The Golden Age of Theoretical Ecology: 1923–1940 Book

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The Golden Age of Theoretical Ecology: 1923–1940

By F.M. Scudo,J.R. Ziegler
  • ISBN Code: : 3642501516
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 492
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 618
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-golden-age-of-theoretical-ecology.pdf

Book Excerpt :

This is the part of any book where the authors usually discuss why they wrote it. We hope, however, that the text will justifY itself. In fact, any well-trained ecologist will immediately grasp the significance of these seminal works. We have therefore tried to keep our interpretive comments to a minimum. Students of "modern" theoretical ecology will want to contrast the papers in this collection with their modern derivatives. We believe that those who do so will be surprised, if not amazed, by the ecological sophistication and intellectual power of the earlier works. They will stand as a challenge to those who study them, and we hope, provide a standard for the quality of their work. By presenting this collection of works, most of them not easily available and/or for the first time in English, we hope to help them attain the high level of recognition they deserve. We are also enabling readers not sufficiently familiar with Italian to acquire enough of a background to properly follow the works in French not presented here by including Volterra's "Variazioni e fluttuazioni del numero d' indi vidui in specie animali convi venti" (1927), still available. in the original edition.

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Read and download full book Weimar Republic And The Younger Proletariat

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Book Short Summary:

This military biography examines the man who sought to rebuild the Germany Army after WWI—and the rival who stoked the rise of Nazism. After Germany’s devastating defeat in the First World War, General Hans von Seekt became Chief of the Army Command at the Reichewehr Ministry of the Weimar Republic. His job was to rebuild the shattered German army and repair the nation’s standing on the world stage. The punitive terms of the post-war settlement made these ambitious goals nearly impossible, but the most significant challenges von Seekt faced came from within Germany. Von Seekt aimed to build a modern and efficient military with a main strategy of peaceful defense purposes. This original and far-sighted policy was opposed by his rival, General Erich Ludendorff, who led a nationalistic movement seeking revenge for Germany’s defeat. Ludendorff proposed to rebuild the once-mighty German imperial army as a major international force. The failure of von Seekt's experiment was tragically mirrored by the fall of the Weimar Republic, and the rise of rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany.


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  • Pdf File: bees.pdf

Book Short Summary:

8 Lectures in Dornach, Nov 26, 1923 to Dec 22, 1923 (CW 351) In 1923 Rudolf Steiner predicted the dire state of today's honeybee. He stated that, within fifty to eighty years, we would see the consequences of mechanizing the forces that had previously operated organically in the beehive. Such practices include breeding queen bees artificially. The fact that over sixty percent of the American honeybee population has died during the past ten years, and that this trend is continuing around the world, should make us aware of the importance of the issues discussed in these lectures. Steiner began this series of lectures on bees in response to a question from an audience of workers at the Goetheanum. From physical depictions of the daily activities of bees to the most elevated esoteric insights, these lectures describe the unconscious wisdom of the beehive and its connection to our experience of health, culture, and the cosmos. Bees is essential reading for anyone interested in understanding the true nature of the honeybee, as well as those who wish to heal the contemporary crisis of the beehive. Bees includes an essay by David Adams, "From Queen Bee to Social Sculpture: The Artistic Alchemy of Joseph Beuys." The art and social philosophy of Joseph Beuys (1921-1986) is among the most influential of the twentieth century. He was strongly influenced by Rudolf Steiner's lectures on bees. The elemental imagery and its relationship to human society played an important role in Beuys's sculptures, drawings, installations, and performance art. Adams' essay on Beuys adds a whole new dimension to these lectures, generally considered to be directed more specifically to biodynamic methods and beekeeping. C O N T E N T S Introduction by Gunther Hauk Eight Lectures by Rudolf Steiner Blackboard Drawings Appendix" Extracts from Various Lectures Afterword by David Adams: "From Queen Bee to Social Sculpture: The Artistic Alchemy of Joseph Beuys" Index This volume consists of 8 lectures (of 15) from Mensch und Welt. Das Wirken des Geistes in der Natur. Über das Wesen der Bienen (GA 351).

Sounds from the Valley

By Christian Leonard
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Page Publishing, Inc
  • Book Code : 1684568617
  • Total of Pages : 112
  • Category : History
  • Members : 776
  • Pdf File: sounds-from-the-valley.pdf

Book Short Summary:

There is a frustration while researching and writing history. The things one really wants to know about cannot usually be found. Will Durant wrote thus in the Story of Civilization series: Civilization is a stream with banks. The stream is sometimes filled with blood from people killing, stealing, shouting, and doing things historians usually record while, on the banks, unnoticed, people build homes, make love, raise children, sing songs, write poetry, whittle statues. The story of civilization is the story of what happens on the banks. You will find some interesting events in this history of the UC/UTC band, but you will not find everything. You will not find the name of the first song the University of Chattanooga band played, how Professor Blinn Owen felt about stepping down as the first dean of the department of music when it merged with the Cadek Conservatory, or what the reaction of the crowd was when the band played a Spanish tune for the first time in the late sixties. These are the kind of events and happenings that one would like to know, especially for the early years of the university band. This is not to be, however. Alas, we will have to settle for what witnesses selected to tell us, for it is unlikely that they realized they were historians at the time they recorded it!

The Complete Book of BMW Motorcycles

By Ian Falloon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Motorbooks
  • Book Code : 0760367167
  • Total of Pages : 312
  • Category : Transportation
  • Members : 337
  • Pdf File: the-complete-book-of-bmw-motorcycles.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Complete Book of BMW Motorcycles offers a thorough year-by-year guide to every production machine ever built by Germany’s leading motorcycle manufacturer. From the first model, the 1923 R32 that launched BMW's motorcycle dynasty, to the latest (and fastest) superbike, the S1000RR, this book captures nearly a century of motorcycling excellence in a combination of historic and contemporary photos. Technical specs are provided for each model. This comprehensive review covers all of BMW's bike families: The side-valve machines from the early years The early overhead-valve performance bikes The modern Airheads and Oilheads The four-cylinder and six-cylinder touring bikes The early pushrod singles The modern overhead-cam singles The latest parallel twins, and inline-four cylinder sport bikes Among them, you'll find all the classic bikes—pre-World War II BMWs like the R5 that defined performance in that era; the military R12 that carried the Wehrmacht as it blitzkrieged its way across Europe; the Earles-forked R69S that offered the perfect platform for mounting a Steib sidecar; the R90S café racer; the K1 “flying brick”; and the GS (Gelände Sport) series that launched a dual-sport revolution right up to today’s world-class S100RR and retro-inspired R nine T. Like the other titles in Motorbooks' Complete Book series, this guide to BMW's motorcycle output offers the most complete reference to the subject available.

Brazil and the Soviet Challenge, 1917–1947

By Stanley E. Hilton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Book Code : 9780292786431
  • Total of Pages : 303
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 590
  • Pdf File: brazil-and-the-soviet-challenge-1917-1947.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Between 1918 and 1961, Brazil and the USSR maintained formal diplomatic ties for only thirty-one months, at the end of World War II. Yet, despite the official distance, the USSR is the only external actor whose behavior, real or imagined, influenced the structure of the Brazilian state in the twentieth century. In Brazil and the Soviet Challenge, 1917–1947, Stanley Hilton provides the first analysis in any language of Brazilian policy toward the Soviet Union during this period. Drawing on American, British, and German diplomatic archives and unprecedented access to official and private Brazilian records, Hilton elucidates the connection between the Brazilian elite’s perception of a communist threat and the creation of the authoritarian Estado Novo (1937–1945), the forerunner of the post-1964 national security state. He shows how the 1935 communist revolt, prepared by Comintern agents, was a pivotal event in Brazilian history, making prophets of conservative alarmists and generating irresistible pressure for an authoritarian government to contain the Soviet threat. He details the Brazilian government’s secret cooperation with the Gestapo during the 1930s and its concomitant efforts to forge an anti-Soviet front in the Southern Cone. And he uncovers an unexplored aspect of Brazil’s national security policy, namely, the attempt to build counterintelligence capabilities not only within Brazil but also in neighboring countries. While the history of the Brazilian communist movement has been extensively studied, this is the first work to explore how images of the Soviet Union and its policies influenced the Brazilian foreign policy elite. It will be important reading for all students of twentieth-century political history.

The Making of the Modern Near East 1792-1923

By Malcolm Yapp
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317871073
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : History
  • Members : 164
  • Pdf File: the-making-of-the-modern-near-east-1792-1923.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This clear, and authoritative text surveys the history of the region from the collapse of the Ottoman Empire to the present day. It contains a general regional introduction, followed by a series of country-by-country analyses, and a section which places the Near East in the international context. Professor Yapp' s new edition covers recent dramatic events including the end of the Cold War, the Kuwait Crisis of 1990/91, and the continuing conflict in Israel, as well as assessing the huge social and economic changes in the region. It will be essential reading for students and scholars concerned with modern middle eastern history and politics of the middle east.

Taxation and Society in Twentieth-Century Argentina

By José Antonio Sánchez Román
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137087412
  • Total of Pages : 245
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 556
  • Pdf File: taxation-and-society-in-twentieth-century-argentina.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book provides a historical narrative of the Argentine tax system in the twentieth century. It argues that the failure to build permanent trust between the state and the civil society and the unraveling of confidence within Argentine society itself account for the collapse of the progressive tax system.

Baptism and the Baptists

By Anthony R. Cross
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1532617062
  • Total of Pages : 550
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 519
  • Pdf File: baptism-and-the-baptists.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Since its first publication in 2000, Baptism and the Baptists has become the definitive work on the subject. It examines the theology and practice of believers' baptism among twentieth-century Baptists associated with the Baptist Union of Great Britain, and identifies the major influences which have led to its development. In the nineteenth and early twentieth century, the majority of Baptists concentrated predominantly on the mode and subjects of baptism (immersion and believers), understanding the rite merely as an ordinance--the believer's personal profession of faith in Christ. However, in continuity with a tradition of Baptists going back as far as the first Baptists in the second and third decades of the seventeenth century, there were also a significant number of ministers and scholars who saw the inadequacy of this view of baptism both biblically and theologically. This sacramental view developed and grew throughout the twentieth century, and influenced a resurgence of baptismal sacramentalism in the early twenty-first century among Baptists not just in Britain, but also in North America, Europe, and further afield.

Combatants and Civilians in Revolutionary Ireland, 1918-1923

By Thomas Earls FitzGerald
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000370429
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : History
  • Members : 272
  • Pdf File: combatants-and-civilians-in-revolutionary-ireland-1918-1923.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is based on original research into intimidation and violence directed at civilians by combatants during the revolutionary period in Ireland, considering this from the perspectives of the British, the Free State and the IRA. The book combines qualitative and quantitative approaches, and focusses on County Kerry, which saw high levels of violence. It demonstrates that violence and intimidation against civilians was more common than clashes between combatants and that the upsurge in violence in 1920 was a result of the deployment of the Black and Tans and Auxiliaries, particularly in the autumn and winter of that year. Despite the limited threat posed by the IRA, the British forces engaged in unprecedented and unprovoked violence against civilians. This study stresses the increasing brutality of the subsequent violence by both sides. The book shows how the British had similar methods and views as contemporary counter-revolutionary groups in Europe. IRA violence, however, was, in part, an attempt to impose homogeneity as, beneath the Irish republican narrative of popular approval, there lay a recognition that universal backing was never in fact present. The book is important reading for students and scholars of the Irish revolution, the social history of Ireland and inter-war European violence.

Politburo And The Church Kremlin Archives N. Petrovsky, S.G. Petrov

By Erdogan A
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Erdogan A
  • Book Code : 1329453700
  • Total of Pages : 648
  • Category : History
  • Members : 435
  • Pdf File: politburo-and-the-church-kremlin-archives-n-petrovsky-s-g-petrov.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Politburo And The Church, Kremlin Archives, N. Petrovsky, S.G. Petrov

For the Betterment of the Race

By S. Kühl
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137286121
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : History
  • Members : 755
  • Pdf File: for-the-betterment-of-the-race.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Racism, race hygiene, eugenics, and their histories have for a long time been studied in terms of individual countries, whether genocidal ideology in Nazi Germany or scientific racial theories in the United States. As this study demonstrates, however, eugenic racial policy and scientific racism alike had a strongly international dimension. Concepts such as a 'Racial Confederation of European Peoples' or a 'blonde internationalism' marked the thinking and the actions of many eugenicists, undergirding transnational networks that persist even today. Author Stefan Kühl provides here a historical foundation for this phenomenon, contextualizing the international eugenics movement in relation to National Socialist race policies and showing how intensively eugenicists worked to disseminate their beliefs throughout the world.

Words at Work in Vanity Fair

By M. Banta
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0230370810
  • Total of Pages : 233
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 187
  • Pdf File: words-at-work-in-vanity-fair.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Banta draws upon essays in Vanity Fair by noted journalists, literary figures, and cultural critics in order to examine the manner by which major cultural and historical events in the Untied States and Britain led to the invention of previously non-existent words to express the rampant changes within society.