbollah, Green has abandoned all hope that the Israelis can defeat the Arab militants. Now it's 2007, and David is ready to avenge his son's death-on his own terms. David calls on his oldest group of friends, the Stony Island Gang, to help him execute Project Moses, his brazen plan to send terminally ill Jewish suicide bombers into Palestine and Lebanon to target one hundred Arab terrorists. Together, the men argue the moral implications of David's proposal. Echoing the centuries-old debate over the horns on Michelangelo's statue of Moses, they question whether murder is always unthinkable or sometimes justifiable. Despite misgivings, the gang puts Project Moses into action and begins the hunt for willing recruits. As their scheme takes shape, David and his friends cannot possibly know the chaos, suspicion, and international panic that are about to ensue. Can murder and treachery possibly pave the road to peace?

The Cold War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection [5 volumes]

By Spencer C. Tucker
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Book Code : 1440860769
  • Total of Pages : 2181
  • Category : History
  • Members : 778
  • Pdf File: the-cold-war.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This sweeping reference work covers every aspect of the Cold War, from its ignition in the ashes of World War II, through the Berlin Wall and the Cuban Missile Crisis, to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Cold War superpower face-off between the Soviet Union and the United States dominated international affairs in the second half of the 20th century and still reverberates around the world today. This comprehensive and insightful multivolume set provides authoritative entries on all aspects of this world-changing event, including wars, new military technologies, diplomatic initiatives, espionage activities, important individuals and organizations, economic developments, societal and cultural events, and more. This expansive coverage provides readers with the necessary context to understand the many facets of this complex conflict. The work begins with a preface and introduction and then offers illuminating introductory essays on the origins and course of the Cold War, which are followed by some 1,500 entries on key individuals, wars, battles, weapons systems, diplomacy, politics, economics, and art and culture. Each entry has cross-references and a list of books for further reading. The text includes more than 100 key primary source documents, a detailed chronology, a glossary, and a selective bibliography. Numerous illustrations and maps are inset throughout to provide additional context to the material. Includes more than 1,500 entries covering all facets of the Cold War from its origins to its aftermath, including all political, diplomatic, military, social, economic, and cultural aspects Incorporates the scholarship of more than 200 internationally recognized contributors from around the world, many writing about events and issues from the perspective of their country of origin Offers more than 100 original documents—a collection that draws heavily on material from archives in China, Eastern Europe, and the former Soviet Union Provides hundreds of powerful images and dozens of informative maps detailing specific military conflicts and movements of various groups Includes a detailed chronology of important events that occurred before, during, and after the Cold War

The Collectet Works

By Ernest Hemingway
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 1880
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 570
  • Pdf File: the-collectet-works.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Ernest Hemingway is considered as one of the greatest American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory—had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his adventurous lifestyle and his public image brought him admiration from later generations. Moreover, his prolific and influential writing brought him the much-coveted Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. The present edition brings to you his world-famous works for your absolute reading pleasure. Contents: Novels & Novellas: The Torrents of Spring The Sun Also Rises A Farewell to Arms For Whom the Bell Tolls Across the River and into the Trees The Old Man and the Sea Short Stories Collection: Three Stories and Ten Poems In Our Time (1924 edition) In Our Time (1930 edition) Men Without Women Winner Take Nothing Non-Fiction: Death in the Afternoon Green Hills of Africa

The Greatest Works of Ernest Hemingway

By Ernest Hemingway
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 1890
  • Category : Literary Collections
  • Members : 961
  • Pdf File: the-greatest-works-of-ernest-hemingway.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Authors of the "Lost Generation," as Gertrude Stein coined it, had seen the ravages of the two World Wars, coming at close heels, as both witnesses and participants. Amongst these authors, Hemingway has a special place in American literature. His works were dipped in his experiences and disillusionment with the Great War and ushered in a new sentiment on the literary scene. Indulge in the simple but powerful prose of Hemingway with these hand-picked selections and relive those momentous decades. Contents: Novels & Novellas: The Torrents of Spring The Sun Also Rises A Farewell to Arms For Whom the Bell Tolls Across the River and into the Trees The Old Man and the Sea Short Stories Collection: Three Stories and Ten Poems In Our Time (1924 edition) In Our Time (1930 edition) Men Without Women Winner Take Nothing Non-Fiction: Death in the Afternoon Green Hills of Africa