A Refutation of Moral Relativism Book

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A Refutation of Moral Relativism

By Peter Kreeft
  • ISBN Code: : 1681490188
  • Publisher : Ignatius Press
  • Pages : 180
  • Category : Religion
  • Reads : 549
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : a-refutation-of-moral-relativism.pdf

Book Excerpt :

No issue is more fateful for civilization than moral relativism. History knows not one example of a successful society which repudiated moral absolutes. Yet most attacks on relativism have been either pragmatic (looking at its social consequences) or exhorting (preaching rather than proving), and philosophers' arguments against it have been specialized, technical, and scholarly. In his typical unique writing style, Peter Kreeft lets an attractive, honest, and funny relativist interview a "Muslim fundamentalist" absolutist so as not to stack the dice personally for absolutism. In an engaging series of personal interviews, every conceivable argument the "sassy Black feminist" reporter Libby gives against absolutism is simply and clearly refuted, and none of the many arguments for moral absolutism is refuted.

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Federal, state, county, and municipal police forces all have their own codes of conduct, yet the ethics of being a police officer remain perplexing and are often difficult to apply in dynamic situations. The police misconduct statistics are staggering and indicate that excessive use of force comprises almost a quarter of misconduct cases, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and false arrest being the next most prevalent factors. The ethical issues and dilemmas in criminal justice also reach deep into the legal professions, the structure and administration of justice in society, and the personal characteristics of those in the criminal justice professions. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics includes A to Z entries by experts in the field that explore the scope of ethical decision making and behaviors within the spheres of criminal justice systems, including policing, corrections, courts, forensic science, and policy analysis and research. This two-volume set is available in both print and electronic formats. Features: Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries that guide readers to the next steps in their research journeys. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology highlights the development of the field and places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the fields of law and ethics; and a Resource Guide provides lists of classic books, academic journals, websites and associations focused on criminal justice ethics. Reports and statistics from such sources as the FBI, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court are included in an appendix. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide, index, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics provides a general, non-technical yet comprehensive resource for students who wish to understand the complexities of criminal justice ethics.

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  • Pdf File: knowledge-and-self-knowledge-in-plato-s-theaetetus.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Knowledge and Self-Knowledge in Plato's Theaetetus advances a new explanation for the apparent failure of the Theaetetus to come to a satisfactory conclusion about the definition of knowledge. Tschemplik argues that understanding this aporetic dialogue in light of the fact that it was conducted with two noted mathematicians shows that for Plato, mathematics was not the paradigm for philosophy. She points out that, although mathematics is clearly an important part of the philosopher's training, as the educational outline of the Republic makes clear, the point on which the mathematician falls short is the central role that self-knowledge plays in philosophical investigation. Theaetetus betrays this deficiency and is led by Socrates to an understanding of the benefits of self-knowledge understood as the knowledge of ignorance. Tschemplik concludes that it is the absence of self-knowledge in the Theaetetus which leads to its closing impasse regarding knowledge. This book will be of interest to scholars and graduate students in the history of philosophy with a special interest in ancient philosophy, and will also be accessible to upper-level undergraduates in ancient philosophy.

A Faithful Guide to Philosophy

By Peter S. Williams
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1532656742
  • Total of Pages : 466
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 797
  • Pdf File: a-faithful-guide-to-philosophy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A Faithful Guide to Philosophy is the only British Christian introduction to philosophy, a book that will be used as a course textbook and by church study groups and individual readers alike. It covers a broad range of subjects of central importance to the Christian worldview, and will be prized by many.

The G and T Defense: George W Bush and Tony Blair: Heroes, Not Villains

By Mark B Jardine
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
  • Book Code : 1483458563
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : History
  • Members : 524
  • Pdf File: the-g-and-t-defense.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The G and T Defense makes the following controversial yet well-supported claims: • George W Bush and Tony Blair are responsible for saving many more lives in the world than for taking them. • The Afghanistan and Iraq wars of 2001 and 2003 were justified and necessary at the time. The real and obvious war criminals were Osama bin Laden, Mullah Omar, Saddam Hussein and Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. • The hysterical and widespread accusations of “lies” and dishonesty against Bush and Blair are unjustified. • The casualties and prolonged conflict in Iraq were caused almost entirely by fanatical, fundamentalist extremists, and not by western powers. • The Abu Ghraib scandal was horrific, but needs to be put firmly into context. • Fallujah was no Guernica. “Oil” was no cause. • The hysterical reaction by much of the Western media to the 2003 Iraq war has led to dangerous “self-loathing” in the West, reinforced by moral equivalence. • Bush and Blair are more deserving of the Nobel Prize than Barack Obama.

Metaphysics of Morality

By Christopher B. Kulp
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 303023410X
  • Total of Pages : 268
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 109
  • Pdf File: metaphysics-of-morality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This is a book on metaethics—in particular, an inquiry into the metaphysical foundations of morality. After carefully exploring the metaphysical commitments, or lack thereof, of the leading versions of moral anti-realism, Kulp develops a new and in-depth theory of moral realism. Starting with the firm recognition of the importance of our common sense belief that we possess a great deal of moral knowledge—that, for example, some acts are objectively right and some objectively wrong—the book goes on to examine the metaphysical grounds of various skeptical responses to this perspective. In great part, the book is devoted to developing a version of realist metaethics: specifically, developing in detail realist theories of moral truth, moral facts, and moral properties.Concluding with the rejection of prominent contemporary forms of moral anti-realism, Kulp presents a rigorous non-naturalistic theory of moral realism, and a vindication of the basic commitments of commonsense moral thought.

The Emotional Construction of Morals

By Jesse Prinz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191608629
  • Total of Pages : 348
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 469
  • Pdf File: the-emotional-construction-of-morals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Jesse Prinz argues that recent work in philosophy, neuroscience, and anthropology supports two radical hypotheses about the nature of morality: moral values are based on emotional responses, and these emotional responses are inculcated by culture, not hard-wired through natural selection. In the first half of the book, Jesse Prinz defends the hypothesis that morality has an emotional foundation. Evidence from brain imaging, social psychology, and psychopathology suggest that, when we judge something to be right or wrong, we are merely expressing our emotions. Prinz argues that these emotions do not track objective features of reality; rather, the rightness and wrongness of an act consists in the fact that people are disposed to have certain emotions towards it. In the second half of the book, he turns to a defence of moral relativism. Moral facts depend on emotional responses, and emotional responses vary from culture to culture. Prinz surveys the anthropological record to establish moral variation, and he draws on cultural history to show how attitudes toward practices such as cannibalism and marriage change over time. He also criticizes evidence from animal behaviour and child development that has been taken to support the claim that moral attitudes are hard-wired by natural selection. Prinz concludes that there is no single true morality, but he also argues that some moral values are better than others; moral progress is possible. Throughout the book, Prinz relates his views to contemporary and historical work in philosophical ethics. His views echo themes in the writings of David Hume and Friedrich Nietzsche, but Prinz supports, extends, and revises these classic theories using the resources of cutting-edge cognitive science. The Emotional Construction of Morals will stimulate and challenge anyone who is curious about the nature and origin of moral values.

The Miracle of Man

By Jim Howard
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1498206123
  • Total of Pages : 252
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 987
  • Pdf File: the-miracle-of-man.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What Is a Man? Biologically, we are animals--homo sapiens. But men are different, born with consciousness, reason, free will, notions of morality, and other characteristics of what we call "human nature." Why are we different? Were we created by God or are we just accidents of nature? Are you a child of the King or just a child of King Kong? This is a book of apologetics for laypeople. It looks at arguments for the existence of God and especially at those arguments that can be drawn from human nature. It argues in plain language, with illustrations and humor, that we cannot explain human nature without God, that men are miracles.

The Radical Choice and Moral Theory

By Zhenming Zhai
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9401105014
  • Total of Pages : 194
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 716
  • Pdf File: the-radical-choice-and-moral-theory.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In a crisp, original style the author approaches the crucial question of moral theory, the `is--ought' problem via communicative argumentation. Moving to the end of Habermas's conception of the communicative action, he introduces the concept of `radical choice' as the key to the transition from the descriptive to the normative. Phenomenological subjectivity of the intersubjective life-world is being vindicated as the `arch-value' of all derivative values, or the first principle for all normative precepts. With exceptional acumen and mastery of the philosophical argument, the author -- a young native Chinese lately trained in a Western university -- delineates a fascinating route along which the philosophical question of justification raised in the analytic tradition can be answered on the basis of phenomenology. A noteworthy contribution to the interplay between the Anglo--American and Continental schools of philosophy.

Enhancement Fit for Humanity

By Michael Baggot
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000486990
  • Total of Pages : 254
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 413
  • Pdf File: enhancement-fit-for-humanity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book explores what constitutes an enhancement fit for humanity in the age of nanotechnologies, biotechnologies, information technologies, and technologies related to the cognitive sciences. It considers the influence of emergent technology upon our understanding of human nature and the impact on future generations. Drawing on the Catholic tradition, in particular, the book gathers international contributions from scientific, philosophical, legal, and religious perspectives. Together they offer a positive step in an ongoing dialogue regarding the promises and perils of emergent technology for man’s integral human development.

7 Truths That Changed the World (Reasons to Believe)

By Kenneth R. Samples
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Baker Books
  • Book Code : 1441238506
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 558
  • Pdf File: 7-truths-that-changed-the-world.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Ideas have consequences, sometimes far-reaching and world-changing. The Christian faith contains many volatile truths that challenged--and continue to challenge--the cultural and religious status quo of the world. This biblical, historical, and philosophical exploration of some of Christianity's most transformational ideas offers a unique look at how the world changed when Christ and his followers came on the scene. These ideas include the resurrection Jesus as God incarnate creation out of nothing the compatibility of faith and reason justification by grace through faith humankind in God's image the greater good of suffering Pastors, students, and thoughtful Christians will be strengthened to face contemporary challenges to these truths and will find the confidence to impact their world for Christ.

Philosophy of Medicine

By Alex Broadbent
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190612150
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 809
  • Pdf File: philosophy-of-medicine.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Philosophy of Medicine asks two central questions about medicine: what is it, and what should we think of it? Philosophy of medicine itself has evolved in response to developments in the philosophy of science, especially with regard to epistemology, positioning it to make contributions that are medically useful. This book locates these developments within a larger framework, suggesting that much philosophical thinking about medicine contributes to answering one or both of these two guiding questions. Taking stock of philosophy of medicine's present place in the landscape and its potential to illuminate a wide range of areas, from public health to policy, Alex Broadbent introduces various key topics in the philosophy of medicine. The first part of the book argues for a novel view of the nature of medicine, arguing that medicine should be understood as an inquiry into the nature and causes of health and disease. Medicine excels at achieving understanding, but not at translating this understanding into cure, a frustration that has dogged the history of medicine and continues to the present day. The second part of the book explores how we ought to consider medicine. Contemporary responses, such as evidence-based medicine and medical nihilism, tend to respond by fixing high standards of evidence. Broadbent rejects these approaches in favor of Medical Cosmopolitanism, or a rejection of epistemic relativism and pluralism about medicine that encourages conversations between medical traditions. From this standpoint, Broadbent opens the way to embracing alternative medicine. An accessible and user-friendly guide, Philosophy of Medicine puts these different debates into perspective and identifies areas that demand further exploration.