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Arab Development Outlook

By United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
  • ISBN Code: : 9210584090
  • Publisher : United Nations
  • Pages : 222
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 373
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : arab-development-outlook.pdf

Book Excerpt :

The Arab region is in crisis and it is easy to succumb to pessimism about its future. This report, however, embraces a vision of hope: one that illustrates the many ways in which the region can act to ensure its future security and prosperity. It envisages a day when authoritarianism, occupation, foreign domination and all forms of discrimination end. A vision of human development and economic prosperity implies that citizens are free to voice their opinions and practice their beliefs without fear, the rule of law applies equally to all, and the basic necessities for a decent life are affordable even for the least fortunate. It calls for choices to be made in order to lay the foundations of an inclusive society, so as not to slip further into a spiral of deepening violence, instability and recession that would undermine development for generations to come.This report presents a vision of improved governance, advanced social justice and human well-being, transformed economies, and intensified regional integration; in short, an Arab region at peace, stable and prosperous.

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Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : United Nations
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  • Pdf File: sustainable-development-outlook-2019.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • Book Code : 1464811539
  • Total of Pages : 174
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  • Members : 397
  • Pdf File: eruptions-of-popular-anger.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Eruptions of Popular Anger: The Economics of the Arab Spring and Its Aftermath sets out to answer three puzzles—the “Arab inequality†? puzzle of civil uprisings in countries with low-to-moderate and stagnant economic inequality, the “unhappy development†? paradox of increasing dissatisfaction at a time of moderate-to-rapid development, and the paradox of political violence in middle-income countries. The book’s empirical investigation rules out high and rising inequality as a reason for the Arab Spring uprisings. It shows that the real problem was the erosion in middle-class incomes and the growing dissatisfaction with the quality of life, the shortage of formal sector jobs, and corruption. Frustration was particularly high among the young, educated, middle-class residents in urban areas. The old social contract, which had delivered development results in the past and under which Arab governments provided public-sector jobs and subsidized services in return for subdued voice, was unsustainable and malfunctioning. The public sector could no longer be the employer of choice, but the private sector did not generate enough formal sector jobs, because of distortions that constrained its growth and policies that offered advantages to a few firms with political connections, limiting competition and private investment. The breakdown in the social contract increased the premium on freedom and created impetus for political change. This report shows that the Arab Spring revolutions and the subsequent spread of violence and civil wars in the post†“Arab Spring Middle East and North Africa region can be traced to the broken social contract, institutional weaknesses, and regional divisions in societies polarized along ethnic and sectarian lines. The Arab Spring and its aftermath indicate the need for a new social contract under which governments promote private-sector job creation, design public services in a way that holds providers accountable to beneficiaries, and promote inclusion and good governance.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rand Corporation
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  • Total of Pages : 100
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  • Pdf File: the-outlook-for-arab-gulf-cooperation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Total of Pages : 130
  • Category :
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  • Pdf File: global-outlook-on-financing-for-sustainable-development-2021-a-new-way-to-invest-for-people-and-planet.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • Total of Pages : 202
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  • Pdf File: arab-regionalism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • Total of Pages : 120
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  • Pdf File: regional-economic-outlook-middle-east-and-central-asia-october-2014.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: multidisciplinary-perspectives-in-cryptology-and-information-security.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With the prevalence of digital information, IT professionals have encountered new challenges regarding data security. In an effort to address these challenges and offer solutions for securing digital information, new research on cryptology methods is essential. Multidisciplinary Perspectives in Cryptology and Information Security considers an array of multidisciplinary applications and research developments in the field of cryptology and communication security. This publication offers a comprehensive, in-depth analysis of encryption solutions and will be of particular interest to IT professionals, cryptologists, and researchers in the field.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • Pdf File: reviving-arab-reform.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Reviving Arab Reform seeks to understand the key factors that have inhibited a reliable reform programme in the Middle East following the 2010s Arab Spring riots and unrest. It also provides suggestions for policymakers on how to design, execute, and assess an effective reform program suitable for Arab circumstances.

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  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 75
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  • Pdf File: how-the-international-development-bank-will-work.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: the-political-economy-of-arab-food-sovereignty.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • Total of Pages : 344
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  • Pdf File: higher-education-in-the-arab-world.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136251855
  • Total of Pages : 18
  • Category : Social Science
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  • Pdf File: the-future-of-the-arab-nation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is the place of the Arab states as a new world order emerges? How can the Arab world respond positively to change as the new Europe emerges, political relationships are restructured, and the information revolution transforms the global economy? To what extent are the Arab states in danger of falling prey to increasing disunity and fragmentation? The book is the result of a major research programme in which Arab social scientists outline some of the paths which could be taken by the Arab world over the next 25 years. It presents a detailed analysis of resources in the Arab world – including population, employment, oil and water supplies and the trade and investment situation. The authors argue for greater popular participation and reassert the argument that only by pooling resources effectively can the Arab states establish their place in a world of national and supra-national blocs.

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By OECD,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Book Code : 9264989579
  • Total of Pages : 337
  • Category :
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  • Pdf File: oecd-fao-agricultural-outlook-2021-2030.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2021-2030 is a collaborative effort of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation Development (OECD) and the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, prepared with input from Member governments and international commodity organisations. It provides a consensus assessment of the ten-year prospects for agricultural commodity, fish and biofuel markets at national, regional and global levels, and serves as a reference for forward-looking policy analysis and planning. The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2021-2030 presents the trends driving food and agricultural markets over the coming decade. While progress is expected on many important fronts, in order to realize the 2030 Agenda and achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs), concerted actions and additional improvements will be needed by the agricultural sector. More information can be found at www.agri-outlook.org.

The Economics of Political Transitions

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Book Code : 1475543603
  • Total of Pages : 13
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 504
  • Pdf File: the-economics-of-political-transitions.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Over the past two years, ongoing political transitions in many Arab countries have led to social unrest and an economic downturn. This paper examines comparable historical episodes of political instability to derive implications for the near- and medium-term economic outlook in the Arab countries in transition. In general, past episodes of political instability were characterized by a sharp deterioration in macroeconomic outcomes and a sluggish recovery over the medium term. Recent economic developments in the Arab countries in transition seem to be unfolding along similar lines, although the weak external environment and large fiscal vulnerabilities could result in a prolonged slump.

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By Yusuf A. Sayigh
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 131759388X
  • Total of Pages : 287
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 729
  • Pdf File: arab-oil-policies-in-the-1970s.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Until 1973 few people, either in the advanced, industrial countries or in the developing countries of the Third World, thought seriously on the issues and complexities involved in the production and marketing of the oil on which they relied. It was only with the sudden steep increases in oil prices that the oil industry became a matter of general discussion, and the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) became a front page topic for analysis and comment. However, real understanding of the organisation and its policies did not accompany this rush of interest and much confusion has followed. In particular, the Arab exporters have received the weight of the criticism although they have only a share in the market and not a monopoly. This book attempts to instil a greater mutual understanding between oil exporters and importers, although it is not a wholesale endorsement of Arab policies, by outlining the major policy areas in this field. It looks at new policy options and their implications in exploration, marketing and pricing and at downstream operations such as the petrochemical and gas industries. In conclusion, this study identifies the wide-ranging opportunities that the new oil policies have opened up for the Arab countries, in the national, regional and international context, and assesses and clarifies the responsibilities which accompany this success. First published in 1983.

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  • Pdf File: world-economic-situation-and-prospects-2020.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This is the United Nations definitive report on the state of the world economy, providing global and regional economic outlook for 2020 and 2021. Produced by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the five United Nations regional commissions, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, with contributions from the UN World Tourism Organization and other intergovernmental agencies.

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  • Pdf File: the-world-community-and-the-arab-spring.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This edited volume offers an understanding of how the international community, as a collection of significant actors including major states and intergovernmental institutions, has responded to the important political and social development of the Arab Spring. Contributors analyze the response by international organizations (UN, EU, NATO), big powers (US, Russia, China, UK), regional powers (Turkey, Iran, Israel, Saudi Arabia) and small powers (Kuwait, Qatar). The book thus makes a sound contribution to the existing literature on the Arab Spring in form of foreign policy analysis and provides an overview of the current shape and outlook of global politics.

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By United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • Pdf File: developing-the-capacity-of-escwa-member-countries-to-address-the-water-and-energy-nexus-for-achieving-sustainable-development-goals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The water and energy nexus regional policy toolkit was prepared as part of the United Nations Development Account (UNDA) project on developing the capacity of ESCWA Member Countries to address the water and energy nexus for achieving Sustainable Development Goals. This project aims to build the capacity of ministries and public service providers in the Arab region to examine and address the water and energy nexus in an integrated manner.

When Can Oil Economies Be Deemed Sustainable?

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Book Short Summary:

This open access book questions the stereotype depicting all Gulf (GCC) economies as not sustainable, and starts a critical discussion of what these economies and polities should do to guarantee themselves a relatively stable future. Volatile international oil markets and the acceleration of the energy transition has challenged the notion that oil revenues are sufficient to sustain oil economies in the near to medium term. But what is the meaning of economic sustainability? The book discusses the multiple dimensions of the concept: economic diversification, continuing value of resources, taxation and fiscal development, labor market sustainability, sustainable income distribution, environmental sustainability, political order (democracy or authoritarianism) and sustainability, regional integration. The overarching message in this book is that we should move on from the simplistic branding of the Gulf economies as unsustainable and tackle the details of which adaptations they might need to undertake.

Arab Media Systems

By Carola Richter ,Claudia Kozman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Open Book Publishers
  • Book Code : 1800640625
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
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  • Pdf File: arab-media-systems.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume provides a comparative analysis of media systems in the Arab world, based on criteria informed by the historical, political, social, and economic factors influencing a country’s media. Reaching beyond classical western media system typologies, Arab Media Systems brings together contributions from experts in the field of media in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) to provide valuable insights into the heterogeneity of this region’s media systems. It focuses on trends in government stances towards media, media ownership models, technological innovation, and the role of transnational mobility in shaping media structure and practices. Each chapter in the volume traces a specific country’s media – from Lebanon to Morocco – and assesses its media system in terms of historical roots, political and legal frameworks, media economy and ownership patterns, technology and infrastructure, and social factors (including diversity and equality in gender, age, ethnicities, religions, and languages). This book is a welcome contribution to the field of media studies, constituting the only edited collection in recent years to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of Arab media systems. As such, it will be of great use to students and scholars in media, journalism and communication studies, as well as political scientists, sociologists, and anthropologists with an interest in the MENA region.

Democratization in the Arab World

By Laurel E. Miller,Jeffrey Martini,F. Stephen Larrabee,Angel Rabasa,Stephanie Pezard
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rand Corporation
  • Book Code : 0833072080
  • Total of Pages : 434
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 988
  • Pdf File: democratization-in-the-arab-world.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Daunting challenges lie ahead for Arab countries where revolutions have upended longstanding authoritarian regimes. This monograph aims to help policymakers understand the challenges ahead, form well-founded expectations, shape diplomatic approaches, and take practical steps to foster positive change.

OECD Regional Outlook 2021 Addressing COVID-19 and Moving to Net Zero Greenhouse Gas Emissions

By OECD
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Book Code : 9264988351
  • Total of Pages : 222
  • Category :
  • Members : 430
  • Pdf File: oecd-regional-outlook-2021-addressing-covid-19-and-moving-to-net-zero-greenhouse-gas-emissions.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The COVID-19 crisis has revealed the close relationship between environmental risks and those to the foundations of human well-being – and the cascading effects on the economy and society. It has also highlighted the importance of anticipation and early action. These are also key to integrating climate policy into regional development, albeit on a larger scale.

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By Abbas Ali
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 113569589X
  • Total of Pages : 266
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 301
  • Pdf File: business-and-management-environment-in-saudi-arabia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For the last 60 years, Saudi Arabia has assumed a vital economic role and has been situated on the center stage of the global economic and political scene. While the market was once dominated by American and British firms, and later Japanese corporations, Korean and Chinese companies have now aggressively entered the market and have posed serious challenges to entrenched multinational corporations. The Saudi market has newly become an arena for unbridled competition. As companies must adapt and embark on creative means to sustain their positions in dynamic markets, multinational corporations must also find a comprehensive approach to dealing with cultural and political developments. Having a competitive edge demands familiarity with market nuances and peculiarities in addition to providing quality product and service. Business and Management Environment in Saudi Arabia is not primarily about how to conduct business in the region, but rather it provides insightful information to optimally guide western managers in conducting their operations in Saudi Arabia. The book offers essential information to engage effectively, manage business activities, resolve cultural understandings, and tackle appropriate issues of group dynamics, human resource management, managing change, and development and relations with the government and the general public. As such, it is required reading for both business leaders and academics alike.

African Economic Outlook 2017 Entrepreneurship and Industrialisation

By African Development Bank,OECD,United Nations Development Programme
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Book Code : 926427426X
  • Total of Pages : 316
  • Category :
  • Members : 150
  • Pdf File: african-economic-outlook-2017-entrepreneurship-and-industrialisation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The African Economic Outlook 2017 presents the continent’s current state of affairs and forecasts its situation for the coming two years.

Israel

By Michael Curtis,Mordecai S. Chertoff
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • Book Code : 9781412826730
  • Total of Pages : 460
  • Category : History
  • Members : 763
  • Pdf File: israel.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Israel: Social Structure and Change is the fullest and most up-to-date book on social and political change in this fascinating country. The book deals with urban and institutional development, the role and the place of the kibbutz today, economic development, income distribution, labor relations, ethnic relationships and problems, the role of women, changes in education, population problems and Arab-Jewish relationships in Israel. Prominent writers from the United States and Israel--sociologists, political scientists, economists, anthropologists and administrative leaders--have participated in this extensive treatment of Israel's development. Of interest to all those concerned with economic modernization and political and social development, these original essays are packed with incisive analysis in jargon-free language. CONTENTS: Introduction-M. Curtis and M.S. Chertoff / URBAN AND INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT / Israel's New Frontier: the Urban Periphery-J. Matras / Local Government as an Integrating Factor in Israeli Society-D.J. Elazar / Development Towns in Israel-M.J. Aronoff / Urban Community Development in Israel-R.M. Kramer / Absorption of Soviet Immigrants-Z. Gitelman / THE KIBBUTZ TODAY / Some Reflections on the Kibbutz-B. Bettelheim / Utopia and the Kibbutz-M. Curtis / The Family in the Kibbutz: What Lessons for Us?-S. Keller / Worker Participation in Decision-Making in Kibbutz Industry-M. Rosner / The Industrial Process in Israeli Kibbutzim: Problems and Their Solutions-U. Leviatan / ECONOMIC AND LABOR DEVELOPMENT / Income Distribution and Economic Development: the Case of Israel-H. Pack / Income Inequality in Israel: Ethnic Aspects-O. Remba / On East-West Differences in Occupational Structure in Israel-Y. Ben-Porath / On the Economic Development of the Arab Region in Israel-F.M. Gottheil / Histadrut and Industrial Democracy in Israel: An Interpretive Essay, from an American Perspective-M. Derber / Histadrut: Myth and Reality-J.J. Loewenberg / ETHNIC RELATIONS AND PROBLEMS / Israel: Two Nations?-S. Avineri / The Israeli Dilemma-S.M. Lipset / Western and Oriental Culture in Israel-R. Patai / The Emerging Consciousness of the Ethnic Problem among the Jews of Israel-C.S. Heller / Time to Stir the Melting Pot-H. Toledano / SOCIAL AND EDUCATIONAL CHANGE / Pluralism in Israel Society-M. Lissak / Your Daughters Shall Prophesy: Ancient and Contemporary Perspectives on the Women of Israel-N. Datan / Education: the Social Challenge-E. Felled / "Reforming" Israeli Education--W. Ackerman / The Arab Israelis-R. Bastuni

Africa’s Development Dynamics 2021 Digital Transformation for Quality Jobs

By African Union Commission,OECD
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Book Code : 926460653X
  • Total of Pages : 260
  • Category :
  • Members : 132
  • Pdf File: africa-s-development-dynamics-2021-digital-transformation-for-quality-jobs.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Africa’s Development Dynamics uses lessons learned in the continent’s five regions – Central, East, North, Southern and West Africa – to develop policy recommendations and share good practices. Drawing on the most recent statistics, this analysis of development dynamics attempts to help African leaders reach the targets of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 at all levels: continental, regional, national and local.

The Arab Spring and the Geopolitics of the Middle East: Emerging Security Threats and Revolutionary Change

By Amr Yossef,Joseph Cerami
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137504080
  • Total of Pages : 96
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 986
  • Pdf File: the-arab-spring-and-the-geopolitics-of-the-middle-east.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this study, which highlights a renewed emphasis in international affairs on regional studies, the co-authors provide an assessment of the revolutionary changes in the politics and security of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).